Letter to Select Committee: Emissions Trading Bill
Please find attached a letter to the Finance and Expenditure Select Committee from a wide range of industry associations asking for an extension on the submission deadline for the Climate Change (Emissions Trading and Renewable Preference) Bill due to a wide range of concerns. We have been advised that the request has been denied.
19 February 2008
Mr Charles Chauvel
Finance and Expenditure Select Committee
Dear Mr Chauvel
The undersigned industry associations are very concerned with the tight deadline for submissions on the Climate Change (Emissions Trading and Renewable Preference) Bill and we are writing to request that the deadline for submissions be delayed until 31 March.
It is our collective view that there are a large number of issues where there is insufficient information available to allow submitters to adequately assess the risks presented by the Bill.
For example, the Climate Change Leadership Forum has identified a number of gaps in the analysis that should have been done prior to the Bill being introduced, which would have given a better idea of the potential costs and benefits of this piece of legislation to the New Zealand economy and should have underpinned the Regulatory Impact Statement in the explanatory note to the Bill.
Questions they are currently looking at include;
How large are the
economic adjustment costs likely to be?
What are the financial flows implications for different sectors?
What is the likely extent of and economic cost of leakage?
What assets are stranded and who owns them? How is this affected by the treatment of leakage?
What are the abatement opportunities and costs in different sectors?
What are the implications of slow entry in some sectors?
How many domestic units will be available at each point in time in New Zealand relative to the demand for them?
What are the drivers of pre-2012 international emissions prices that will affect us and how well can we predict both availability and price?
What are the implications of different international rules? E.g. full carbon accounting; harvested wood products;
What are the non-climate environmental implications e.g. biodiversity, water quality?
Longer Term: what are the implications of different post 2012 scenarios? What is the cost and likely impact of non-price policies (e.g building code changes; vehicle fleet requirements, ban on new thermal generation…etc
To these we would add the need to quantify the expected benefits.
It is our view that these are critical questions that need to be analysed prior to decisions being made about a Bill that could have far reaching impacts on the New Zealand economy. By allowing more time for submissions to be researched and written, it is also possible we will have more information from Australia as to the direction that their emissions trading scheme will take.
To leave such essential matters to be
fleshed out through regulations is poor practice
and not recommended by the Legislation Advisory Committee.
10.1.6 What considerations do not justify the use of delegated legislation?
A range of unjustified reasons are sometimes
advanced in support of including matters in
delegated legislation. Reliance is typically placed on an empowering provision that was not
designed for the purpose but which, it appears, is wide enough to encompass that purpose.
However, such reasons will rarely (if ever)
justify including the matters in
The following reasons should not
be put forward to justify delegated
that the policy development was not completed in time. Here, the regulation-making
power may be advanced as a method of “filling the gaps” in the primary legislation.
Such a legislative safety-net is not
permissible. However, if the omission is a
genuinely unforeseen contingency, inclusion in delegated legislation may be justified.
that as a matter of political
expediency, delegated legislation should be used.
could be relied on for a number of reasons, including—
to disguise a controversial issue in the legislative regime by placing it in
delegated legislation (because that may be perceived as being “less public”): this
reason would never be justified.
to “get the law through” by placing
everything that hasn’t been included in
primary legislation in delegated legislation, perhaps to reduce the time the
primary legislation takes to pass through Parliament.
that “it’s always been done this
way” and so it should be done this way again. The
mere fact that delegated legislation has been used for a particular purpose in the past
does not justify it being used in that way again. There may be a number of reasons
why it was used in the past, including current practice at the time or simple mistake.
Each case must be capable of being objectively justified.
We ask that you
treat this request with urgency and we look forward to
Major Electricity Users
Director, New Zealand
Peter Bodeker, Chief
of New Zealand