Video | Business Headlines | Internet | Science | Scientific Ethics | Technology | Search

 


White Island Volcano - Alert lowered to Level 1

Volcanic Alert Bulletin WI-2013/11 - White Island Volcano - Volcano

4 March 2013, 4:00pm - Update; Volcanic Alert lowered to Level 1, Aviation Colour Code changed to Yellow.

Ash emission at White Island has ceased for the moment and the Volcano Alert Level is reduced to 1 with the Aviation Colour Code changing to Yellow.

Observations in the last week have shown that a small ash cone has been built in the “hot lake” crater, which is the current focus of activity. The ash cone is surrounded by a small moat of water.

It is likely that in the short term, activity will alternate between dry and wet eruptions. When drier conditions prevail, like last week, some volcanic ash may be produced. If there is an increase in water near the vent then phreatic (steam driven) eruptions may occur. The crater containing the lava dome remains unchanged.

Seismic tremor levels are currently low, which is thought to partly reflect the lack of water involvement in the current activity. A gas flight on 26th February measured around 600 tonnes per day of SO2, and 1950 tonnes per day of CO2, similar to other measurements made since the start of 2013.

White Island remains in a heightened state of unrest and the long term outcome of the unrest remains unclear. It could lead to explosive eruptions and larger ash emissions, like in August 2012, or decline to background activity. In the short term it is expected that activity will be variable, largely reflecting the influence of water on the style of activity.

Background

Unrest at White Island began in July 2012, leading to explosive eruptions and ash emissions in August. A small lava extrusion occurred in November, followed by phreatic, steam driven activity in December which continued through January and February 2013. Minor ash emissions have been interspersed throughout this eruption sequence as conditions within the craters have changed.

The Volcanic Alert Level ranges from 0 to 5 and defines the current status at a volcano. Level 1 indicates signs of volcanic unrest.

Aviation Colour Codes are based on four colours and are intended for quick reference only in the international civil aviation community.

Craig Miller
Duty Volcanologist


ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
Business Headlines | Sci-Tech Headlines

 

Sky City : Auckland Convention Centre Cost Jumps By A Fifth

SkyCity Entertainment Group, the casino and hotel operator, is in talks with the government on how to fund the increased cost of as much as $130 million to build an international convention centre in downtown Auckland, with further gambling concessions ruled out. The Auckland-based company has increased its estimate to build the centre to between $470 million and $530 million as the construction boom across the country drives up building costs and design changes add to the bill.
More>>

ALSO:

RMTU: Mediation Between Lyttelton Port And Union Fails

The Rail and Maritime Union (RMTU) has opted to continue its overtime ban indefinitely after mediation with the Lyttelton Port of Christchurch (LPC) failed to progress collective bargaining. More>>

Earlier:

Science Policy: Callaghan, NSC Funding Knocked In Submissions

Callaghan Innovation, which was last year allocated a budget of $566 million over four years to dish out research and development grants, and the National Science Challenges attracted criticism in submissions on the government’s draft national statement of science investment, with science funding largely seen as too fragmented. More>>

ALSO:

Scoop Business: Spark, Voda And Telstra To Lay New Trans-Tasman Cable

Spark New Zealand and Vodafone, New Zealand’s two dominant telecommunications providers, in partnership with Australian provider Telstra, will spend US$70 million building a trans-Tasman submarine cable to bolster broadband traffic between the neighbouring countries and the rest of the world. More>>

ALSO:

More:

Statistics: Current Account Deficit Widens

New Zealand's annual current account deficit was $6.1 billion (2.6 percent of GDP) for the year ended September 2014. This compares with a deficit of $5.8 billion (2.5 percent of GDP) for the year ended June 2014. More>>

ALSO:

Still In The Red: NZ Govt Shunts Out Surplus To 2016

The New Zealand government has pushed out its targeted return to surplus for a year as falling dairy prices and a low inflation environment has kept a lid on its rising tax take, but is still dangling a possible tax cut in 2017, the next election year and promising to try and achieve the surplus pledge on which it campaigned for election in September. More>>

ALSO:

Job Insecurity: Time For Jobs That Count In The Meat Industry

“Meat Workers face it all”, says Graham Cooke, Meat Workers Union National Secretary. “Seasonal work, dangerous jobs, casual and zero hours contracts, and increasing pressure on workers to join non-union individual agreements. More>>

ALSO:

Get More From Scoop

 
 
Standards New Zealand

Standards New Zealand
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sci-Tech
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news