Gordon Campbell | Parliament TV | Parliament Today | News Video | Crime | Employers | Housing | Immigration | Legal | Local Govt. | Maori | Welfare | Unions | Youth | Search

 

Te Urewera Pre-Publication Part III Released

Te Urewera Pre-Publication Part III Released

12 pm, Tuesday, 22 October 2012

The Waitangi Tribunal today released the third part of its report on claims in the Te Urewera district inquiry.

In this part of its report the Tribunal looks at the origins of Te Urewera National Park, created in 1954 and greatly extended in 1957. An uncomfortable history, the tribunal says, lies behind the creation of the park.

The origins of the park lie in the Crown’s broken promises to the peoples of Te Urewera. In 1896, it had passed special legislation, the Urewera District Native Reserve Act, to establish a self governing native reserve for Tūhoe. Tūhoe and Ngāti Whare leaders had negotiated with Premier Richard Seddon in the hope of a new beginning in their relationship with the Crown. But their hopes were shattered.

The Crown failed to deliver on its promise to ensure that strong committees were set up to run tribal affairs. It failed to deliver on its undertaking to buy land only from the tribal body, and instead conducted a predatory and at times illegal purchasing campaign that targeted individuals living in poverty.

The Tribunal found that the alienation of 75 per cent of the Urewera Native Reserve mainly through ruthless Crown purchasing, on top of earlier extensive land loss in the rest of Te Urewera, was in breach of the Treaty, and caused significant prejudice to the peoples of Te Urewera. In the 1920s, the Crown acquired even more land from Māori owners to pay for needless surveys, since the people never got the titles they were promised, and for arterial roads (to service their scattered settlements), which were never finished.

Tūhoe cannot get past these facts, the Tribunal said, while other New Zealanders are simply unaware of them.

The creation of Te Urewera National Park, the Tribunal found, gave a unique opportunity. No other national park was designed to enclose significant Māori communities and Māori land within its borders or buffer zone. But the needs of those communities – ongoing customary use of the resources of the area and ongoing economic benefit from their much reduced remaining lands, so that they might survive – were utterly contradicted by the Crown’s land to create a national park.

Tūhoe were not opposed to a park, and protection of the forests, but they wanted to remain on their last lands in the heart of Te Urewera.

A park in itself did not breach the Treaty, the Tribunal found. The national interests and Māori interests in their ancestral lands could both have been provided for. The Crown tried briefly to assist Tūhoe mill some timber on their lands, but from the 1960s denied Māori owners the use of their forests. For two decades, it tried to secure the surrender of all Māori land in or adjacent to the park. It failed, but greatly limited what Tūhoe could do with their own lands. By the 1980s, all Tūhoe lands had become ‘virtual national park’.

For the peoples of Te Urewera, especially Tūhoe, the national park has come to symbolise their dispossession. The Tribunal’s findings vindicate the claimants’ long-held grievance over the defeat of their aspirations for self-government in their own reserve and the loss of their ancestral lands.

Title-return and joint management arrangements have been carried out successfully for national parks in Australia, and could also be carried out in New Zealand. ‘We can think of no more appropriate situation’, the Tribunal said, ‘than that of Te Urewera National Park’.

The report is available from these links:

Preliminary pages

Chapter 13

Chapter 14

Chapter 15

Chapter 16

Appendixes

ENDS


© Scoop Media

 
 
 
Parliament Headlines | Politics Headlines | Regional Headlines

Hope For Nature: A New Deal For The Commons

Joseph Cederwall on The Dig: The disruption and destruction of the interconnected biodiversity of Earth is the most serious challenge humanity has ever faced. This is an ecosystem emergency on an extinction scale. It is also a serious threat to the inherent rights of the diversity of non-human life, ecosystems and human Cultures on Earth to exist and thrive. The current global paradigm is devastating life everywhere by disrupting vital “ecosystem services” like the food, water, and climate regulation systems that both humanity and biodiversity depend on in an interconnected balance. It is increasingly clear that the primary driver of this crisis is the limiting and infectious worldview around land and resource use so central to the global capitalist system. To fully understand the biodiversity crisis and explore what comes next, it is necessary to address this mind-virus at the heart of our modern civilisation – the dominion worldview. More>>

 

Gordon Campbell: On The Farming Sector’s Persecution Complex

The narrative that our farmers are ‘doing it tough’ plays into a number of wellworn stereotypes ... More>>

ALSO:

corrections, prisonCorrections: Independent Review Of Prisoner Mail Management

The independent review into the prisoner mail system has today been released, with Corrections accepting all 13 recommendations and making a number of changes to strengthen the management of prisoner mail. More>>

ALSO:

IPCA: Unlawful Detention Of Teenager; Influence Of Investigation

The Independent Police Conduct Authority has found that former Inspector Hurimoana Dennis unlawfully detained an Auckland teenager in 2015, and improperly influenced the outcome of a criminal investigation into his own son in 2014. More>>

ALSO:

SOP For Gun Bill: New Measures For Modified Pistols

The new controls will • Prohibit short-barrelled semi-automatic rifles which currently are defined as pistols because they are shorter than 762 millimetres. • Introduce tighter controls over pistol carbine conversion kits… • Prohibit firearms which contain a part known as a centrefire lower receiver… More>>

'Culturally Arranged Visitors Visa': Fix For Marriage Visa Issue

Earlier this year Immigration New Zealand issued guidance to front line Immigration staff that made it significantly harder for people to get visas to visit their partner. That guidance no longer applies with today’s announcement. More>>

ALSO:

Conflict Of Interest For Key Member: Budget Data Breach Investigation Shut Down

State Services Commissioner Peter Hughes has today terminated the investigation into how Budget-sensitive material was accessed at the Treasury and appointed a new inquirer. More>>

RNZ Report: Mysterious Foundation Loaning NZ First Money

A mysterious foundation that loans money to New Zealand First is under scrutiny, with a university law professor saying although it's lawful, it fails to provide the transparency voters need in a democracy. More>>

Justice: Criminal Cases Review Commission Established

“We’ve seen how our justice system can very occasionally get things spectacularly wrong, even with rights of appeals, and there needs to be a chance for the innocent on the right grounds to seek a final review of their case...” More>>

ALSO:

 
 
 
 
 

LATEST HEADLINES

  • PARLIAMENT
  • POLITICS
  • REGIONAL
 
 

InfoPages News Channels