Book Reviews | Gordon Campbell | News Flashes | Scoop Features | Scoop Video | Strange & Bizarre | Search

 


Govts And NGOs Fail To Address Sex Trafficking

Governments And NGOs Have Failed To Address Sex Trafficking


By Kamala Sarup

Most of the governments are failing to address a rampant sex trafficking in women. It was clear that poorer people, particularly women and children living in less developed areas, were socially and economically the most vulnerable. Sex trafficking generally occurs from less developed countries. On the other hand, open borders, bad governance conflict and poverty are the main reasons for women's trafficking in developing countries. However, the lower socio-economic development have also further made trafficking and prostitution severe.

According to Indian report "India is a source, transit and destination for these activities and for forced labour. Bangladeshi and Nepali women are trafficked to India or transit through India en route to Pakistan and West Asia. India is also a growing destination for sex tourists from Europe, US, and other Western countries".

Sex trafficking violates all forms of human rights and dignity. With no freedom of choice, women are exploited and forced to lead a life of indignity, social stigma, debt and a host of ailments, including AIDS.

Most of the time governments could not formulate a comprehensive policy to deal with this situation. Rescue and rehabilitation are grossly inadequate. Besides comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation, continued anti-corruption and sensitisation training for law enforcement and government officials would help. Severe penalties for complicity are essential too.

Women are double victims of AIDS when they are trafficked and subjected to likely HIV infection. Traffickers also lure children and women from their homes with promises of high-paid jobs.

Women are facing many grave human rights abuses, and trafficking is surely one of the worst

The governments and NGOs are also fails to provide basic protections to women and children who flee their traffickers.

The women trafficking is turning out to be a lucrative business than drug and arms-trafficking. Even Human Rights Watch said The U.S. State Department's third annual trafficking in persons report fails to meaningfully evaluate governments' efforts to combat trafficking in persons.

The governments and NGOs must address trafficking because children and women were often betrayed, compelled or induced into trafficking by friends, and family. Tragically, the sexual exploitation of trafficked children and the HIV/AIDS epidemic go hand in hand and are a threat to all of society.

For example In Thailand, a 10% decrease in school enrollment at primary school level suggests that more children than ever are turning to the sex market instead of attending school (ECPAT, "Impact of the Asian Economic Crisis on Child Prostitution," May 1999). The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reports that, "human trafficking is the only excape route for many genuine refugees who flee persecution in Europe" (UNHCR, "Trafficking and Smuggling of Refugees: The End game of European Asylum Policy?," July 2000). The UNHCR also reports that although Europe treats Afghans and Iraqis as illegal migrants, these people are Europe's most smuggled and trafficked nationalities. In the Balkans, threats of civil war breaking out between the Slavs and Albanians in Macedonia have decreased tourism, and the economy is growing worse. Meanwhile, selling women's bodies for cheap sex remains a steady, lucrative business for the captors and pimps (UNICEF, "Trafficking in Human Beings in Southeastern Europe," June 2002).

War provides a breeding ground for certain forms of sexual exploitation such as trafficking. Conflict also forces many women and young girls to prostitute themselves in order to make a living. Violence against women, particularly domestic violence often increases after conflicts.

For the first time, SAARC addressed the issue of trafficking only in its Ninth Summit held in Maldives, in 12-14 May 1997. The heads of state or government agreed to mention in its declaration expressing grave concern at the trafficking of women and children within and between countries, the heads of state or government pledged to coordinate their efforts and take effective measures to address this problem. They decided that existing legislation in member states should be strengthened and strictly enforced. This should include simplification of repatriation procedures for victims of Violence.

But poverty, lack of employment opportunities, elites, lack of consciousness, social discrimination between son and daughter, gender biased laws, incomplete and weak laws prevailing about trafficking in humans control, lack of political commitment for seeking problem solution are the root causes for the continuation and increasement of sex trafficking.

Women's problems are similar in many countries. Lack of commitment and policy implementation pose as obstacles in solving the crisis. But still why the governments have not been able to come out with concrete and effective programs to curb this problems.

Indeed, the governments and NGOs needs to act actively to abolish the practices of sex trafficking. Because of educating and providing opportunities for women, the governments and NGOs would be doing service not to the women alone but in checking the spread of disease like AIDS which might one day engulf the whole generation. Lack of education, awareness and opportunities has contributed to the rise of sex trafficking.

ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
Top Scoops Headlines

 

Werewolf: Living With Rio’s Olympic Ruins

Mariana Cavalcanti Critics of the Olympic project can point a discernible pattern in the delivery of Olympics-related urban interventions: the belated but rushed inaugurations of faulty and/or unfinished infrastructures... More>>

Live Blog On Now: Open Source//Open Society Conference

The second annual Open Source Open Society Conference is a 2 day event taking place on 22-23 August 2016 at Michael Fowler Centre in Wellington… Scoop is hosting a live blog summarising the key points of this exciting conference. More>>

ALSO:

Buildup:

Gordon Campbell: On The Politicising Of The War On Drugs In Sport

It hasn’t been much fun at all to see how “war on drugs in sport” has become a proxy version of the Cold War, fixated on Russia. This weekend’s banning of the Russian long jumper Darya Klishina took that fixation to fresh extremes. More>>

ALSO:

Binoy Kampmark: Kevin Rudd’s Failed UN Secretary General Bid

Few sights are sadder in international diplomacy than seeing an aging figure desperate for honours. In a desperate effort to net them, he scurries around, cultivating, prodding, wishing to be noted. Finally, such an honour is netted, in all likelihood just to shut that overly keen individual up. More>>

Open Source / Open Society: The Scoop Foundation - An Open Model For NZ Media

Access to accurate, relevant and timely information is a crucial aspect of an open and transparent society. However, in our digital society information is in a state of flux with every aspect of its creation, delivery and consumption undergoing profound redefinition... More>>

Keeping Out The Vote: Gordon Campbell On The US Elections

I’ll focus here on just two ways that dis-enfranchisement is currently occurring in the US: (a) by the rigging of the boundary lines for voter districts and (b) by demanding elaborate photo IDs before people are allowed to cast their vote. More>>

Ramzy Baroud: Being Black Palestinian - Solidarity As A Welcome Pathology

It should come as no surprise that the loudest international solidarity that accompanied the continued spate of the killing of Black Americans comes from Palestine; that books have already been written and published by Palestinians about the plight of their Black brethren. In fact, that solidarity is mutual. More>>

ALSO:


Get More From Scoop

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Top Scoops
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news