Gordon Campbell | Parliament TV | Parliament Today | News Video | Crime | Employers | Housing | Immigration | Legal | Local Govt. | Maori | Welfare | Unions | Youth | Search

 


Ngāpuhi did not cede sovereignty


Press release 26/11/2012

Embargoed till 28 November 2012

Ngāpuhi did not cede sovereignty

Independent Observers Panel report on initial Ngāpuhi claim shatters myths

The commissioners of a ground-breaking independent report on the Declaration of Independence and the Treaty of Waitangi say the report will shatter forever the myths surrounding the treaty.

It is the first time such a report has been commissioned and published to stand alongside a Waitangi Tribunal report based on the same evidence.

The report was commissioned by Titewhai Harawira and Nuki Aldridge on behalf of the Kuia and Kaumātua of Ngāpuhi Nui Tonu. It contains several recommendations made by the panel to address its findings.

The evidence was given over five weeks at the initial Ngāpuhi claim hearings in 2010 and 2011. Particularly significant were the statements by the Ngāpuhi speakers on the meaning and intentions of He Wakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nū Tīreni 1835, and Te Tiriti o Waitangi 1840.

The report makes clear that Ngāpuhi did not sign away their sovereignty to the British Crown. It is also clear from the evidence presented in the report that Ngāpuhi did not cede governance to the Crown either. It says the evidence shows the rangatira wanted the Crown to provide a Governor who would take charge of its unruly British subjects living here.

From 2006, Kuia and Kaumātua had voiced concerns about the independence of the Waitangi Tribunal process, but the Government had not responded to requests for an international forum to hear evidence on the two founding documents.

They had then decided to commission an independent report on the hearings. Limited funds had meant that an international observer was not an option, so expertise was sought within New Zealand.

Three panel members were chosen to write the report. They are Susan Healy, Ingrid Huygens, and Takawai Murphy. With the addition of a kaitiaki from the north, Hōri Parata, the group consisted of two Māori and two Pākeha. (Editors: biographies attached).
Mrs Harawira said, “The declaration and the treaty were the result of the friendship that Ngāpuhi rangatira had with British royalty that began in 1820 with the visit by Hongi Hika and Waikato. Ngāpuhi had a dialogue that started with King George, and continued with King William and Queen Victoria. We want to be able to continue that dialogue.”

As a result of the relationship that had been established and that was recognised in He Wakaputanga, a Governor was called for by Te Wakaminenga o Nga Hapu o Nū Tīreni to exert British authority over British subjects living here without regard to either Māori or British law.

“He was to work alongside the rangatira here – never to have authority over them,” she said. “They agreed to allow a governor, appointed by themselves and acting under their authority, to exercise British control over new migrants living in their rohe – nothing more and nothing less."

“We have had to fight a long and arduous battle to raise the profile of Te Tiriti o Waitangi and to have the promises made in Te Tiriti redeemed. We have seen the comings and goings of many Prime Ministers – they are now gone, but for us our battle continues. The Ngāpuhi Nation is firm in its belief that our tūpuna did not cede sovereignty.”

Report commissioner Nuki Aldridge said the report was a response to the wishes of Kaumātua for an independent exercise to be undertaken by people chosen by them, just as the Tribunal members are chosen by the Government.

He said however that he expected the Tribunal would reach the same conclusion as the independent observers: that there is only one authentic treaty, which confirms the statements made in He Wakaputanga. “Te Tiriti was intended to foster peaceful prosperity for both cultures and remains so for the future when implemented as intended.”

He said the report would be popular reading among Ngāpuhi and the Crown this summer. It would bring a sharper focus to Waitangi in February because the knowledge shared by those giving evidence was a powerful and unifying force, at a time when it was most needed.

Mr Aldridge also commented on the need for fair process in the hearing of treaty claims: “In a treaty debate, you would think it reasonable that the rules of engagement are promulgated in equity by both parties. But it is inequitable where one party to a treaty makes the rules and has access to wealth to prosecute their evidence, while the other party is directed on how and when the resources are available.”

“The availability or the lack of resources then controls the outcome. The story will be tainted by the rules and regulations that are imposed. The imposed rules and regulations also control the outcome and of course will show bias in
favour of the system that has imposed its rules and regulations. This is why Ngāpuhi needed an independent report.”

“Those who fail to assert their rights have none. In this report the voices of Ngāpuhi are heard again asserting our rights, and we expect a decent response,” he said. “When will tāngata whenua get the opportunity to be part of the decision making process?”

Background on Panel members

The Independent Observers were selected for their experience in research and education work related to the treaty, and their independence from government direction.

Susan Healy is a Pākehā of Irish, British and Cornish ancestry. She has a PhD in Māori Studies from the University of Auckland, her dissertation being The nature of the relationship of the Crown in New Zealand with Iwi Māori (2006). She has since done research into the literature on tuku whenua as customary land allocation.
Ingrid Huygens is a Pākehā of Dutch ancestry, and a researcher in cultural relations, community psychology and social change. Her PhD from University of Waikato investigated Processes of Pakeha change in response to the Treaty of Waitangi (2007). She is currently national coordinator of Tāngata Tiriti – Treaty People, an independent Treaty education programme for students, organisations and new migrant communities.

Takawai Murphy, Ngāti Manawa, Murupara, B.Ed., has taught in primary, secondary, tertiary and adult education. During the last 20 years he has facilitated the Te Pūmaomao Nationhood-Building course with wife Chris, both in Aotearoa-New Zealand and overseas. He is also a decolonisation and Treaty of Waitangi educator and researcher.

