Secretary Island close to becoming deer free
Secretary Island. Photo: Department of Conservation
13 March 2013
Secretary Island close to becoming deer free
The Secretary Island deer eradication programme led by the Department of Conservation (DOC) has been ramped up this year, to obtain essential information required for the final stages of returning the island to its natural deer free state.
Secretary Island is 8160ha of
very steep rugged and challenging terrain.
Since 2006 the deer population has been targeted for eradication, with DOC removing 686 deer. DNA from deer shot on the Island has confirmed that all of the deer were related and the population most likely originated from a small number of immigrants arriving in the 1960’s. All of the recently shot animals are very closely related, suggesting that no recent immigration has occurred.
The remnant population is now so low it is hard to detect deer on the Island at all, making it difficult to know exactly how many were left and where to target them on the island. However, unless these last few deer are eradicated, the population will eventually bounce back, undermining the work to date.
To identify how many deer were remaining and plan the final stages of eradication, helicopter supported hunting and monitoring was undertaken in February 2013. DOC Ranger Norm MacDonald, who oversaw the project, said the method allowed DOC to obtain a snapshot of the current deer population and their locations. “Hunters were positioned by helicopter at ridge tops and made their way down to the coast, before being returned to the next ridge” he said. “The first phase of the project systematically covered all potential deer habitat, taking 24 days for a team of 6 hunters with trained indicator dogs”. The hunters’ primary goal was to map the location of all the remaining deer on the island, with a secondary goal of shooting as many of these deer as possible during the process.
“Once the location and number of
deer was known it eliminated a lot of the island that hadn't
held any deer for a long time and allowed us to target
individual animals or family units effectively”, said Mr
MacDonald. While the first phase of this project has now
been completed, it's not going to be easy to remove these
last individuals. “We know there are 16-18 deer left on
Secretary Island and where they are located” Mr MacDonald
said. “This will enable the final stages of eradication to
be targeted and effective”.
Deer cause significant damage to our native forest biodiversity. They inhibit the regeneration of many plant species causing irreversible changes to the forest composition, making deer eradication an important part of restoring Secretary Island.
Secretary Island supports a diverse range of plant communities and ideal habitats for our native species. Recent visits show that since the deer eradication programme started in 2006 the understory has been recovering and is now extremely dense. Since pest control began, several native bird species have been translocated onto Secretary, including robins, mohua, kokako, rock wren and takahe, making this island a very special sanctuary.
The only animal pest species present on Secretary Island are deer and stoats. There are no possums or rodents which are found in many other areas of New Zealand. The absence of rats and mice has meant that Secretary Island has provided refuge for an abundant and diverse range of invertebrates, such as the knobbled weevil, cave weta and tunnel web spider. Significant plant species which possums like to eat, such as mistletoes and mountain lancewood are also found there.
Removing deer will allow the regeneration of many plants that are vulnerable to browsing by deer. With stoats and deer no longer impacting on the native flora and fauna the island ecosystem can begin a natural process of restoration. It is hoped that in the future visitors to Secretary Island will be able to experience Fiordland how it used to be.
Island has open access to the public but may be closed
temporarily during eradication operations. Public notices
are issued if this is the case, and public can enquire at
the Fiordland National Park Visitor Centre.
All visitors landing on the island must be aware of the potential risk of carrying unwanted plant and animal pests onto Secretary Island. It is important that all clothing, bags, equipment and transport are free of any soil, plant or animal pests before landing on the island.