Book Reviews | Gordon Campbell | News Flashes | Scoop Features | Scoop Video | Strange & Bizarre | Search


Eco-Economy: The Student Loans Scam


The Student Loans Scam

….From Don Bethune of

Researchers for this story have been constantly frustrated at the mixture of deviousness and / or ignorance of people you would expect to know the answers to basic and relevant questions. We feel provoked into listing the names of MP’s and their weird answers to the straight question, “Where did the funds originate to meet the current $3.5 Billion Student Loan Debt?” WINZ, who handle the actual funds, have provided several quite different answers. One referred to the wording on the Student Contract. It asserts that the loan is from the Queen, which might impress and satisfy a 6 year old, but not us.

Another, in more helpful mood, replied that WestpacTrust won the contract to supply WINZ with banking services, but when we asked if that would include overdraft facilities, clammed up. Another inquirer was told that they were appropriations from Parliament, but the question of whether the loans deficit formed part of the National Debt was ignored. What raised our eyebrows most was a note at the end of the message saying that if this information was intended for someone else, it must be destroyed!

When the whole Loans Scheme can be shown as unnecessary, but forced on to the community by government legislation, then it can rightly be described as a scam, so let’s consider some fundamental questions to see whether it is actually necessary.

In essence, the tertiaries concerned, being mainly polytechs and universities have to set up a loans contract with every student wanting to borrow money for survival and fees. This not only has to be paid back, but allowing for concessions while studying, interest will be compounded until both interest and principal are fully paid off. It is accepted that those who are not continuously employed at or above the average wage, their debt may continue growing right through their lives and involve more in interest than the initial borrowing. People who for whatever reason cannot get or hold down a job at even minimum wage rates can be expected to die with a loan debt several times the size of their initial borrowing unless there is a change.

With the State ostensibly guaranteeing these loans, what happens on death? The inference is that the state as guarantor will have to pay off individual debts to the lender, but those who administer the lending are very reluctant to say anything at all. Enquirers just get fobbed off.

Does the borrowing or mortgaging process actually make any resources available which are not available now? The answer is clearly “no”. Main costs in education involve human resources; teaching; sustenance of students (which means food, clothing, and shelter which humans need whether they are studying or not); and use of equipment, which has to be provided even for small numbers of students, and so increased student numbers can be serviced to some extent by re-scheduled usage rather than increased equipment numbers. This means that with human resources being the main so-called cost in education, and those being mainly in existence here and now, it is mainly irrelevant whether students go into debt to study or not. In the last 12 months between Waikato Polytechnic and Massey University alone 120 qualified staffers have been made redundant. Student loans do not make any resources available which are not already in existence, and literally crying out to be used. So the implied need for borrowing to provide “unavailable” resources is inaccurate. Either resources are available, or they are not! The alternative “accurate” shortage of budgeted funds is different altogether. Now see if the borrowing does really involve taking the ownership of something belonging to someone else, or some other quite different mechanism.

Although there is difficulty in obtaining details of just what bank it is which has the lucrative privilege of funding the Student Loans Scheme, it is agreed that is it being bank funded. Everyone who has done Stage 3 Economics knows that banks cannot lend their liabilities – which their Deposits are – and so their so-called “lending” is actually creating credits in their books out of thin air, which increases the money supply as it is drawn on, and lends that to the students, at a commercial rate of interest. Currently that is 7% per annum.


While this may come as a shock, especially to people who diligently took their 10 cents to school every week to bank so businesses were able to borrow it, the facts are quite different. Bank loans are new credit, created out of nothing, within what are thought to be prudent margins, usually backed by the borrowers assets, but in this case the government’s own guarantee.

It is then transferred as a credit into the student’s tertiary Fees or into his / her bank account for spending and adding on to whatever debt he or she may already have. Then, leaving out interest while students are still studying, the bank acquires customers by the thousand, many into lifelong bondage at compound commercial interest. All the physical work of form filling, identity checking and so on is done by tertiary administration staff and WINZ; while the government automatically backs every loan as the guarantor.

Now if the bank was actually lending something it had borrowed from another party and was paying them for the use of it, and sharing some of the risk of borrower defaults, it may not seem so repugnant when stripped of the surrounding myths. Viz: The government requires administration staff it indirectly pays to sign up students as bank debtors, knowing that by using its commercial license the bank will create new credit to build up potentially perpetual interest-bearing debts in favour of itself and then, after all that, the government also guarantees the repayment of principal as well as accumulated interest.

