Top Scoops

Book Reviews | Gordon Campbell | Scoop News | Wellington Scoop | Community Scoop | Search

 

Former land war battle site deemed sacred

John Boynton, Te Manu Korihi Reporter

Heritage New Zealand has listed one of the central battle sites of the northern land wars as a wāhi tapu or sacred area.

Ohaeawai Pa, St
Michael's church was built on the pa site in 1871 Photo:
RNZ/Dan Cook

Ohaeawai Pa, St Michael's church was built on the pa site in 1871 Photo: RNZ/Dan Cook

The battle site at Ohaeawai near Kaikohe, where Te Ruki Kawiti successfully defended Ohaeawai pā against British forces, has been made a wāhi tapu.

Under the Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga Act a wāhi tapu is defined as a place sacred to Māori in the traditional, spiritual, religious, ritual or mythological sense.

On 1 July, 1845, almost 600 troops and 300 warriors of Tāmati Wāka Nene besieged about 100 men at a pā at Ōhaeawai led by Lieutenant Colonel Despard.

Heritage New Zealand northern pouārahi (leader) Atareiria Heihei said the pā at Ōhaeawai was tapu to Ngāti Rangi as a place of battle and bloodshed.

The pā site also includes an urupā which stands in the middle of Te Whare Karakia o Mikaere (St Michael's Church).

Te Ruki Kawiti held off the attack on the highly intricate and fortified pā of Ngāti Rangi chief Pene Taui.

"The fortifications were ground-breaking in every way, and became one of the prototypes for gunfighter warfare in later engagements," Ms Heihei said.

The pā had two palisades - including a strong inner fence made of puriri logs set almost two metres into the ground with five metres of log standing above ground.

Ms Heihei said the solid palisades of the inner fence had withstood the artillery attack and remained intact, preventing the British from entering the pā.

Meanwhile, the firing trenches proved devastatingly effective against the attackers.

"Within seven minutes of the attack beginning, over 47 of the attackers lay dead with about 70 more injured. The attack was an unmitigated disaster."

By 8 July, the pā was found to have been abandoned and the defenders had disappeared into the night. Lieutenant Colonel Despard suffered a defeat.

"He was to experience similar frustration at Ruapekapeka, where he would be confronted once again by an almost impregnable pā," Ms Heihei said.


© Scoop Media

 
 
 
Top Scoops Headlines

 

Joseph Cederwall: Building a Community Newsroom

A combination of new technology, ideas, institutions and business models and a renewed energy and commitment by the Scoop team, means Scoop aims to be at the forefront of the development of this renaissance that we term ‘News 3.0’. More>>

ALSO:

Scoop 3.0: Saving The News

Scoop Co-Founder Alastair Thompson - One of the saddest aspects of the decline of the news industry, not just here in NZ - but everywhere, is that it often seems invisible, in large part because news is a confidence business... More>>

ALSO:

Gordon Campbell: On Why The Highly Educated Vote Centre-Left

In March of this year, the French economist Thomas Piketty published a paper tracing the political journey that the university-educated have taken across the political spectrum in the past 70 years... More>>

Gordon Campbell: On Elizabeth Warren’s Plan To save Capitalism

Over the past six weeks, Massachusetts senator Elizabeth Warren has emerged from the pack as Trump’s likely Democratic rival in 2020... As set out in the Accountable Capitalism Act she launched in August, Warren aims to rein in those market forces. More>>