IMAC Response To Gold Rush 2nd Ed.
Immunisation Advisory Center
0800 IMMUNE (466 863)
IMAC Statement, 2 June 2005
This 61-page edition introduces no new meaningful data to the information on MeNZB™ that has not already been considered and responded to.
From the scientific angle there is a clear evidence base supporting the MeNZB™ immunisation programme to control the current epidemic and a wide-ranging safety-monitoring programme in place.
Parents and members of the public who wish to explore the issues raised can access evidenced based information from the following sources:
- General issues related to MeNZB™ vaccine phone to discuss
0800 20 30 90 or visit www.immunise.moh.govt.nz
- General issues on immunisation in New Zealand phone to discuss
0800 IMMUNE 466 863 or visit www.immune.org.nz
- Response to first press release Meningococcal Gold Rush by Barbara Sumner-Burstyn and Ron Law (Dec 2004). Available from www.immune.org.nz
For those conducting further independent research evidence based information can be found at:
Peer Reviewed Publications - Recommended Readings
Meningococcal Disease – description,
diagnosis, treatment and cause
- Rosenstein NE, Perkins BA, Stephens DS, Popovic T, Hughes JM. Meningococcal Disease. New England 2001;344(18):6.
- Thomas M. Prevention of group B meningococcal disease by vaccination: a difficult task. The New Zealand Medical Journal 2004;117(1200): http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal/117-1200/1016/.
Incidence of Meningococcal Disease in New Zealand –
- Lopez L, Martin D. Meningococcal Disease report January to December 2004. Wellington: Ministry of Health; 2005.
What puts us more at risk
for meningococcal disease?
- Baker M, McNicholas A, Garrett N, Jones N, Stewart J, Koberstein V, et al. Household crowding a major risk factor for epidemic meningococcal disease in Auckland children. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2000;19(10):983-90.
Natural Protection against meningococcal disease
- Pollard AJ, Frasch C. Development of natural immunity to Neisseria meningitidis. Vaccine 2001;19:1327-46.
- Goldschneider I, Gotschlich EC, Artenstein MS. Human immunity to the meningococcus. I. The role of humoral antibodies. J Exp Med 1969;129(6):1307-26, 1969 Jun 1.
- Goldschneider I, Gotschlich EC, Artenstein MS. Human immunity to the meningococcus. II. Development of natural immunity. J Exp Med 1969;129(6):1327-48, 1969 Jun 1.
MeNZB™ – Manufacture and ingredients
- Jodar L, Feavers I, Salisbury D, Granoff D. Development of vaccines against meningococcal disease. The Lancet 2002;359:1499-1508.
- Frasch CE, Alphen Lv, Holst J, Poolman JT, Rosenqvist E. Outer Membrane Protein Vesicle Vaccines for Meningococcal Disease. In: Pollard AJ, Maiden MCJ, editors. Methods in Molecular Medicine, Meningococcal Vaccines: Methods and Protocols. Totowa NJ: Humana Press. p. 81-107.
- The Development of the NZ Meningococcal B Vaccine. Immunisation Advisory Centre, University of Auckland; 2004.
- Hem SL. Elimination of aluminum adjuvants. Vaccine 2002;20(Supplement 3):S40-S43.
Studies show group B vaccines work
- Borrow R, Balmer P, Miller E. Meningococcal surrogates of protection--serum bactericidal antibody activity. Vaccine 2005;23(17-18):2222-2227.
- Wedege E, Hoiby EA, Rosenqvist E, Bjune G. Immune responses against major outer membrane antigens of Neisseria meningitidis in vaccinees and controls who contracted meningococcal disease during the Norwegian serogroup B protection trial. Infection and Immunity 1998;66(7):3223-31,.
- Boslego J, Garcia J, Cruz C, Zollinger W, Brandt B, Ruiz S, et al. Efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of a meningococcal group B (15:P1.3) outer membrane protein vaccine in Iquique, Chile. Chilean National Committee for Meningococcal Disease. Vaccine. 1995;13(9):821-9.
- Tappero JW, Lagos R, Ballesteros AM, Plikaytis B, Williams D, Dykes J, et al. Immunogenicity of 2 serogroup B outer-membrane protein meningococcal vaccines: a randomized controlled trial in Chile.[see comment]. Jama. 1999;281(16):1520-7.
- Oster P, Lennon D, O'Hallahan J, Mulholland K, Reid S, Martin D. MeNZB[trademark]: a safe and highly immunogenic tailor-made vaccine against the New Zealand Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B disease epidemic strain. Vaccine 2005;23(17-18):2191-2196.
- Report of the Independent Safety Monitoring Board. 7 April 2005. Safety Monitoring Following MeNZB™ Immunisation 19 July 2004 – 27 February 2005
Further Evidence Based information is available from:
The Meningococcal B Epidemic
- Annual reports and epidemic summary: National Reference lab, ESR (Environmental Science & Research Ltd) www.esr.cri.nz
- Weekly updates on Ministry of Health web site www.moh.govt.nz
- Regional epidemic information – contact local Public Health Units
- Published literature including The Lancet and Vaccine Journals
The Development and Manufacture of
- The vaccine data sheet is available from Medsafe www.medsafe.govt.nz
- Overview: Meningococcal information web site www.immunise.moh.govt.nz
- Making of MeNZB™ article www.immune.org.nz
- Published literature on the Norwegian vaccine, The Cuban vaccine, Group b meningococcal vaccines and MeNZB™ available from Pubmed, including The Lancet and Vaccine Journals
- The manufacturer of MeNZB™ is Chiron Corporation: www.chiron.com
Safety of MeNZB™
& Outer membrane Protein (OMV) vaccines
- CARM Centre for Adverse Reaction Monitoring, University of Otago http://carm.otago.ac.nz/index.asp?link=carm
- Meningococcal information web site www.immunise.moh.govt.nz for detail on design of the safety monitoring programme
- Independent Safety Monitoring Board – for progress reports on the safety monitoring outcomes to date available from www.immunise.moh.govt.nz
- Clinical Trial results summarised on www.immunise.moh.govt.nz details available online from Pubmed, including The Lancet and Vaccine Journals, or researchers at University of Auckland & Norwegian Institute of Public Health
Meningococcal B and MeNZB ™ vaccines
- Summary of study designs to establish efficacy and effectiveness data : Plotkin Orenstein, Vaccines fourth Edition, Saunders, Pennsylvania 2004.
- Clinical trial results : summarised on www.immunise.moh.govt.nz details available from Pubmed, including The Lancet and Vaccine Journals, or researchers at University of Auckland & Norwegian Institute of Public Health
- Overview of standard medication licensing processes available from Medsafe www.medsafe.govt.nz
- New Zealand Gazette Thursday, July 08, 2004 www.medsafe.govt.nz
- New Zealand Gazette Thursday, February 03, 2005 www.medsafe.govt.nz
Public Health Policy
- Office of the Minister of Health