News Video | Policy | GPs | Hospitals | Medical | Mental Health | Welfare | Search

 


Multipurpose prevention tech can transform women's health

Shobha Shukla,

Millions of women and around the world are still unable to protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Over 1 million people contract a sexually transmitted infection every day, half of whom are young people - mostly women. In fact women are 5 times more likely to get STIs than men. Also, currently 222 million women have an unmet need for contraception and approximately 290,000 women in developing countries die from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth every year.

While in India unmet need of contraception has remained static around 15-21% since the last one decade, Philippines has the highest rate of teen pregnancy in the ASEAN region recording a 70% increase in teen pregnancy in the past decade.

The consequence of unsafe sex is a great public health challenge of our times. Women risk unintended pregnancies, as well as HIV and other infections, leading to high rates of maternal and child mortality. With 86 million unintended pregnancies around the world every year and a young woman getting infected with HIV every minute, women need user-friendly products that provide more comprehensive protection.

The female condom is perhaps one of the very few currently available female-initiated method that provides multiple protections against a range of STIs including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. It also provides bi-directional protection to both partners. However, although female condoms were approved by the US FDA in 1993, more than 20 years later even today they represent only 1% of all condoms distributed worldwide. In India they are still far from being available and accessible to women, while male condom use continues to hover around 5% despite it being an effective multipurpose prevention option for STIs and unintended pregnancies.

Multipurpose Prevention Technologies
Multipurpose Prevention Technologies (MPTs) for sexual and reproductive health are new tools in development that are designed to address multiple sexual and reproductive health needs, including prevention of unintended pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases including HIV, and other reproductive tract infections (RTIs). MPTs that are safe, acceptable, affordable and easily available would save lives and money and improve the health of women and their families across the world.

Promising and innovative MPTs in the pipeline include multipurpose vaccines and gels, easier to use vaginal rings and single sized diaphragms that may provide simultaneous protection against unintended pregnancy and STIs and have a major impact on the health of women and their families. New microbicide gels can lead to declines in HIV and STIs while contraceptive technologies appropriate for dual use can increase the positive global health impacts of family planning.

While speaking to Citizen News Service (CNS) at the 7th Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health and Rights (7th APCRSHR) being held in Manila, Jeross Aguilar, Chairperson, Youth Steering Committee, Family Planning Organization of the Philippines (FPOP) and Member of International Steering Committee of 7th APCRSHR said: "MPTs can be great tools to empower women and improve their sexual and reproductive health. Devices like intra-uterine devices (IUDs), male and female condoms, all should be available free of cost, if possible, to those in need. Women should have a wide variety of choices, which are most conducive to their life style, available when it comes to choosing family planning techniques as no one method suits all. Some women may not like taking pills and maybe more amenable to using injectables or IUDs. So while there should be more research to have better devices, merely inventing new and better techniques is not enough. It is equally important to make them freely available and informing people adequately about their use to remove the stigma and misconceptions surrounding them. I feel that to increase male condom use we need to change the method of propaganda and promote it innovatively. We need to propagate that one who uses the condom and understands and respects the women is a cool and responsible guy. 'You are not a man if you do not use condoms'; 'it is sexy and cool to use condoms'; 'a man who does not use a condom is irresponsible'; 'you are cool if you respect women' - these are the kind of slogans and advertising we need."

MPTs, many of them though still in the research and development stage, can empower women, make them healthier and improve their economic opportunities. These products that can simultaneously address multiple sexual and reproductive health needs of women will go a long way in helping policymakers meet multiple health and development goals.

A survey, facilitated by CNS and Initiative of Multipurpose Prevention Technologies for Reproductive Health (IMPTs), is also being carried out with delegates of 7th APCRSHR. This survey was earlier carried out at International Conference on Family Planning 2013, 11th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (11th ICAAP) and International Conference on AIDS and STIs in Africa (ICASA) 2013. (CNS)

ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
Culture Headlines | Health Headlines | Education Headlines

 
Culture: Rare Hundertwasser Conservation Posters Found After 40 Years

When Jan and Arnold Heine put a roll of conservation posters into storage in 1974 they had no idea that 42 years later they would be collectors items. More>>

Scoop Review Of Books: The Stolen Island: Searching for ‘Ata by Scott Hamilton

Reviewed by Michael Horowitz
Located even further south than temperate Noumea, Tonga’s tiny island of ‘Ata might have become the jewel of the kingdom’s burgeoning tourist industry. Imagine a Tongan resort that would not only be mild in winter, but pleasant in summer. More>>

Reviewed by Michael Horowitz
Located even further south than temperate Noumea, Tonga’s tiny island of ‘Ata might have become the jewel of the kingdom’s burgeoning tourist industry. Imagine a Tongan resort that would not only be mild in winter, but pleasant in summer. More>>

Scoop Review Of Books: No Pretence. No Bullshit. Fine Poem.

John Dickson doesn’t publish much; never has. Indeed, this new collection is his first such in 18 years. As he wryly and dryly states,

I’ve published two slim volumes, and spent all
My time working on the next.
(from Wasp p.67) More>>

Scoop Review of Books: Extraordinary Anywhere: Essays On Place From Aotearoa NZ

The New Zealand landscape undoubtedly is very beautiful, but so is the British one, and my attachment to this country is much more about some particular places, and the memories and emotions that in them combine, than it is about the landscape as a whole. More>>

Canonisation Fodder: Suzanne Aubert Declared ‘Venerable’

Suzanne Aubert, the founder of the Sisters of Compassion New Zealand’s home grown order of Sisters, has been declared ‘venerable’, a major milestone on the path to sainthood in the Catholic Church. More>>

“I Have Not Performed Well Enough”: Ernie Merrick Leaving Wellington Phoenix

Ernie Merrick has stepped down from his position as Wellington Phoenix FC Head Coach. The club would like to thank Ernie for his contribution to Wellington Phoenix and wish him all the best in his future endeavours. More>>

Ray Columbus: NZ Music Icon Passes Away

60s New Zealand music Icon Ray Columbus has passed away peacefully at his home north of Auckland... Ray Columbus enjoyed more than three decades at the top of NZ entertainment as a singer, songwriter, bandleader, music manager and TV star. More>>

Review: Bernard Herrmann's Scores For 'Vertigo' & 'Psycho'

Howard Davis: The NZSO's adventurousness was richly-rewarded, as the deeply appreciative Wellington audience was given the opportunity not only to see a couple of Alfred Hitchcock's greatest films, but also to hear fine renditions of two of Bernard Herrmann's most accomplished film scores. More>>

ALSO:

Get More From Scoop

 
 

LATEST HEADLINES

 
 
 
 
Health
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news