Cablegate: Trafficking in Persons Proposals For

DE RUEHDS #1281/01 1150506
P 250506Z APR 07





E.O. 12958: N/A

REF: STATE 28157

1. Per reftel, Post submits the following anti-trafficking in
persons project proposals for consideration of funding from FY 2007
INCLE and ESF appropriations. As a Tier Two country, Ethiopia is
trying to combat a significant trafficking challenge, especially of
women and children; ESF and INCLE funds would help build the
capacity of governments, NGOs, and communities, fighting TIP.

2. Responses are keyed to questions in paragraphs 20 and 21 of
reftel. Full proposals will be sent via e-mail. Post solicited
proposals using format specified in reftel, and has identified five
for consideration. Summaries below include: name of the applicant;
requested funding amount; project title; project duration; proposal


3. International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Requested funding amount: USD 294,830, overhead USD 14,133. Project
title: Stop Trafficking Now
Project duration: 1 year

--Proposal abstract: To facilitate the prosecution of traffickers,
the project will form task forces within Ethiopia's regional states
and strengthen the institutional capacity of relevant government
bodies. IOM will continue to assist the Ethiopian Government in
developing a database at federal and regional levels to collect,
analyze, and manage data on prosecution of trafficked cases. The
project calls for organizing refresher courses to strengthen the
GOE's institutional capacity to combat trafficking, and protecting
trafficking victims through reintegration assistance. IOM will
network with relevant government bodies, regional and local NGOs,
and police Child Protection Units (CPUs). Protection support will
include vocational and life-skills training in various disciplines,
such as sewing, hair-dressing, handicrafts, micro-finance, as well
as family reunification. This program responds to the GOE's
expressed interest and request for IOM to provide assistance in
trafficking prevention, protection, and prosecution.

4. Project Concern International
Requested funding amount: USD 298,710. (Of this, USD 77,326 will be
spent on personnel; USD 32,790 on fringe benefits; USD 16,100 on
travel; USD 0 on equipment; USD 11,900 on supplies; USD 14,000 on
consultants/contracts; USD 92,728 on other direct costs; and USD
53,866 on indirect costs.)
Project title: Addressing Identified Trafficking Problems Project
duration: 2 years

--Proposal abstract: PCI's project is designed to strengthen
cooperation between the GOE and civil society organizations (CSOs)
and to develop systems for a sustainable response. PCI aims to (1)
improve the delivery of victim protection and assistance services
for both children and adults, and (2) increase prosecution of human
trafficking perpetrators.

--PCI will increase identification and interception of victims by
helping government ministries develop sector-specific action plans
and significantly expanding the number of CSOs able to intervene.
PCI will provide resources to selected CSOs to hire outreach workers
to proactively intercept TIP victims and refer them to organizations
specialized in the provision of temporary housing and other
services. PCI will strengthen cooperation between and among Police
Victim Support Units (VSUs) and CSOs on referral procedures, victim
protection, temporary housing, health care, and legal assistance.
PCI will assist the National TIP Taskforce in the development of
in-country family tracing and reintegration
protocols/guidelines/tools. PCI will also provide logistical
support for family tracing and reintegration of victims of internal
trafficking, and assist CSOs in linking those victims and their
families with age-appropriate support services, which may include
economic empowerment and/or educational opportunities. Finally, PCI
will train military personnel participating in peacekeeping missions
to recognize TIP and observe human rights.

--To increase prosecution, PCI will strengthen both law enforcement
and the judiciary. PCI will assist police VSUs in adapting
procedures, guidelines, and tools to identify, rescue, assist, and
refer victims, as well as handle perpetrators. PCI will helping the
MoJ train prosecutors and judges along critical trafficking routes.

--PCI will clarify lines of communication and coordination among
government ministries, IOM, and CSOs implementing programs for
vulnerable children and women. PCI will also advocate for CSO
representation on the Taskforce, and in response to a specific
request of the Ministry of Justice, establish regional TIP
Taskforces that will coordinate activities in each of Ethiopia's

ADDIS ABAB 00001281 002 OF 003

diverse regions. PCI will build the capacity of CSOs and the GOE in
data collection, for improved monitoring of TIP and data analysis to
improve the design of interventions. PCI will work with the GoE to
develop and operate a database for documenting information on both
traffickers and victims. This will allow the GoE to determine the
magnitude of TIP, as well as the origins, routes, and destinations
of trafficking, disaggregated by geographic region, sex and age, in
order to prioritize problems and design effective interventions for
prevention and mitigation.

--Expected results include increases in: trafficking victims
intercepted; children reintegrated in families/communities; CSOs and
VSUs trained in victim identification, care and referral; the
percentage of military officers with correct understanding of their
responsibilities regarding TIP; prosecutors and judges trained; and
successful prosecutions.

