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Cablegate: Trafficking in Persons Update for Tanzania

VZCZCXYZ0042
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHDR #1183/01 2331423
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 211423Z AUG 07
FM AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6675
INFO RUEHJB/AMEMBASSY BUJUMBURA PRIORITY 2578
RUEHLGB/AMEMBASSY KIGALI PRIORITY 1010
RUEHNR/AMEMBASSY NAIROBI PRIORITY 0762
RUEHKM/AMEMBASSY KAMPALA PRIORITY 3062
RUEHC/DEPT OF LABOR WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEAUSA/DEPT OF HHS WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY

UNCLAS DAR ES SALAAM 001183

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

G/TIP FOR RYOUSEY,ALEMAR; AF/E FOR RMEYERS, INL/HSTC;
PASS TO HHS FOR MAGGIE WYNN;
PAS TO DOL FOR STEVEN GENSON

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL HSTC SOCI EAID PREF PGOV KWMN SMIG KCRM
TZ
SUBJECT: TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS UPDATE FOR TANZANIA


SUMMARY
--------
1. (U) The Government of Tanzania (GOT), International
Organization for Migration (IOM) and NGOs are addressing
trafficking in persons (TIP) on a number of fronts. The
Ministry of Health is working with IOM to increase awareness
of TIP and IOM is finalizing the report of its 2006 research
assessment. IOM has partnered with an NGO to provide
assistance to male victims of trafficking and has met with
potential partners to provide assistance on Zanzibar.
Training of health care workers is ongoing and training is
planned for new prosecutors and members of Parliament.
Mainland and Zanzibar officials are consulting regarding
draft legislation on TIP, a process which has delayed the
bill's introduction to Parliament but should ensure quick
approval once introduced and comprehensive coverage when
enacted. END SUMMARY.

MINISTRY OF HEALTH
------------------
2. (U) The Ministry of Health's National Aids Control
Program (NACP) has agreed to sub-award unallocated funds from
the Human Trafficking program funded by the US Department of
Health and Human Services (DHHS). NACP has agreed to
sub-award these funds to the International Organization for
Migration (IOM) to conduct awareness-raising activities. IOM
is developing a proposal and budget to discuss with NACP on
or about August 21.

3. (U) As part of the Human Trafficking DHHS program, the
NACP has proposed conducting a situational analysis of TIP in
eight regions (Iringa, Morogoro, Dodoma, Manyara, Arusha,
Singida, Tanga and Dar es Salaam). The proposal includes
data collection, workshops, travel, data analysis and report
writing at a budget of USD 134,170. If the situational
analysis is conducted with the budget proposed, approximately
USD 300,000 of the DHHS funds remain unallocated. If the
situational analysis is not conducted, the unallocated funds
are approximately USD 435,000.

4. (U) BACKGROUND: The NACP's proposal of August 31, 2004,
requested USD 500,000 for (a) increasing public awareness of
TIP, (b) providing training for health care workers, (c)
conducting an assessment of the effectiveness of law
enforcement response to TIP, and (d) assessing the capacity
of local government and civil society to care for victims.
HHS funded the proposal in full.

5. (U) NACP conducted a brainstorming workshop with partners
in 2005 (cost: USD 1,589), created a training manual for
health care workers in 2005-2006 (USD 3,690) and conducted a
train-the-trainers training in May 2007 (USD 20,219). The
remaining funds must be obligated by September 30, 2007, and
expended by December 31, 2007. END BACKGROUND.

6. (U) COMMENT: The proposed situational analysis is
similar to the six-region research assessment conducted by
IOM in 2006 with USD 61,358 from the Bureau for Population,
Refugees and Migration (PRM). Accordingly, the NACP's
proposed budget of twice the amount of the previous study
merits review. END COMMENT.

HEALTH CARE WORKERS TRAINING
----------------------------
7. (U) NACP conducted a half-day session on TIP as part of a
training for National Care and Treatment trainers and
Regional and District AIDS Control Coordinators June 12-14 in
Dar es Salaam. The 41 participants from 21 regions are
conducting this same training for health care workers in
their regions and NACP expects the regional training to be
completed by December 31, 2007.

VICTIM ASSISTANCE
-----------------
8. (U) IOM has partnered with Child in the Sun (CIS), an NGO
which provides shelter and assistance to street children and
which will provide assistance to male TIP victims. CIS
operates three shelters where boys can remain for up to three
years while they attend school and vocational training. CIS
organizes children into groups of six during rehabilitation
of a few months during which time IOM sponsors the TIP
victims. Children then live as families at the larger,
longer-term facility in Dar es Salaam, where CIS supports
them.