Not only is it clear that the scheme itself fails to bring into existence educational resources which are not already crying out to be used, but if that amount of credit is needed for distributing existing resources then it can and morally should be created by the government’s own Reserve Bank. On past performance it did for decades finance state accounts, public works, dairy co-operatives and so on at an actual cost down to only 1% per annum. There is no question of its ability to do this because from when the first Labour Government bought up the ownership of the Reserve Bank, it did these things almost continuously for the next 20 years. And Godzone benefited by the greatest increase in living standards at any time in its history. Naturally this did irritate commercial banks and their political friends.


Consequences of large student debts at commercial rates of interest are extensive, and both financial, and psychological, with negative implications all round. These include:

? Student debt encourages trained people to go overseas to earn bigger wages to be debt free much sooner. ? It then discourages them from returning, at least until they are debt-free, depriving NZ industry of their services and skills for many years. ? It reduces their ability to secure a home or other stake in the country which involves taking on debt, which is a criteria distinguishing solid citizens from the others. ? For the population sector which accepts the invitation promoted to them by the tertiaries, this means signing into bondage, but if for whatever reasons they find themselves unable to get work at pay related to bobtailed or unconsummated qualifications, one has to contemplate long periods of unemployment, these people become social time bombs. ? Debts create a social and ethnic time bomb in this way: The individual with a high debt, and inability to draw the rate of pay he was given to expect, sees this system as a government controlled swindle: His “luckier” friends are able to wipe their debt and then buy equity into some sort of appreciating property, while the debt he was forced into, has not only failed to give him a fat meal ticket, but because of the compounding of interest to the bank, which he probably suspects with an element of truth created the figures out of nothing, will be a millstone round his neck for the rest of his life – “so if society double-crosses me like this, who can blame me for lashing out when I try to escape?”

Many institutional inmates have rationalised along these lines in the past, when education was virtually free, but the potential for that number to increase dramatically is obvious if the state persists with the present policies.

Nor is there much chance of the government defending its policies in frank debate if the relevant facts are exposed to the public gaze.


This discussion sees the government on the back foot with the questions that the generation running the country were all educated at state expense, and since then we’ve had the technological revolution, so why can’t the country now educate the young even easier than before? Or are the young in some way picking up the tab for the sky rocketing growth of the previously minimal number of filthy rich?

It cannot be held that the Loans Scheme makes resources available which are not there available for use regardless. Even if that is overlooked, and we accept that for economic reasons there needs to be an increase in the M1 Money total, then the present scheme of using commercial banks is so indefensible that it moves into the area of legislative treason.

The essence of the existing arrangement is so gold plated for commercial banks that when the facts come out, cynics will be asking whether this is continuing as an agreed Labour-and-National policy deal with the banking world? Or is it a golden handshake for a particular piece of Labour legislation or for financial help in elections?

At present, with fees and living costs above the income threshold of most students, they are offered funding for the shortfall under the Student Loans Scheme and institution or government staff supervise and process all the paperwork, and in due course, hopefully with less botch ups than before, the credit figures flow into the correct accounts, and can then be spent. It all looks straightforward.

But what the public neither sees nor understands, up to the present, is what is really happening. To minimise misunderstandings it will be described in simple terms.

As the thousands of forms are filled in and processed and eventually approved, the credit figures start flowing into the right bank accounts, and innocent recipients may find themselves thinking how fortunate it is that the generous bank is allowing them to have the use of other people’s deposits so they can finish getting educated. But those of us who look behind the bankers’ façade know that the deposit-lending myth has as little substance as the tooth fairy and is only used to pacify a misinformed public.


In reality, the bank that the government has given the privilege of providing these funds, like all other licensed banks, just increases the deficit figures in its computer system to cover the loans, and transfers that into the appropriate bank accounts.

Although there is a widespread misconception still being promulgated by friends of the banking sector to the contrary, the truth of the matter is that commercial banks cannot and never have lent their deposits, but instead create new credit out of nothing, limited only by opportunities and the group concept of what is prudent. That newly created credit is the figures lent to students, and for which they in effect accept a lifetime bondage for it. And behind them, the state also stands as a guarantor to the bank. Also standing over them when they do get to work is their employer who must at his own administration cost deduct prescribed amounts from every week’s pay to service the continuing Student Loans. In effect the employer becomes an unpaid collector of principal and interest for the bank, as he has also become for the state. And you can guess how high is the “prudent” limit when there’s a state guarantee to repay it? The sky’s the limit. Note also that the favoured bank, like others, does not lend against its assets, but either the assets of the guarantor or of the borrower, yet the new credit it is allowed to create is treated as its own – and you risk going to jail if you try to rob a bank of that ownership. This issue of ownership of what many see as really community credit should also be put on the table for public debate. But firstly we should recognise what is involved in the Student Loans scam, and see how it could and should be handled without giving golden handshakes to some of the world’s biggest businesses.

