Cablegate: Uk Support for Malaria Programs
RR RUEHBL RUEHED
DE RUEHLO #1763/01 1301058
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R 101058Z MAY 07
FM AMEMBASSY LONDON
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 3356
INFO RUEHRO/AMEMBASSY ROME 3377
RUEHFR/AMEMBASSY PARIS 2870
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1035
RUEHOT/AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 1027
RUEHED/AMCONSUL EDINBURGH 0752
RUEHBL/AMCONSUL BELFAST 0804
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 2265
RUEHRL/AMEMBASSY BERLIN 2440
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 LONDON 001763
FOR OES DANO WILUSZ AND E BENEDICT WOLF
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: TBIO SENV UK
SUBJECT: UK SUPPORT FOR MALARIA PROGRAMS
REF STATE 58735
1. Summary. The UK maintains active programs to combat malaria
with specific countries and through international organizations. It
also funds malaria research. It marked World Malaria Day through a
press release and by the visit by International Development
Secretary Hilary Benn to malaria related sites in Rwanda on that
day. It has not signaled to us plans to increase malaria program
funds, but the office of the Chancellor (and likely next Prime
Minister) Gordon Brown has indicated his personal interest in
developing a malaria program in conjunction with the U.S. and
perhaps other G-8 members. End Summary.
2. In response to embassy's demarche on G-8 efforts on malaria,
Team Leader for Malaria at the UK Department for International
Development (DfID) Delna Ghandhi provided the information below on
current UK programs. She did not indicate, nor did her colleague,
Tim Stern, at HM Treasury's Global Health
International Poverty Reduction Team, that the UK was contemplating
any increases to these programs.
3. Separately, however, the office of Chancellor Brown contacted
the embassy on Malaria Action Day for information on U.S. programs,
which we provided, drawing on reftel and the fightingmalaria.gov
website. The Chancellor's office signaled that he was personally
interested in exploring how to increase international cooperation in
the fight against malaria. We will continue to follow up with his
staff to determine how he would like to proceed.
4. Begin Text of UK response:
We support countries to develop strong and sustainable health
services to address all causes of illness including malaria. This
allows countries to invest in training and expansion of the number
of health workers.
DFID provides direct support to malaria control in several
countries. Examples include:
Nigeria: GBP 50 million to improve malaria control. Malaria is the
leading cause of child mortality in Nigeria, causing a quarter of a
million deaths a year. It is also a significant factor in maternal
mortality. This program will provide subsidized bed nets for the
poor and vulnerable, appropriate ACT treatment for children and
intermittent preventive treatment of pregnant women. It aims to
directly prevent 220,000 deaths.
Kenya: DFID has committed GBP 47.4 million for social marketing of
insecticide treated nets (ITNs), with the goal of reaching 60%
coverage of children under five and 40% coverage of pregnant women
by the end of 2007, by selling 11.1 million nets at highly
subsidised and affordable prices.
Malawi: Delivery of ITNs is combined with other services. A
nationwide programme has been in operation through ante-natal
services since 2002. More than 100,000 ITNs have been delivered
every month since the programme began, and solid results achieved.
ITN coverage of under-fives has risen from around 8% in 2000 to more
than 60% in some districts in 2006.
Ghana: Our support has helped procure 1.8 million long-lasting ITNs
through UNICEF for free distribution to children under two as part
of the November 2006 measles campaign.
Democratic Republic of Congo: 1 million nets have been distributed
over a period of four years from 2003 to 2006.
Tanzania: ITNs are being rolled-out through a subsidised voucher
scheme for pregnant women involving over 3,000 service delivery
outlets. This is enabling more women to access ITNs, and is helping
create more demand for local production.
UK support to International Organisations and Partnerships
* World Health Organization and UNICEF, who provide support to
countries to address malaria.
* GFATM: DFID is a key donor to GFATM having committed GBP 359
million through to 2008 (subject to performance).
* UNITAID: Supports the provision of drugs and diagnostics for AIDS,
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TB and Malaria. The UK is making a 20-year contribution, starting
with GBP 15 million in 2007, and, subject to the outcome of a joint
assessment of the performance of UNITAID, rising to GBP 40 million a
year by 2010.
* Roll Back Malaria (RBM): Launched in 1998. DFID is a board member
and has contributed GBP 49 million to date. The UK contribution for
2006 was GBP 850,000.
Support for Research:
Development of new drugs for malaria: DFID is providing Medicines
for Malaria Venture with GBP 10 million over five years (2005-2010)
and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative with GBP 6.5 million
over the next three years.
DFID supports consortia led by the London School of Hygiene and
Tropical Medicine and the Nuffield Institute at Leeds University for
research in communicable diseases including malaria. They receive
GBP 5 million each over five years.
5. To mark World Malaria Day, DFID issued a press release
(available at www.dfid.gov.uk/news/files/
pressreleases/bednet-malaria.asp) highlighting the need for more bed
nets, access to medicine and research. It also noted that DFID
Secretary Hilary Benn would be at a center in Rwanda on that day
where the anti-malarial bed nets are distributed.