9. (U) Tal Raviv, Program Development Officer at IOM,
conducted a half-day training at CIS on July 26, involving
implementing partner KIWOHEDE to discuss identifying and
interviewing TIP victims and special vulnerabilities of
trafficked children. CIS and KIWOHEDE are cross-referring
victims for assistance as KIWOHEDE assists girls and CIS
assists boys.

10. (U) From April 1 through June 30, 2007, IOM's
implementing partner KIWOHEDE received 23 female TIP victims,
referred by police (17), street leaders (2), NGOs (2), social
welfare worker (1), and television station (1).

11. (U) In July, Par Liljert, Country Director of IOM, and
Tal Raviv, Program Development Officer at IOM, met with
representatives of NGOs on Zanzibar which may be able to
provide assistance to TIP victims. Liljert and Raviv were
encouraged by their meetings and hope an implementing
partnership will be in place by early 2008.

RESEARCH ASSESSMENT
-------------------
12. (SBU) On July 26, Par Liljert, Country Director of IOM,
provided a draft of the long-anticipated IOM report of the
research assessment and baseline information funded by PRM in
2006. Liljert recognized the delay in providing even a draft
report and emphasized internal IOM problems caused the delay
and not substantive issues regarding the data collection or
analysis. Liljert said IOM headquarters was pushing for
completion of the national report and merging it into a
regional report. Given the delay in the report's completion
(data was collected January through March 2006), Poloff urged
IOM to produce the report upon its completion rather than
further delaying its release by merging it into a regional
report.

PROSECUTOR TRAINING
-------------------
13. (U) The hiring of 165 public prosecutors has been
delayed due to the GOT budget cycle, thereby delaying the
training of these new hires. Eliezer Feleshi, Director of
Public Prosecutions, told Poloff August 16 the hiring process
has been turned over to the Ministry of Justice's Director
for Administration, a post in transition with the new
Director expected August 24. Feleshi emphasized the Ministry
of Justice is very interested in the TIP training program and
said enthusiastically: "We want it!" Poloff emphasized the
need to stay in communication regarding this opportunity as
advance planning is essential.

14. (U) BACKGROUND: On May 21, 2007, Eliezer Feleshi,
Director of Public Prosecutions, asked Poloff for USG
assistance in training 165 public prosecutors to be hired in
August 2007. Poloff replied the USG could provide such
training through the President's Initiative to Monitor and
Combat Trafficking in Persons, but emphasized at least 30
days' notice would be required. The DPP requested one-week
training sessions regarding TIP as part of a six-week
introductory training course planned to take place in
Morogoro, approximately one hour from Dar es Salaam. END
BACKGROUND.

LEGISLATION
-----------
15. (U) The GOT is awaiting input from Zajz!c:Qkg&h#Ae!(C?cg8Eb'QAregarding the draft TIP legislation, Angela Nyoni, Director
of Policy and Planning at the Ministry of Public Safety and
Security told PolAsst July 31. The TIP legislation may be
introduced at the next session of Parliament
(October-November 2007) and, if so, could be voted on in the
following session (January 2008).

16. (SBU) COMMENT: The decision of the Union government to
solicit the views of Zanzibar authorities regarding anti-TIP
legislation has slowed its introduction into the Union
Parliament, but is likely to ensure its quick approval once
it is introduced and to make anti-TIP efforts more effective
through consistent application of the law both on the
Mainland and in Zanzibar. However, until the legislation is
passed, the anti-TIP unit of the Ministry of Public Safety
and Security remains handicapped in prosecuting TIP cases.
Post continues to remind high-level GOT and Zanzibar
officials of the necessity of introducing anti-TIP
legislation, put on a fast track by President Kikwete in
January 2007, as soon as possible. END COMMENT.

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT TRAINING
------------------------------
17. (U) Post has asked the Tanganyika Law Society (TLS) to
confirm it has USD 12,000 provided by the American Bar
Association in late 2006 to train members of Parliament on
draft legislation regarding TIP.

18. (SBU) BACKGROUND: In July, Geoffrey Sekira, Director
of Continuous Legal Education at the TLS told PolAsst that
because the ABA funds were insufficient to pay the sitting
allowance for members of Parliament (approximately USD 80),
TLS decided to use the funds to "pursue cases of TIP or acts
similar to TIP cases in prisons." Sekira did not provide
details regarding these cases or confirm they had been
concluded, and has not provided a financial report as post
requested. Yvonne Darkwa-Poku of ABA confirmed TLS did
not/not have an option regarding use of these funds and that
any use other than training members of Parliament was not
authorized by ABA. Darkwa-Poku said she received a letter of
apology from TLS which agreed to use the funds to train
members of Parliament when the draft legislation is
introduced. END BACKGROUND.
RETZER

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