Immunisation Week: thousands of Kiwi kids saved from disease
World Immunisation Week marks thousands of Kiwi kids saved from disease
22 April 2013: While there will always be concerns about how to improve population health, World Immunisation Week is a good time to note New Zealand success in saving thousands of children from serious diseases, Dr Stewart Reid, a general practitioner and former long-term immunisation advisor to the Ministry of Health, said today.
“Because you don’t actually see the benefits in a child who might otherwise have been unwell, it’s easy to forget how many healthy children would have been sick or dead if not for our National Immunisation Programme,” he said.
“For example, without measles vaccinations over the last ten years we would have seen another 200-600 deaths and 300 cases of brain damage,” he said.1
“We are also seeing great success with more recently introduced vaccines. For instance, since the introduction of pneumococcal vaccination in 2008 there has been a 97% reduction in severe diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia and blood poisoning caused by vaccine targets in kids younger than two years.2 New Zealand studies are also currently assessing the impact on debilitating childhood ear infections, where we hope to see a significant reduction.
“Overall, national vaccination coverage of two-year-olds has increased from around 50% in 2007 to nearly 95% in 2012; with these improvements we can expect to see further reductions in vaccine-preventable disease.3
“These gains are a real cause for celebration. The overall reduction in disease will have huge benefits for the people directly affected, families, and costs to the broader community.”
The World Health Organization, who organise World Immunisation Week, has found that only clean water and antibiotics have had as big an impact on childhood death and diseases as vaccines.4
New Zealand has seen big gains in immunisation coverage and timeliness, expanded funding for whooping cough and flu vaccines and growing support for recent calls for funding of new vaccines, such as the rotavirus vaccine.3,5–7
“New Zealand is succeeding because of a strong national commitment to disease prevention, the engagement of DHBs and general practitioners in good systems for early enrolment, and the support of parents and the public who want to ensure children are protected,” he said.
Note to editors
1. Turner N. Immunisation: Brief Update. Presentation at the Goodfellow Symposium, March 2013, Auckland. Available at: http://www.goodfellowsymposium.org/presentations/. Accessed 22 April 2013.
2. Ministry of Health. HealthEd, Childhood Immunisation 2011. Available at: https://www.healthed.govt.nz/resource/childhood-immunisation. Accessed 18 April 2013.
3. Ministry of Health. Targeting Immunisation: Increased Immunisation. Available at: http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/targeting-immunisation-increased-immunisation. Accessed 18 April 2013.
4. Plotkin S, Orenstein W, Offit P. Chapter 1 - A short history of vaccination. Expert Consult. Vaccines. 2011.
5. Ministry of Health. Fax to GPs – Free pertussis vaccination for pregnant women, 2013 flu programme, IMAC holiday hours 2012. Available at: http://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/preventative-health-wellness/immunisation/updates-immunisation. Accessed 18 April 2013.
6. PHARMAC. Amendment to influenza vaccine funding criteria 2013. Available at: http://www.immune.org.nz/news/amendment-influenza-vaccine-funding-criteria. Accessed 18 April 2013.
7. Paediatric Society of New Zealand. Paediatric Society Position Statement on Rotavirus Immunisation 2013. Available at: http://www.paediatrics.org.nz/files/2013/Rotavirus%20Immunisation%20Position%20FINAL%202013.pdf. Accessed 18 April 2013.
Dr Stewart Reid
Since 1978, Stewart has been and still is a Lower Hutt GP who has dabbled in vaccinology since 1980. He has been involved in advising government on vaccination policy and has played a role in writing the NZ Immunisation Handbook. He has also played a part in the Group B meningococcal vaccination programme and in the licensure of several vaccines in current and past use in NZ.