NAVY deploys to asia
New Zealand Defence Force
Te Ope Kaatua O Aotearoa
Monday March 21, 2005
NAVY deploys to asia
The Navy tanker HMNZS ENDEAVOUR will depart Devonport Naval Base on Tuesday March 22, 2005 at 10:00am, to sail for a 4 ½ month deployment to Australia and Asia.
HMNZS ENDEAVOUR will accompany the frigate HMNZS TE MANA on the Asian deployment, which sees the ships representing New Zealand in a variety of operational exercises, activities and Defence Diplomacy visits. Both ships will rendezvous in Australian waters on March 26.
Commander Joint Forces New Zealand, Major General Lou Gardiner says “the deployment maintains the New Zealand Defence Force’s combat capability in a maritime environment. It also provides an opportunity for the New Zealand and allied navies to train together in combined operations, enhancing skills and interoperability while supporting regional aims and objectives of the Government of New Zealand”.
TE MANA and ENDEAVOUR will take part in Exercise BERSAMA SHIELD 05, a maritime and air exercise in the South China Sea contributing to the security of the Asia Pacific region through the Five Power Defence Arrangement, of which New Zealand is a partner.
In addition the ships will support New Zealand’s involvement in the World Expo 2005, Aichi, Japan with a week-long port visit timed to coincide with New Zealand Day, 3 June 2005. ENDEAVOUR and TE MANA will then proceed further north for diplomatic visits to Vladivostok, Russia and Shanghai, China before returning to Australian waters.
Officer: Commander David Hedgley, FNI, RNZN
Length: 138 m
Draught: 4 m
Displacement: 7300 tonnes
Machinery: One MAN B&W V12 Diesel Engine
Speed: 14 knots
Complement: 50 (Officers and Ratings)
Pennant Number: A11
HMNZS TE MANA
Commanding Officer: Commander Lance Cook, RNZN
Length: 118 m
Draught: 4.4 m
Displacement: 3,600 tonnes
Machinery: 1 LM 2500 Gas Turbine, 2 MTU Diesel Engines
Speed: 27+ knots
Complement: 177 (Officers and Ratings)
Pennant Number: F111
HMNZ Ships TE MANA and ENDEAVOUR (TEM and END) will undertake a significant deployment to Asia, and Australia over the period 16 March-9 August 2005. TEM and END will be representing the RNZN, the NZDF and New Zealand in a variety of operational exercises, activities and diplomatic port visits.
Both ships will passage to the South China Sea to participate in operational exercises, most notably Exercise BERSAMA SHIELD 05, a Five Power Defence Arrangement maritime and air exercise based out of Singapore in April (see below).
TEM and END then undertake a series of Defence Diplomacy visits, over the period 30 May to 20 June 2005. The Ships will berth in Nagoya, Japan during the World Expo 2005, from 30 May- 6 June, to support New Zealand Day on 3 June 2005. Further details about New Zealand’s involvement in the Expo can be found at www.expo2005.co.nz
The ships then conduct defence diplomacy visits to Vladivostok, Russia and Shanghai, China before returning to Australian waters for further operational commitments.
TEM will conduct deperming at the West Australian naval base; deperming is a procedure carried out every couple of years to reduce the magnetic signature of the ship. END will proceed to the Eastern Australian exercise areas to support HMNZS TE KAHA’s ‘work up’ – a significant period of training to increase the Ship’s operational level of capability.
Schedule of port visits (subject to change)
22-30 Singapore –maintenance period
May 16-21 Singapore
30 May-6 June Nagoya, Japan in support of World Expo 2005, Aichi
June 10-14 Vladivostok, Russia
17-21 Shanghai, China
July The ships programs separate:
4-12 (TEM) Fleet Base West, Western Australia, deperming
15-18 (END) Newcastle
22-26 (TEM) Wellington
28 (TEM) Return to Auckland
29 Jul- 1 Aug (END) Sydney
Aug 9 (END) Return to Auckland
Five Power Defence Arrangements and Bersama Shield 05
Exercise BERSAMA SHIELD 05 (BS 05) is a major joint and combined Five Power Defence Arrangement (FPDA) maritime and air exercise. The exercise is planned and exercised by Headquarters of the Integrated Area Defence System (HQIADS) on behalf the FPDA. It incorporates joint and combined operations, conducted in a multi threat environment for the defence of Peninsula Malaysia and Singapore over the period 04 - 22 Apr 05.
BERSAMA SHIELD is an enabling exercise for BERSAMA LIMA, which will occur later in the year. NZDF participation in BS 05 includes HMNZS TE MANA, HMNZS ENDEAVOUR, and 7 HQ staff augmentees (4 RNZN and 3 RNZAF).
The Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA) came into effect in 1971 and involves Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, the United Kingdom and New Zealand. It is the basis for exercises and contacts that are an important part of the NZDF’s training programme and is the longest active defence agreement in the region.
The most visible element of the FPDA is the HQ IADS. HQ IADS controls a full and varied exercise and training programme, which sees significant assets deployed into theatre. NZ has deployed troops, aircraft and ships to the various exercises and has assisted with the development of cooperation between the armed forces of Malaysia, Singapore and New Zealand.
The withdrawal of British Forces along with the immature state of the Malaysian and Singapore Armed Forces necessitated an arrangement that would cater for the external defence of Malaysia and Singapore. The FPDA established HQIADS with a charter and operational mission to ensure the integrity and sovereignty of Malaysian and Singapore airspace.
The directive to CIADS included emergency powers and the assignment of forces to meet his operational responsibilities. As the security environment has changed and the capabilities of the Malaysian and Singaporean Armed forces have advanced, the role of HQIADS has changed. In 1994, the FPDA Defence Ministers removed CIADS emergency powers and redefined the roles of IADS. In July 2000, the FPDA Defence Ministers endorsed a paper, “The Future of the FPDA Operational Arrangements” which paved the way for a greater jointness in FPDA activities. On 1 November 2001, the ‘A’ in IADS changed from meaning Air to meaning Area.
Roles of IADS
Over the last ten years, the primary operational role of maintaining the integrity and sovereignty of Malaysian and Singaporean airspace transferred from IADS to the respective National Air Defence Commanders. Consequently, the operational role of IADS changed “to participate in the coordinated area defence of Malaysia and Singapore”. The peacetime role of HQIADS is to “plan for and exercise the forces and systems for the coordinated area defence of Malaysia and Singapore.”
The Defence Ministers from the five nations control the FPDA. However, the FPDA Consultative Council (FCC) functionally controls the FPDA. The FCC comprises the Secretary General for Defence from Malaysia and Permanent Secretary for Defence from Singapore along with the High Commissioners for Australia, New Zealand and the UK to Malaysia and Singapore. The Defence Ministers’ meet triennially (and more often when opportunity permits) to set policy for the FPDA. The FCC effects control of the FPDA and meets biannually. This is complemented for professional aspects by the FPDA Defence Chiefs’ Conference, which is held every 12 to 18 months.