Gordon Campbell | Parliament TV | Parliament Today | News Video | Crime | Employers | Housing | Immigration | Legal | Local Govt. | Maori | Welfare | Unions | Youth | Search

 

Treaty Tribes - The Optimum Allocation Model


BACKGROUND

THE OPTIMUM ALLOCATION MODEL

The Optimum Allocation Model is the agreed mechanism for allocating “pre-settlement” fisheries assets to iwi, including inshore and deepwater quota, shares in Moana Pacific Fisheries and cash. The model was developed by the Treaty of Waitangi Fisheries Commission through a five-year consultation process from 1993 to 1998 and achieved the support of 76 percent of iwi representing more than 63 percent of Mäori.

The background to the model is that, in 1988, the Waitangi Tribunal found that iwi had an exclusive right to inshore fisheries and a Treaty of Waitangi right to share with the wider community in the development of deepwater fisheries.

This finding led to the 1989 interim settlement and the 1992 final Settlement. The interim settlement delivered assets now worth $350 million and the final Settlement delivered additional assets now worth a further $350 million. These assets were to be temporarily managed by the Treaty of Waitangi Fisheries Commission while a method to allocate them to iwi was worked out.

The Optimum Allocation Model, developed from 1993 to 1998, takes into account the different views of different iwi. Through the consultation process, a population-based formula tended to be favoured more by large iwi in the north of the North Island, stressing the development side of the 1988 Waitangi Tribunal decision. A coastline-based formula tended to be favoured by tribes on the east coasts of both islands, stressing the exclusive rights side of the decision. These different views tended to reflect differences in population and coastline among iwi.

The compromise developed by the five-year consultation process and which has received the support of the overwhelming majority of Mäori is the OAM. It involves the following distribution:

 Inshore quota on a coastline basis, so an iwi with 20% of the coastline of one quota management area for one fishstock receives that percentage of quota for that fishstock in that area.

 Deepwater quota (for fisheries caught in water 300m or deeper) with 50% allocated on a coastline basis and 50% on a population basis, so if an iwi has 20% of the entire iwi affiliate population of Aotearoa it receives 20% of this half of the deepwater fishery. The iwi affiliate population is based on the 1996 Census.

 Shares in Moana Pacific Fisheries to be allocated to iwi in proportion to the entire quota volume allocated to each iwi.

 $40 million cash to be allocated on the basis of population.

 $10 million cash to be vested in a Development Putea trust fund targeted at those Mäori who might not otherwise benefit from the Settlement, such as those who cannot establish or have no close contact with their iwi.

The model also involves a dispute resolution process and requirements that iwi structures demonstrate mandate and are accountable to their people.

Despite being finalised in 1998, the model has not been implemented because of the technical legal challenges of a few individuals. No other model has been developed for allocation, let alone one with such overwhelming support.

END


© Scoop Media

 
 
 
Parliament Headlines | Politics Headlines | Regional Headlines

PM's Press Conference: Pike Re-Entry Agency

At today's post-cabinet press conference Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern was joined by Minister Responsible for Pike River Re-entry Andrew Little to announce plans for the new agency for re-entry of the mine.

The Pike River Recovery Agency, Te Kahui Whakamana Rua Tekau ma Iwa, will be officially established on 31 January 2018 and will work with the Pike River families with the intention of manned entry of the drift before March 2019. More>>

 

Foreign Affairs: Patrick Gower Interviews Jacinda Ardern

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern says discussions have already begun on how to bring climate change refugees into New Zealand under a Pacific seasonal employment plan... More>>

ALSO:

Gordon Campbell: On The Centre Right’s Love Of ‘Nanny State’

You’d almost think it was 2005 again. That was a time when the rugged individualists of the centre-right were being beset by government regulations on the nature of light-bulbs, the size of shower heads, the junk food available at school tuck shops and other such essentials... More>>

Speaking Of Transport: Public Engagement On Wellington Scenarios

“Our work on possible solutions for Wellington’s transport future is ongoing, but has progressed to the stage where we’re ready to share our ideas with the public and seek their feedback to help guide our next steps...” More>>

ALSO:

Parental Leave: National's Time-Sharing Change Fails

National has proposed a change to the Parental Leave and Employment Protection Amendment Bill that would allow both parents to take paid parental leave at the same time, if that is what suits them best. More>>

ALSO:

Train Free Thursday: Workers Strike To Defend Terms Of Employment

"They signed up to these conditions a year ago when they got the contract for Wellington's rail services. Now they're trying to increase profits by squeezing frontline workers." More>>

ALSO:

Seclusion: Ombudsman Emphasises Importance Of Monitoring

Disability Rights Commissioner Paula Tesoriero says that while there have been changes to the Education (Update) Amendment Act 2017 to prohibit the use of seclusion, the report is an important reminder of the importance of regular monitoring of schools. More>>

ALSO:

 
 
 
 
 

LATEST HEADLINES

  • PARLIAMENT
  • POLITICS
  • REGIONAL
 
 

Featured InfoPages

Opening the Election