Simple law change would improve transgender lives
Human Rights Commission
Friday, 18 January 2008
Simple law change would improve transgender New Zealanders lives
The Human Rights Commission is calling for an amendment to legislation that would allow transgender people to obtain birth certificates and passports that reflect their gender identity and sex.
The call comes in the report of the Commission’s Transgender Inquiry entitled To Be Who I Am. The Commission recommends that an amendment to the Births, Deaths and Marriages Act 1995 would make it clear that a person who had taken “decisive steps to live fully and permanently in the gender identity of the nominated sex” could be issued a document that accurately recorded their sex.
The Inquiry found that the majority of transgender people are unable to assert their citizenship by changing the sex on their birth certificate and passport so it reflects their gender identity. This added to the burden of discrimination many transgender people faced.
Joy Liddicoat, the lead commissioner on the Transgender Inquiry said, “We consider it quite possible to change the criteria for changing sex details without creating concerns about the continued integrity of state-issued documents like birth certificates and passports.”
Four out of five submissions to the Inquiry described examples of serious discrimination from harassment at work to assault and sexual abuse. “Transgender people face enormous barriers to safely doing things that many other New Zealanders take for granted,” she said.
The Transgender Report highlights four areas for immediate attention:
- increasing participation of trans people in decisions that affect them
- strengthening the legal protections making discrimination against trans people unlawful
- improving access to health services, including gender reassignment services
- simplifying requirements for change of sex on a birth certificate, passport and other documents
And because the Inquiry heard from many intersex New Zealanders, the Inquiry further recommends that the human rights issues experienced by intersex people merit urgent attention.
The Transgender Inquiry has looked at three key areas: personal experiences of discrimination; difficulties accessing health services; and the barriers transgender people face when trying to have their gender status legally recognised on documents like birth certificates and passports.
Chief Human Rights Commissioner Rosslyn Noonan said, “We have come to respect the courage of transgender people who despite significant hurdles have been successful in leading lives of dignity throughout the country.”
The Commission will hold talks about the recommendations with relevant stakeholders.
For a copy of the Report of the Transgender Inquiry Experienced by Transgender People click here