Book Reviews | Gordon Campbell | Scoop News | Wellington Scoop | Community Scoop | Search

 

Growing Human Smuggling Trade Worth Billions

Australian Institute of Criminology

Media Release

"Yesterday's discovery of the largest boatload of illegal immigrants ever to arrive in Australia is a major organised crime and human rights issue", said Director of the Australian Institute of Criminology, Dr Adam Graycar, today.

Smuggling and trafficking in human beings is a lucrative industry involving about four million people and turning over billions of dollars each year worldwide.

Speaking in Israel at an international conference on Migration, Culture and Crime, Dr Graycar said the continuing growth of the industry would not only compromise the immigration programs of countries like Australia, but spark international tensions between countries.

"While only a relatively small number of illegal immigrants come to Australia at present, our vast expanse of coastline, high standard of living, and economic and political stability make it a very attractive destination. But Australian authorities are performing well under difficult circumstances", he said.

Illegal migrants may be escaping poverty, unemployment, persecution or conflict. In many instances they are driven by despair and lured by false promises or misled by misinformation about migration regulations.

Illegal migrants fall into four categories:

those who pay the smugglers, knowing they are acting illegally; those who pay, believing they are acting legally, but jumping the queue; those who cannot afford to pay the full amount, but are willing to work off the debt in the new country; and those who are totally unaware of what is happening to them, for example, children who have been sold.

The paper Dr Graycar presented at the conference, Trafficking in Human Beings, outlines the structure and activities of trafficking networks, and the law enforcement response.

"While law enforcement has a very important role to play, the ultimate answer lies in international cooperation, treaties and enforceable legislation", he said.

The Australian Institute of Criminology has embarked on a major international study in conjunction with the United Nations, which will:

assess the current smuggling/trafficking situation; assess the institutional capacity to respond to these crimes; provide legal advice and technical cooperation; and develop a national strategy and elements of a sub-regional strategy for future adoption by government and possibly ASEAN.

16 August 1999

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 

New Report: Refugees In PNG Being Pushed To The Brink

Refugee Council of Australia and Amnesty International paint a stark picture of a traumatised refugee population hit hard by Australia's recent healthcare and counselling service cuts, as well as continued threats to their safety. More>>

ALSO:

New IPCC Report: ‘Unprecedented Changes’ Needed To Limit Global Warming

Limiting global warming to 1.5°C will require “far-reaching and unprecedented changes,” such as ditching coal for electricity to slash carbon emissions, says a special report that finds some of the actions needed are already under way, but the world must move faster… More>>

ALSO:

Jamal Khashoggi: UK, France, Germany Join Calls For Credible Investigation

Germany, the United Kingdom and France share the grave concern expressed by others including HRVP Mogherini and UNSG Guterres, and are treating this incident with the utmost seriousness. More>>

ALSO:

MSF Not Wanted: Nauru Government Shows Continued Callousness

The Nauruan Government’s decision to ask Doctors Without Borders to immediately leave shows continued callousness towards asylum seekers desperately seeking a safe place to call home, Green MP Golriz Ghahraman said today. More>>

ALSO:

Sulawesi Quake, Tsunami: Aid Response Begins

Oxfam and its local partners are standing by to deploy emergency staff and resources to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, as an estimated 1.5 million people are thought to be affected by the massive earthquake and tsunami that hit on Friday. More>>

ALSO:

Decriminalising Same-Sex Relationships: UN Rights Chief Applauds Indian Decision

“This is a great day for India and for all those who believe in the universality of human rights," Bachelet said. "With this landmark decision, the Indian Supreme Court has taken a big step forward for freedom and equality...” More>>

ALSO:

 
 
 
 
 
 
  • Pacific.Scoop
  • Cafe Pacific
  • PMC