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Cablegate: Angola - January Political Roundup

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RR RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHLU #0162/01 0471214
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 161214Z FEB 07
FM AMEMBASSY LUANDA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 3717
INFO RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 LUANDA 000162

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
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E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PHUM PREL SOCI EMIN AO
SUBJECT: ANGOLA - JANUARY POLITICAL ROUNDUP

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1. (U) SUMMARY
--------------

-- Angola,s Armed Forces to Help Stop Illegal
Immigration

-- Abel Chivukuvuku Will Run for UNITA President

-- President Dos Santos Urges &Zero Tolerance8 Against
Domestic Violence

--------------------------------------------- ---------
Angola,s Armed Forces to Help Stop Illegal Immigration
--------------------------------------------- ---------

2. (U) General Francisco Furtado, Head of Angola,s Armed
Forces (FAA) announced a FAA ) National Police and Frontier
Guard joint effort to control illegal immigration,
particularly in the diamond producing provinces. Furtado
said the authorities will cooperate to apprehend and expel
all illegal immigrants illegally mining and trading in
diamonds. General Furtado called the situation &out of
control,8 adding that Angolan authorities are concerned that
illegal immigration could affect Angola,s political and
economic stability.

3. (SBU) General Furtado said that studies had been done in
five diamond producing provinces (Luanda Sul, Lunda Norte,
Kwanza Sul, Bie and Malange) and the results warranted
immediate action. He also suggested that organized groups
are financing illegal immigrants from West African and the
Democratic Republic of Congo to carry out illegal mining.
Note: Embassy has no other corroboration of immigrant groups
traveling in organized groups to Angola. End note. Furtado,
on February 12 while visiting Cabinda, again reasserted the
importance of the campaign and noted that the FAA had
participated in expelling illegal immigrants from Cabinda
province in the last week.

---------------------------------------------
Abel Chivukuvuku Will Run For UNITA President
---------------------------------------------

4. (U) Abel Chivukuvuku, former UNITA Parliamentary Leader
(Chief Whip) has announced his candidacy for UNITA President.
He plans to run against current President Isaias Samakuva,
whom he claims is not dynamic enough to lead UNITA to an
electoral victory. Chivukuvuku promised he would present a
UNITA with a vision and a sense of leadership, and one that
would clearly project the image of a viable alternative to
the MPLA to prospective voters. He declared that his
candidacy was proof of UNITA,s capacity to be democratic and
thereby sustain a national democracy. He also said that his
candidacy was being supported by &important countries,8
though offered no specifics.

5. (U) Immediately after announcing his candidacy, the weekly
paper &Semanario Angolense8 accused Chivukuvuku of
receiving financial backing from the MPLA to unseat Samakuva
and create a wedge within UNITA. Chivukuvuku has denied the
allegations, sued Semanario Angolense, and accused the MPLA
of planting the story in the paper to discredit him with
UNITA. Meanwhile, the MPLA criticized Chivukuvuku,s
reactions branding him as &politically immature and
irresponsible.8

--------------------------------------------- ---------
President Dos Santos Urges &Zero Tolerance8 Against
Domestic Violence
--------------------------------------------- ---------

6. (U) President dos Santos in his New Year speech
characterized domestic violence as having attained alarming
levels in Angolan society. He urged for the creation of an
all out campaign of &Zero Tolerance,8 to include an
education component; adoption of preventive measures; more
expeditious response to calls for help, and new legislation
with more severe penalties. This new presidential focus on
domestic violence can be attributed to the December 12, 2006
murder of Clara Soares, a very close friend of the Angolan
First Lady, who was killed at home by her husband in a
domestic dispute. Mrs. Soares was shot twice in the head
after having asked her husband to move out of their home.

7. (SBU) Comment: the GRA has been working over the past two
years on the revision of its penal code and the development
of laws against family violence. High-level representatives
from both the Ministry of Family and Promotion of Women have
told emboffs that they hope this new attention to the issue
will speed up the legislative development and approval
process.

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