5. International Labour Office (ILO), sub-regional office, Addis
Requested funding amount: USD 415,000.
Project title: Anti-TIP Actions via Technical Assistance and Legal
Project duration: 2 years

--Proposal abstract: Current efforts by national authorities to
tackle TIP include legal reforms. Ethiopia's House of
Representatives approved research on trafficking, which may be used
to lobby for future legislation; the Ministry of Justice recently
produced a study of the existing legislative framework relevant to
international conventions; and the Ministry of Labor and Social
Affairs is reviewing its Private Employment Agency Proclamation,
adopted following the ratification of the ILO Convention No. 181,
which aims to curb the risks of Ethiopian domestic workers becoming
TIP victims overseas.

--ILO will submit draft legislation to the House of Representatives.
Given the long time often required for legislation to be adopted in
Ethiopia, a draft is more likely than the effective adoption of the
legislation. ILO will draft bilateral migration agreements and
initiate negotiations between Ethiopia and selected Gulf countries
on their adoption.

-- ILO proposes several workshops to sensitize officials from
national authorities and relevant NGOs, in collaboration with IOM
and UN agencies such as UNICEF and OHCHR. Training workshops would
be held for federal and regional state judiciary, prosecutors, and
police. Workshops will target groups separately and jointly, to
promote collaboration between them. Possibly in collaboration with
Europol or Interpol, police will be trained to track traffickers and
protect victims.

6. Forum on Street Children Ethiopia (FSCE)
Requested funding amount: USD 104, 966.47; indirect costs: USD
Project title: Counter Child Trafficking in Addis Ababa and
Shashemane Towns
Project duration: 2 years

--Proposal abstract: This project will implement prevention,
protection, and prosecution with a focus on Addis Ababa and
Shashemane towns. Its core implementing partners, the Police
Commission's Child Protection Units, are strategically located in
the bus terminals of these two regional state cities. Prevention
efforts will include advocacy and awareness-raising via workshops
and training, print and electronic media, mini media (anti-
trafficking information dissemination desk) within the bus
terminals, anti-trafficking campaigns, dialogue and community
conversation. Protection efforts will strengthen and improve CPU's
existing services through shelter expansion, new staff hires, and
upgraded training regimens. CPU community workers will refer
reported cases of child trafficking to NGOs, to aid family
reunification and enhance service provision. Discussion fora and
training of prosecutors and police will increase child trafficking
prosecutions. Neighborhood dialogues with local authorities will
help the public. The project aims to reunify trafficking victims
with their families, increase government involvement and
coordination, and inform children and families on how to protect
themselves from trafficking.

7. Name of the applicant: Organization for the Prevention,
Rehabilitation, and Integration of Female Street Children (OPRIFS)
Requested funding amount: USD 281,969.50.
Project title: Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation of Female
Trafficked Children through Diversified Interventions in Amhar
Regional State
Project duration: 2 years

--Proposal abstract: The project aims to address child trafficking
challenges by focusing on two urban and three suburban/satellite
kebeles in Bahir Dar City, Amhara Regional State. Several studies

ADDIS ABAB 00001281 003 OF 003

(IOM, 2003; FSCE, 2003a, 2003b; MOLSA, 2001) show the overwhelming
majority of trafficked children in Addis are from the Amhara Region
and Bahir Dar vicinity. OPRIFS confirms that the majority of Addis
Ababa trafficking victims it services originate from East and West
Gojam, South Gondar, and North Wollo Zones of the Amhara region
(OPRIFS 2005/2006 Report). Traditionally, OPRIFS has focused on
trafficked women and street children in Addis Ababa. FSCE-brokered
family reunification efforts from Addis Ababa have proven to be
difficult, costly, and time-consuming. Equally difficult is
ensuring that children newly reintegrated into their communities are
retained by their families in the long-term. OPRIFS' program
expansion to Amhara will help to enhance preventive activities and
contain the influx of trafficked children to regional towns, where
reintegration and follow-up may be easier and the degrees of
trafficking abuse less severe.

--OPRIFS intends to launch a project in Bahir Dar revolving around
prevention, protection, rehabilitation, advocacy, prosecution,
operational research, and learning. Prevention will include
awareness training for traffickers, brokers, long-distance drivers
and their assistants, religious and informal community leaders, as
well as public education through mass media (particularly radio).
It will also help establish school clubs and provide financial
support to especially vulnerable girls. Protection will include
providing victims with basic necessities (food, temporary shelter,
clothes, and sanitary and recreation facilities). Programming will
seek to rehabilitate victims through skill/vocational training,
counseling and guidance, training in preventive healthcare, basic
numeracy, etc. Concentrating on advocacy and policy influence, the
prosecution component provides training for law enforcement staff
and legal aid services for victims. Operational research will focus
on outcome-driven baseline studies, a tool to design intervention
strategies and provide measurable project impacts.


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