Video | Business Headlines | Internet | Science | Scientific Ethics | Technology | Search

 

Transgenic Bt crops


PRESS RELEASE from PHYSICIANS AND SCIENTISTS FOR RESPONSIBLE GENETICS
23 October 2001


Transgenic Bt crops

Physicians and Scientists for Responsible Genetics note that the US Environmental Protection Agency has approved genetically engineered Bt crops for a further seven years.

The EPA decision has been made despite its own scientific advisory panel - appointed to investigate and advise following the StarLink corn controversy, and including leading allergists and independent scientists - called for more tests to determine the potential allergenicity of Bt crops. This testing has not been carried out and, as the Aventis Bt corn variety, StarLink, proved in 2000, allergenicity can result from ingesting a Bt transgene.

Bt sprays are an important management tool for sustainable farming methods. Bt engineered plants produce an insecticidal or Bt toxin, one of a family of related molecules produced by Bacillus thuringiensis, a soil bacterium. The engineered plant produces the toxin in most, if not all, of its parts, through all or most of a growing season. Toxins in Bt sprays break down rapidly in the environment as opposed to the Bt in genetically engineered crops which breaks down very slowly.

The EPA has not required biotechnology companies to conduct toxicity and allergenicity tests on the engineered proteins produced in Bt crops, but accepts tests on surrogate proteins from bacteria. These can differ substantially from their plant-produced counterparts.

Studies on potential environmental impacts of Bt corn are also inadequate. The Agency ignored the concerns of researchers at Cornell and Iowa State Universities and the University of Minnesota whose recent studies suggest exposure to Bt corn may have long-term, harmful effects on monarch butterflies. Biologists at all three schools involved in this related research urged the EPA to delay its decision until more data were available.

(280 words)

440a Otumoetai Road, TAURANGA, NEW ZEALAND
Telephone and fax 64 7 576 5721
E-mail roberta@clear.net.nz
23 October 2001

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
Business Headlines | Sci-Tech Headlines

 

Manawatu-Whanganui Projects: PGF Top-Up To Rural Broadband Roll-Out

The government has effectively raided the $3 billion Provincial Growth Fund to top up the budget for the second phase of its rural broadband initiative, filling in mobile 'black spots' and ensuring broadband is available to marae that don't have access now. More>>

ALSO:

Other Windy Cities: Auckland-Chicago Named A Top 10 ‘Most Exciting’ New Route

The inclusion of Auckland-Chicago on Lonely Planet’s Where to fly in 2019? The 10 most exciting new flight routes list comes just two weeks before Air New Zealand prepares to celebrate its inaugural flight to Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport on 30 November. More>>

Deadly Strain: ESR Ups Its Reporting On Meningococcal Disease

The increasing number of cases of Group W Meningococcal disease (MenW) has prompted ESR to increase its reporting on the disease to the Ministry of Health. ESR has upped its reporting to weekly. More>>

ALSO:

Very Small Things: "Game-Changing" 3D Printing Technology Launched

New Zealand microfabrication researchers Andrea Bubendorfer and Andrew Best, the co-inventors of a new way of fabricating very small things with Laminated Resin Printing (LRP), are part of Callaghan Innovation’s MicroMaker3D team launching the new patent pending technology in the US this week. More>>

ALSO: