Times Higher Education: 2013 World Reputation Rankings
Times Higher Education Publishes 2013 World Reputation Rankings
• Australia is the success
story of the 2013 rankings, with existing representatives
improving their position joined by two new top 100
• Harvard University again heads an elite top six of Anglo-American “super-brands” that has pulled further away from the chasing pack
• East Asian institutions make strong progress in the global index of academic prestige
• No New Zealand institutions make the world top 100 list
• Top 100 representation for Brazil, Russia and China, but nothing for the remaining BRIC nation, India
Australia has emerged as one of the strongest performers in the 2013 Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings.
The annual list, a subsidiary of the prestigious THE World University Rankings, are based on the largest worldwide invitation-only survey of senior academic opinion. They provide the only global index based purely on the power of university brands.
Reputation both reflects and drives university success, attracting staff, students, business investment, research partners and benefactions in a highly competitive global market.
This year’s rankings have again provided strong evidence of an elite group of six US and UK global “super-brands” that stands head and shoulders above the rest. The group is headed by Harvard University, followed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Cambridge, the University of Oxford, the University of California, Berkeley and Stanford University.
Although Oxford has swapped places with Stanford this year, the top six’s membership has remained consistent since the World Reputation Rankings’ first edition in 2011, with the gap between it and the chasing pack widening each year.
In the opinion of those who recognise quality in university teaching and research better than anyone – academics themselves – the US continues to dominate, with 43 universities in the world top 100 list. However, this dominance is slowly waning: it had 45 representatives in the top 100 in 2011 and 44 last year.
Outside the US, the UK has the most top 100 representatives (nine), but its overall showing has declined from 12 in 2011.
In terms of representation in the top 100, the US and the UK are followed by Australia, which has moved ahead of Japan and the Netherlands and now has six representatives (up from four last year). Monash University (91-100 band) and the University of New South Wales (81-90 band) enter the top 100 for the first time, while Australia’s existing representatives, led by the University of Melbourne (up from 43rd to 39th), improve their standings.
Japan, the Netherlands and Germany each have five top 100 institutions, with Germany gaining a new entrant in 2013 (Freie Universität Berlin, which has entered the 91-100 band).
In total, 20 countries are represented.
Japan still carries the torch for Asia with five top 100 institutions, but it has lost some of its lustre. Its top 10 player, the University of Tokyo, has slipped one place to ninth, while Kyoto University has fallen out of the top 20. Osaka University remains in the 51-60 group, but both Tohoku University and the Tokyo Institute of Technology have fallen from that band to the 61-70 cluster.
As Japan’s prestige falls, that of its East Asian rivals rises.
The National University of Singapore climbs one place to 22nd (it was 27th in 2011) while the Republic of Korea’s Seoul National University has improved its standing (entering the top 50 this year), as has the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (up from 81-90 to 61-70).
Mainland China strikes the only disappointing note amid the East Asian celebrations: its two flagship universities have slipped slightly (Tsinghua University from 30th to 35th and Peking University from 38th to 45th), but they remain top 50 players
The World Reputation Rankings are part of the portfolio of university ranking systems that have established Times Higher Education as the most respected and cited provider of comparative university performance data in the world. The reputation rankings are based on a global invitation-only opinion poll carried out by Ipsos MediaCT for Times Higher Education’s rankings data supplier, Thomson Reuters. The poll has attracted 48,000 responses from more than 150 countries in three years. The 2013 results are based on 16,639 responses from senior published academics.
Research by international student recruitment agency IDP has shown that a university’s “reputation/ranking” is the single most important consideration for students choosing study destinations, above fees and even course content (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2012-13/world-ranking/analysis/name-is-the-game).
A separate study by the World 100 Reputation Network has found that institutional reputation is the number one factor for international academic staff changing jobs (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?sectioncode=26&storycode=419275).
• There are 20 countries represented in the world top 100 reputation list.
• Five are represented in the top 20: the US, the UK, Japan, Canada and Switzerland.
• The highest-ranking university outside the UK and the US is Japan’s University of Tokyo (ninth, down one place).
• Brazil is represented by the University of São Paulo, which holds its position in the 61-70 band.
• Israel and Turkey, with one institution each, represent the Middle East. Israel has lost one of its top 100 representatives (Tel Aviv University).
• Switzerland has lost one of its three top 100 institutions (the University of Zürich), but its highest-placed representative, ETH Zürich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, has entered the top 20.
