Cablegate: Media Reaction: Cross-Strait Relations
DE RUEHIN #0611/01 0750838
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 160838Z MAR 07
FM AIT TAIPEI
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 4494
INFO RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 6481
RUEHHK/AMCONSUL HONG KONG 7726
UNCLAS AIT TAIPEI 000611
DEPARTMENT FOR INR/R/MR, EAP/TC, EAP/PA, EAP/PD - LLOYD NEIGHBORS
DEPARTMENT PASS AIT/WASHINGTON
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: OPRC KMDR KPAO TW
SUBJECT: MEDIA REACTION: CROSS-STRAIT RELATIONS
1. Summary: Taiwan's newspapers March 16 focused their coverage on
the raids led by Taichung prosecutors at the Veutron Corporation's
offices in Taipei and Hsinchu Thursday to investigate an alleged
insider trading case. The other focus today is President Chen
Shui-bian's announcement that, starting July 1, compulsory military
service will be shortened to 14 months from the present 16 months.
2. In terms of editorials and commentaries, the pro-independence
"Liberty Times" urged in its editorial that the Taiwan people should
remain vigilant of China's "soft" policies toward Taiwan and the
efforts of Taiwan's unification forces to cooperate with China. A
commentary in the pro-independence, English-language "Taipei Times"
said that China's so-far subtle adjustment of its Taiwan policy is
significant. Another commentary in the pro-independence,
English-language "Taipei Times" said that if pro-independence voices
can gain a majority in the legislature and hold on to the presidency
next year, then the DPP can arbitrate with the U.S., challenge China
and do battle with the KMT with full confidence. An editorial in
the pro-unification, English-language "China Post" said that the
DPP's "de-Sinification" attempt to cut Taiwan's ties with China will
not help the party in winning the 2008 presidential election. End
3. Cross-Strait Relations
A) "The Biggest Warning to Taiwan is its Deeper Reliance on China"
The pro-independence "Liberty Times" [circulation: 600,000]
editorialized that (03/16):
"... In fact, the passage of the Anti-Secession Law is not a
concern, but we should be vigilant of the transformation of China's
Taiwan policy over the past two years. ... Over the past two years,
China has made several offers; no tariff for Taiwan fruit imports, a
pair of free pandas, loans to Taiwan business people, scholarship
for Taiwan students, permission for Chinese tourists to visit
Taiwan, etc. ... Regrettably, although most Taiwan people have
understood China's vicious intentions, the unification forces in
Taiwan have echoed with China. Lien Chan [KMT Honorary Chairman]
and James Soong [former PFP Chairman] have proactively visited China
to 'present tribute' after they lost the presidential election in
2004; the pan-Blue alliance has blocked the passage of the U.S. arms
deal in the Legislative Yuan; the KMT-CPC Economic Forum is going to
take place in the near future; Lien Chan reportedly will sign a
"Cross-Strait Peace Treaty" with China's President Hu Jintao, etc.
These are tricks that show that the pan-Blue camp has ignored
Taiwan's national security and has colluded openly with China. ..."
B) "PRC Begins Engaging DPP Officials"
Lin Chong-pin, former Deputy Defense Minister, President of the
Foundation on International and Cross-Strait Studies opined in the
pro-independence, English-language "Taipei Times" [circulation:
30,000] that (03/16):
"... China's so-far subtle adjustment of its Taiwan policy is
significant in three aspects. First, Beijing is beginning to shed
its self-imposed taboo of boycotting the DPP administration to
prepare for the likelihood of another four - if not more- years of
DPP rule after President Chen steps down. It has come to realize
that avoiding contacts with the DPP administration hinders its
efforts to win over Taiwanese and does not help promote its
unification cause. With the limited time left in his term as
president, Chen Shui-bian could continue to be the target of
Beijing's criticism and at the same time be separated from the rest
of the DPP officials who Beijing wishes to engage.
"Second, China seems satisfied with its tactic of constraining
Taipei through Washington. Last September, Chen Yunlin told his
U.S. audience that President Chen would make an announcement that
Taiwan would revise its Constitution. When the warning later
materialized, Beijing's work on Taiwan in Washington became more
effective. Beijing used to react strongly to Taiwan's
pro-independence "provocations," but it has learned to remain calm,
leaving Washington with the task of admonishing Taipei.
"Third, this year may pass without cross-Strait tensions. China has
learned to refrain from attacking Taiwan's presidential candidates
lest they alienate Taiwanese voters. Moreover, it is fully occupied
with preparing for the 17th Party Congress this coming fall, which
is more vital to the Chinese leaders than Taiwan."
C) "'Anti-Secession' Law has the Opposite Effect"
Cao Changqing, a writer based in the U.S., opined in the
pro-independence, English language "Taipei Times" [circulation:
30,000] that (03/16):
"... Whether or not China uses force against Taiwan will of course
first be decided by China's domestic economic and political
situation, and secondly by the attitude of Taiwan's leaders. ...
"When People First Party Chairman James Soong and former KMT
Chairman Lien Chan visited Beijing in 2005, it seemed that everyone
in China, from officials to commoners, was gripped by unification
fever. China has shied away from any bully-boy tactics against
Taiwan during the past two years, and one clear reason is that the
'Anti-Secession' Law did not produce any of the effects that had
been hoped for.
"Popular opinion in Taiwan has also played more of a role in
deciding the attitude and policies Beijing adopts in dealing with
Taiwan. If the legislature continues to be led by the pan-Blue
alliance, then Beijing will continue to hope. If the Democratic
Progressive Party (DPP) loses next year's election, Beijing will be
even more confident.
"On the surface, Taiwan's position in the international community to
a large extent is determined by the attitudes of China and the U.S.
But in reality, the Taiwanese are the masters of their own fate. If
pro-independence voices can gain a majority in the legislature and
hold on to the presidency next year, then the DPP can arbitrate with
the U.S., challenge China and do battle with the KMT with full
confidence that it is right. The ineffectiveness of the
'Anti-Secession' Law at least proves this much."
D) "DPP's Attempt to Cut Ties with China will Backfire"
The pro-unification, English language "China Post" [circulation:
30,000] said in its editorial (03/16):
"The Presidential Office, in a further move to separate Taiwan from
China, has reportedly removed from its premises all the iconic signs
of the Republic of China's founding father, Dr. Sun Yat-sen.
"The Presidential Office has removed a Dr. Sun portrait from the
wall facing the front gate and put in its place a potted plant,
according to the Central News Agency (CNA).
"Presidential Spokesman Lee Nan-yang was cited by the CNA as saying
that the change was merely an adjustment to the presidential
"He asked the public not to 'over-interpret' the change.
"Who was he trying to fool? The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)
does not have to whitewash its campaign to rid Taiwan of its
Chineseness. It's an open secret that the DPP, in its attempt to
make Taiwan an independent state, has been making every move to
de-Sinicize the island. The campaign has been intensified as the
2008 presidential election approaches.
"But will the strategy work?
"A total of 72.9 percent of those who responded to a recent survey
by the mass-circulated China Times disapproved of the ruling party's
current campaign to de-Sinicize Taiwan. Only 15.2 percent of those
polled supported it. Moreover, 63.3 percent in the survey believed
the DPP's recent actions will provoke communal strife and arouse
"There is a good chance, as things stand now, that the DPP will lose
next year's presidential election because, since it came to power
seven years ago, the party has done little to make itself worth the
trust of the people. It is now again using a device that it
believes never fails - arousing strife between native Taiwanese and
residents who the party claims are from the outside.
"This tactic used to be effective sometimes. But the DFPP is going
overboard. It will finally hind it is the very victim of the ruse."