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Cablegate: Cairo Goss Chief On Local South Sudanese Issues

VZCZCXRO5460
PP RUEHGI RUEHMA RUEHROV
DE RUEHEG #2961 2761423
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 031423Z OCT 07
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7095
INFO RUCNFUR/DARFUR COLLECTIVE

UNCLAS CAIRO 002961

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PHUM EG SU
SUBJECT: CAIRO GOSS CHIEF ON LOCAL SOUTH SUDANESE ISSUES

REF: A. CAIRO 2953

B. CAIRO 2937

Sensitive but unclassified, not for Internet distribution.

1. (SBU) Summary: In a September 30 introductory meeting with
poloffs, Government of South Sudan (GOSS) liaison office head
Parmena Makuet Mangar sought USG support on a list of GOSS
grievances, discussed his recent meeting with Darfur rebels
in Cairo (ref A), and detailed the problems facing the South
Sudanese community in Egypt. End summary.

--------------------------------------------- ---
GOSS Requests USG Pressure on CPA Implementation
--------------------------------------------- ---

2. (SBU) On September 30, poloffs paid an introductory call
on Government of South Sudan (GOSS) liaison office head
Parmena Makuet Mangar. Mangar received poloffs warmly,
emphasizing the "shared values" between the GOSS and the USG
and thanking poloffs for the USG role in formulating the 2005
Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). Mangar complained that
the Sudanese government (GOS) is still not in compliance with
the CPA regarding withdrawal of Sudanese Armed Forces,
implementing the Abyei Protocols, north/south border
demarcation, and wealth sharing. The GOSS is committed to a
unified Sudan, Mangar said, but these issues "are driving the
people towards separation" when they vote on Sudanese unity
in 2011. Mangar asked for continued USG support on these
issues; poloffs stressed that the USG is calling on all
parties for full implementation of the CPA. Mangar also
thanked the USG for "lifting sanctions on South Sudan,"
though poloffs corrected him, noting that U.S. sanctions on
Sudan apply to the country as a whole, not just the north.

--------------------------------------------- ----
South Sudanese Face Social, Repatriation Problems
--------------------------------------------- ----

3. (SBU) Mangar said that his office spends much of its time
assisting the South Sudanese community in Egypt, which Mangar
estimated at 300,000. Many South Sudanese are poor and
cannot find jobs, good education or health care, and some are
turning to street gangs. The Egyptian government does not
have the resources to provide for them, Mangar said -
"Egyptians are poor too." Mangar says his office is
constantly trying to assist South Sudanese who would like to
return home, but they are facing a prohibitively arduous and
expensive journey (ref B). On education in particular,
Mangar said that many South Sudanese, who are raised on
English instruction, have problems with predominantly Arabic
instruction in Egypt. Mangar suggested that the USG work
with the American University in Cairo to establish
scholarships for South Sudanese to study there.
JONES

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