For anyone who may have doubt about whether bank loans are creations of new credit, all of the three Royal Monetary Commission’s reached the same conclusions in different countries and times, the NZ, the Canadian, and UK (MacMillan) Commissions, and those reports are still readily accessible.

We know that it is new credit being pumped into the Student Loan scheme, and it is public knowledge that it is drawing commercial rates of interest, around 7%, compound, so for those who cannot pay interest or principal it will double its size about every 11 years. That published figures already say Student Loans are approaching $4 billion indicates that if not nipped in the proverbial bud it will escalate like the proverbial pet tiger.


The worst aspect is the immorality of existing arrangements. As the sovereign NZ Government has its own bank and in past decades has with excellent social results used it for all sorts of purposes from financing dairy co-operatives, to public works, house building, and so on, at down to 1% interest, there is no possible question of whether the Reserve Bank is able to create the necessary credit to use existing physical resources. And furthermore, it can do it for only a fraction of the existing costs.

There is even the option, if the Government wanted to use it, of the loans being made suspensory so that subject to certain conditions qualifying loans could be literally written off in the future. Such was done extensively after World War II with the 3% business and farm purchase loans.

The existing situation, in which the government has the demonstrated ability to create and lend students whatever credit is necessary to continue their education at only a fraction of the commercial costs, sets a benchmark. Against this, for the government to instead legislatively force the students into the arms of wealthy debt merchants to fleece them mercilessly for years or decades is not too distant from the state as a heartless parent selling its children into financial slavery.

While the N.Z. public is watching the Education Minister run for cover, Minister of Finance Cullen and Prime Minister Clark should be asked when and how the existing “scam” is going to be terminated and replaced by something honest and favouring kiwis rather than wealthy foreign bankers?


- republished with the permission of

© Scoop Media

Top Scoops Headlines


Werewolf: Living With Rio’s Olympic Ruins

Mariana Cavalcanti Critics of the Olympic project can point a discernible pattern in the delivery of Olympics-related urban interventions: the belated but rushed inaugurations of faulty and/or unfinished infrastructures... More>>

Live Blog On Now: Open Source//Open Society Conference

The second annual Open Source Open Society Conference is a 2 day event taking place on 22-23 August 2016 at Michael Fowler Centre in Wellington… Scoop is hosting a live blog summarising the key points of this exciting conference. More>>



Gordon Campbell: On The Politicising Of The War On Drugs In Sport

It hasn’t been much fun at all to see how “war on drugs in sport” has become a proxy version of the Cold War, fixated on Russia. This weekend’s banning of the Russian long jumper Darya Klishina took that fixation to fresh extremes. More>>


Binoy Kampmark: Kevin Rudd’s Failed UN Secretary General Bid

Few sights are sadder in international diplomacy than seeing an aging figure desperate for honours. In a desperate effort to net them, he scurries around, cultivating, prodding, wishing to be noted. Finally, such an honour is netted, in all likelihood just to shut that overly keen individual up. More>>

Open Source / Open Society: The Scoop Foundation - An Open Model For NZ Media

Access to accurate, relevant and timely information is a crucial aspect of an open and transparent society. However, in our digital society information is in a state of flux with every aspect of its creation, delivery and consumption undergoing profound redefinition... More>>

Keeping Out The Vote: Gordon Campbell On The US Elections

I’ll focus here on just two ways that dis-enfranchisement is currently occurring in the US: (a) by the rigging of the boundary lines for voter districts and (b) by demanding elaborate photo IDs before people are allowed to cast their vote. More>>

Ramzy Baroud: Being Black Palestinian - Solidarity As A Welcome Pathology

It should come as no surprise that the loudest international solidarity that accompanied the continued spate of the killing of Black Americans comes from Palestine; that books have already been written and published by Palestinians about the plight of their Black brethren. In fact, that solidarity is mutual. More>>


Get More From Scoop

Top Scoops
Search Scoop  
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news