• India does not have a single university in the top 100.
• France has four representatives, led by the Université Paris-Sorbonne, although none make the top 50.
• There are six countries (compared with four last year) with one representative in the top 100: Brazil, Taiwan, Belgium, Israel, Russia and Turkey.
• The Republic of Ireland is not represented.
Phil Baty, editor of Times Higher Education rankings, said:
“A university’s reputation is subjective, but it matters deeply in today’s highly competitive global marketplace, and it has serious real-world impact – helping to attract top student and academic talent, and encouraging industrial investment and benefactions.
“It is clear that no university, no matter how prestigious, can afford to be complacent in this fast-moving, information-rich global age. New forces in higher education are emerging, especially in the Asia-Pacific countries that are investing heavily in building world-class universities, so the traditional elite must be very careful. In the three years that the World Reputation Rankings have been running, we have clear evidence that the US and the UK in particular are losing ground.”
“Australia is a country very much on the way up in terms of worldwide academic prestige. On the back of significant gains in 2012, it has had another great year in the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings. The country has gained two new top 100 representatives – Monash University and the University of New South Wales – taking its total to six. This means it has jumped into third place behind the US and the UK in the list of the best-represented countries in the 2013 World Reputation Rankings. Australia can also boast a top 40 university: its best-ranked institution, the University of Melbourne, has moved up to 39th.
“In many ways these results show that Australia’s image among scholars around the world is catching up with the reality: until now it has tended to perform less well in the reputation rankings compared with the overall, objective World University Rankings, which come out every autumn. These results show how well poised Australia is to make the most of its geographical advantages: while it has strong links with the best universities in the West, it has also made the most of East Asia’s booming higher education scene. If it continues to exploit these opportunities, Australia could be a serious beneficiary of the Asian century, which is great news for its economy and competitiveness.”
Speaking to the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings supplement, Monash University president Ed Byrne, said: “Australia is ideally situated between the rising academic powerhouses of Asia and the established centres in the old West… I anticipate a bright future.”
The Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings 2013
|2013 Rank||2012 Rank||Institution||Country|
|2||2||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||US|
|3||3||University of Cambridge||UK|
|4||6||University of Oxford||UK|
|5||5||University of California, Berkeley||US|
|8||9||University of California, Los Angeles||US|
|9||8||University of Tokyo||Japan|
|11||11||California Institute of Technology||US|
|12||12||University of Michigan||US|
|=14||14||University of Chicago||US|
|=14||13||Imperial College London||UK|
|16||=16||University of Toronto||Canada|
|18||19||University of Pennsylvania||US|
|19||18||Johns Hopkins University||US|
|=20||21||University College London||UK|
|=20||22||ETH Zürich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich||Switzerland|
|22||=23||National University of Singapore||Singapore|
|24||=23||University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign||US|
|25||29||London School of Economics and Political Science||UK|
|26||37||Carnegie Mellon University||US|
|=27||32||University of Texas at Austin||US|
|=27||28||University of Washington||US|
|29||34||New York University||US|
|30||27||University of Wisconsin-Madison||US|
|=31||=25||University of British Columbia||Canada|
|34||36||University of California, San Diego||US|
|36||=39||University of Hong Kong||Hong Kong|
|38||41||Georgia Institute of Technology||US|
|39||43||University of Melbourne||Australia|
|40||31||University of California, San Francisco||US|
|41||51-60||Seoul National University||Republic of Korea|
|=42||=44||Australian National University||Australia|
|=42||=39||University of Massachusetts||US|
|46||49||University of Edinburgh||UK|
|47||51-60||University of Manchester||UK|
|48||=44||University of California, Davis||US|
|49||50||University of Sydney||Australia|
|=50||-||Lomonosov Moscow State University||Russian Federation|
|51-60||51-60||Delft University of Technology||Netherlands|
|51-60||61-70||École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne||Switzerland|
|51-60||91-100||Middle East Technical University||Turkey|
|51-60||=47||University of Minnesota||US|
|51-60||46||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill||US|
|51-60||51-60||Ohio State University||US|
|51-60||51-60||Pennsylvania State University||US|
|51-60||51-60||University of California, Santa Barbara||US|
|51-60||61-70||National Taiwan University||Taiwan|