Throughout the hearing Hori Parata acted as support and cultural advisor for the panel.

Hōri Temoanaroa Parata is of Ngātiwai descent with links to Te Waiariki, Ngāti Hine, Ngāti Pūkenga, Ngāti Maru, Tainui, Whānau a Apanui, Raukawa, Ngāti Koata, and Moriori. He holds an M.A. in Indigenous Studies from Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiarangi, and is currently completing a PhD on kaitiakitanga. Over a period of 25 years, he developed the Ngātiwai Trust Board’s resource management unit, and now acts as their kaumatua in many arenas, including the Wai 262 Flora and Fauna claim.

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
Parliament Headlines | Politics Headlines | Regional Headlines

 

PARLIAMENT TODAY:

  • Second Readings To Continue
  • House Rises Interrupting RNZ Bill
  • Standards Bill Progresses
  • Controversy Over Non-Controversial Bill
  • Questions and Answers – May 19
  • Parliament Today 19-05-15
  • Environmental Reporting Bill Progresses
  • Access Week in Parliament 19-05-15

  • TPPA: University Of Auckland Warns Of Negative TPP Impact

    The University of Auckland May 20, 2015 University of Auckland Warns of Negative TPP Impact With the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiation drawing to a close, the University of Auckland has expressed serious concerns about its potential implications. ... More>>

    NZ Flag: Flag Referendum Gets Hit Hard In New Poll

    The latest Campbell Live text poll confirms it is time for the Prime Minister to listen to the public and shelve his flag referendum, says the New Zealand First Leader Rt Hon Winston Peters. More>>

    Gordon Campbell: The Government’s Belated Moves On Property Speculation

    Is it a property tax on capital gains or a capital gains tax on property? The Jesuitical distinctions in the government’s spin about its latest moves on property speculators are all about whether the government can claim that it jumped, or confess that it ... More>>

    Grant Robertson:
    Key Can’t Just Be Prime Minister For Parnell

    John Key must show New Zealanders in next week’s Budget that he is more than the Prime Minister for Parnell, and is also the Prime Minister for Pine Hill, Putararu and Palmerston North, Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson says. In a ... More>>

    Labour Party: More Regional Jobs Go In Corrections Reshape

    News that 194 Corrections staff are to lose their jobs will have ramifications not only for them and their families but for the wider community, Labour’s Corrections spokesperson Kelvin Davis says. Prison units at Waikeria, Tongariro and Rimutaka ... More>>

    ALSO:

  • NZ First - Prison Job Losses to Send Money Offshore
  • TPPA: ‘Team Obama’ Regroups On Fast Track, Still Not Deliverable

    ‘After yesterday’s stinging and unexpected defeat for the Obama administration’s attempt to advance Fast Track legislation in the US Senate, Senate leaders have worked up a compromise they think will get them past this blockage’, according to Auckland ... More>>

    NZ Government: 5,500 More Doctors And Nurses In Our Hospitals

    Health Minister Jonathan Coleman says a record number of doctors and nurses are working in District Health Boards across the country. More>>

    Controller and Auditor General: Katherine Rich Conflict of Interest Decision

    We are writing to you about a matter that has been raised with us by members of the public. More>>

    ALSO:


    Budget 2015: Andrew Little On The 2015 Budget

    Speaking to the Chamber of Commerce, the Labour opposition leader attacked the government’s approach to economic issues facing New Zealand. He said they have been “more than reckless in their complacency” and “the next week’s budget will do nothing ... More>>

    Defence Force: NZDF Building Partner Capacity Mission Personnel In Iraq

    NZDF Building Partner Capacity Mission Personnel in Iraq The New Zealand Defence Force Building Partner Capacity training mission contingent is in place at Taji Military Complex in Iraq. The Chief of Defence Force Lieutenant General Tim Keating says the ... More>>

    PM Press Conference: ACC Levy Cuts Announced

    In a press conference this afternoon in Wellington, ACC Minister Nikki Kaye proposed $500 million worth of ACC levy cuts. More>>

    Quakes: New Process For Red Zone Crown Offers

    Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee has announced a process to give everyone a say on the Crown offers to owners of vacant, commercial/industrial and uninsured properties in the Residential Red Zone. More>>

    ALSO:

    Gordon Campbell: On The Battle Obama Is Waging Over The TPP

    For the past two and a half years, this column has been arguing that the fate of the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) deal will hinge on whether US President Barack Obama can win Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) from Congress... Last week, the White House finally, finally unveiled a draft TPA Bill. More>>

    ALSO:


    Gordon Campbell: On lessons for Labour from the UK election
    If the polls were right – and the pollsters kept telling us how accurate they’d been in 2010, and even Nate Silver was getting the same results – there seemed no way that the British Labour Party could lose last Thursday’s British election. With Labour predicted to win around 270 seats and the Scottish National Party batting around 55-60 seats, Labour seemed to be home free. But…as we now know, things didn’t turn out that way. Labour ended up with 232 seats and the Conservatives swept back to power with an outright majority, after winning only a little more than a third ( 36.9%) of the votes cast.MORE >>
    Also.

  • NZ PM John Key - PM congratulates David Cameron after UK election
  • The Nation IV Transcript - Hack Attack author Nick Davies
  • Get More From Scoop

     

    LATEST HEADLINES

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Politics
    Search Scoop  
     
     
    Powered by Vodafone
    NZ independent news