WTO: Dangerous fudge – not victory for multilateralism
Geneva. 1 August 2004—Greenpeace warned that the WTO deal in Geneva--agreed many hours after an alleged “drop dead” deadline--is a face-saving exercise that is likely to result in further trade liberalisation at the expense of people and the environment. The deal is designed to allow governments to claim that the WTO trade system is intact, despite massive opposition to its negative social and environmental impacts worldwide.
The Geneva deal shifts most of the difficult issues to future negotiations. The final compromise is still highly imbalanced in favour of rich countries, which make vague promises in return for key concessions by developing countries. Greenpeace is particularly concerned that the agreement opens the door for further liberalisation in sensitive sectors such as fisheries and the trade in forest products and that new offers on liberalising the service sector are now to be submitted by May 2005. Both decisions could have devastating consequences for the poor and the environment.
“This deal is not a victory for multilateralism, but a dangerous fudge. The secretive process practiced in Geneva this week once again showed that the WTO is an undemocratic organisation mainly responsive to rich country interests,” said Daniel Mittler, Greenpeace International Trade and Policy Advisor. “Greenpeace wants a just and sustainable multilateral trading system. But the WTO does not seem capable or willing to deliver equitable and sustainable development for all; the WTO only seems to be interested in ensuring its own survival.”
After a week of exclusive behind-the-door
negotiations, the final deal is reportedly the result of
massive political pressure by the EU and the US,
particularly on least developed countries. Developing
countries had been blamed and punished by the US and EU
after the collapse of the last WTO ministerial meeting in
Cancun, Mexico last year, even though it was in fact the
excessive demands made by EU and US that led to the Cancun