|61-70||61-70||Hong Kong University of Science and Technology||Hong Kong|
|61-70||61-70||King’s College London||UK|
|61-70||81-90||Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology||Republic of Korea|
|61-70||61-70||University of São Paulo||Brazil|
|61-70||61-70||University of Southern California||US|
|61-70||61-70||Technische Universität München||Germany|
|61-70||51-60||Tokyo Institute of Technology||Japan|
|71-80||61-70||Hebrew University of Jerusalem||Israel|
|71-80||61-70||Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin||Germany|
|71-80||81-90||Katholieke Universiteit Leuven||Belgium|
|71-80||71-80||Michigan State University||US|
|71-80||81-90||Nanyang Technological University||Singapore|
|71-80||61-70||University of Pittsburgh||US|
|71-80||71-80||University of Queensland||Australia|
|81-90||71-80||University of Amsterdam||Netherlands|
|81-90||81-90||Chinese University of Hong Kong||Hong Kong|
|81-90||81-90||University of Florida||US|
|81-90||-||University of New South Wales||Australia|
|81-90||91-100||Université Pierre et Marie Curie||France|
|81-90||91-100||Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey||US|
|81-90||71-80||Washington University in St Louis||US|
|91-100||91-100||University of Bristol||UK|
|91-100||-||Freie Universität Berlin||Germany|
|91-100||-||University of Maryland, College Park||US|
|91-100||71-80||Texas A&M University||US|
|91-100||91-100||Wageningen University and Research Center||Netherlands|
The Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings 2013
State of the nations: representatives of each
country in the top 100
(Copyright Times Higher Education 2013. Link to http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/)
|Country||Number of top 100 institutions||Top institution||Top institution rank|
|UK||9||University of Cambridge||3|
|Australia||6||University of Melbourne||39|
|Japan||5||University of Tokyo||9|
|Netherlands||5||Delft University of Technology||51-60|
|Canada||3||University of Toronto||16|
|Hong Kong||3||University of Hong Kong||36|
|Switzerland||2||ETH Zürich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich||=20|
|Republic of Korea||2||Seoul National University||41|
|Singapore||2||National University of Singapore||22|
|Israel||1||Hebrew University of Jerusalem||71-80|
|Russian Federation||1||Lomonosov Moscow State University||=50|
|Turkey||1||Middle East Technical University||51-60|
|Taiwan||1||National Taiwan University||51-60|
|Belgium||1||Katholieke Universiteit Leuven||71-80|
|Brazil||1||University of São Paulo||61-70|
Methodology key facts
• The World Reputation Rankings are based on the results of the Academic Reputation Survey carried out by Ipsos MediaCT for Thomson Reuters, data supplier to the Times Higher Education rankings. The 2013 World Reputation Rankings are based on 16,639 responses from 144 countries to the survey distributed in April-May 2012.
• The survey is available in nine languages and is distributed based on United Nations data to ensure it accurately reflects the global distribution of scholars. Times Higher Education does not allow volunteers to take part in the survey and accepts no nominations from institutions or any third party.
• The poll asks academics to nominate no more than 15 of the best institutions in their narrow field of expertise, based on their experience and knowledge, making it a rigorous global measure of academic prestige.
• For the 2013 table, some 39 per cent of responses were from the Americas, with 26 per cent from Europe, 25 per cent from Asia Pacific and 12 per cent from Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia (figures rounded).
• Eighteen per cent of respondents were from the physical sciences, 21.3 per cent from engineering and technology, 22.1 per cent from the social sciences, 15.4 per cent from clinical subjects, 12.7 per cent from life sciences and 10.5 per cent from the arts and humanities.
The full methodology of the survey, and a copy of the survey instrument, is available at: http://ip-science.thomsonreuters.com/globalprofilesproject/gpp-reputational/methodology/
Data for the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings were provided by Thomson Reuters from its Global Institutional Profiles project, an ongoing multi-stage process to collect and validate factual data about academic institutional performance across a variety of aspects and multiple disciplines: http://science.thomsonreuters.com/globalprofilesproject/
app – World University Rankings
The separate 2012-2013 World University Rankings, based on 13 largely objective indicators, are available online at http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/ and via a free Times Higher Education iPhone app, which provides rankings data on the world’s best-performing 400 institutions and includes information such as average tuition fees per institution and the cost of living in each university location. Powered by Thomson Reuters, the app allows users to create their own rankings based on personal preferences and criteria weightings so that they can find the institution that best suits their needs.
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