Search

 

Cablegate: Heavy Support Package Update

VZCZCXRO9259
PP RUEHGI RUEHMA RUEHROV
DE RUEHKH #1608/01 2880519
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 150519Z OCT 07
FM AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8829
INFO RUCNFUR/DARFUR COLLECTIVE
RHMFISS/CJTF HOA

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 KHARTOUM 001608

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE, SIPDIS

DEPT FOR AF/SPG, S/CRS, AF/SE NATSIOS, AF/AS FRAZER
DEPT PLS PASS USAID FOR AFR/SUDAN
NSC FOR PITTMAN AND HUDSON

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL KPKO SOCI AU UN SU

SUBJECT: HEAVY SUPPORT PACKAGE UPDATE

SUMMARY
-------

1. (SBU) Summary. In an October 4 report, the Chief of Plans for
UNAMID Transition, Colonel Johnstone, in El Fasher, North Darfur,
described current UNAMID deployment status. He termed GOS
cooperation to date as "reasonable," noted the complexity of the
transition, provided a rundown of troop contributions to date, and
cited the lack of helicopters as negatively affecting their
capabilities. End Summary.

GOS COOPERATION: REASONABLE
---------------------------

2. (SBU) He described GoS efforts to facilitate deployment of the
Heavy Support Package (HSP) as 'overall reasonable.' He said there
were a few problems with local authorities, but felt these problems
stemmed from issues over payment and proper paperwork, not from any
GoS policy of obstruction. Other problems, he said, were due to the
sheer complexity and magnitude of the deployment operation.

AN EXTREMELY LARGE, COMPLEX UNDERTAKING
---------------------------------------

3. (SBU) Observers and many UNAMID officers believe that the
AMIS-UNAMID transition is the most complex operation in UN history.
No matter how cooperative and supportive the GoS chooses to be, the
enlargement of a 7,000 person AMIS force into a hybrid force of over
23,000 soldiers plus thousands of civpols and civilians, in a large,
remote area with little water and natural resources faces a number
of logistical and organizational challenges. Darfur is already
straining to support the indigenous population, and is still
undergoing desertification.

4. (SBU) Water will be a limiting factor, and UNAMID is in the
process of obtaining permission to use the required tracts of land.
While African nations have pledged significant numbers of infantry
units to maintain UNAMID's 'African character,' the UN is focused on
recruiting larger units (800 instead of 680 man battalions), and,
perhaps more importantly, ensuring that they are adequately
equipped. The HSP still has insufficient pledges for medium
transport helicopters, tactical helicopters, and heavy ground
transportation assets. Finally, the UN has not yet signed contracts
for the support and maintenance at its camps.

ISSUES WITH LOCAL OFFICIALS
---------------------------

5. (SBU) At the same time, there are small but important issues
related to deployment of UNAMID troops that need to be resolved.
Local officials at Port Sudan's Port Authority have raised concerns
with the Ministry of Interior and other ministries over who will pay
for the port service fees associated with use of the port. Local
officials in El Fasher have demanded to know the UN's authority to
operate communications equipment in Sudan. Johnstone dismissed this
issue as already being covered in their Status of Forces Agreement
(SOFA). He further stated that this issue requires time and effort
to reach a mutually satisfactory understanding with local officials.

HEAVY SUPPORT PACKAGE UPDATE
----------------------------

6. (SBU) In an October 4 AMIS report, AMIS described the Heavy
Support Package (HSP) selected, and accepted Troop Contributing
Countries (TCC):

Military Assets Strength Accepted TCC

SECTOR: NORTH/NORTH DARFUR
--------------------------

Multi-Role Engineer 275 Pakistan
Signal Company 150 Egypt

SECTOR: SOUTH/SOUTH DARFUR
--------------------------

Multi-Role Engineer 275 China
Heavy Transport 200 Egypt
Multi-Role Logistics 300 Bangladesh
Utility Helicopter
(SIX Helicopters) 160 NONE
Air Recon
(THREE Aircraft) 50 Pakistan
Light Tactical Helicopter 200 NONE

KHARTOUM 00001608 002 OF 002


(SIX Helicopters)
Level III Hospital 120 Pakistan

SECTOR: WEST/WEST DARFUR
------------------------
Multi-Role Engineer 275 Egypt
Level II Hospital 60 Nigeria


TOTAL 2065

TOTAL WITH FORCE PROTECTION 2250

7. (SBU) The AU-UN agreed Troop Contributing Countries, pending
Pre-Deployment Visits are:

-- Burkina Faso - Infantry Battalion
-- Egypt - Infantry Battalion
-- Ethiopia - Infantry Battalion
- Multi-Role Logistics Company
- Recon Company
- Medium Heavy Transport Company
- Gambia - Force HQ Company
- Recon Company
- Ghana - Infantry Battalion
- Kenya - Military Police Company
- Malawi - Infantry Battalion
- Mali - Infantry Battalion
- Nigeria - Recon Company
- Sector Reserve Company
- Senegal - Infantry Battalion
- Bangladesh - Sector Reserve Company
- Jordan - Multi-Role Logistics Company
- Nepal - Force Reserve/Special Forces Co.
- Sector Reserve Company
- Netherlands - Level II Hospital
- Nordics - Multi-Role Engineer Company
- Thailand - Infantry Battalion

Note: While the report lists Nordic and Thailand troops as
"accepted," we understand that the GoS has not accepted these
troops. End Note.

8. (SBU) The report identified several shortfalls in critical areas:
three Medium Utility Wings, two Medium Heavy Transportation
Companies, and a Light Tactical Helicopter Wing. UNAMID said the
shortfalls will have a negative impact on operational and logistical
capabilities.

-------
COMMENT
-------

9. (SBU) The UN faces enormous challenges in Darfur, but, so far,
the obstacles to deployment of the AU-UN Hybrid force are more
logistical and organizational than political. According to UN
commanders, GoS has been reasonable in facilitating this operation.

POWERS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 

New IPCC Report: ‘Unprecedented Changes’ Needed To Limit Global Warming

Limiting global warming to 1.5°C will require “far-reaching and unprecedented changes,” such as ditching coal for electricity to slash carbon emissions, says a special report that finds some of the actions needed are already under way, but the world must move faster… More>>

ALSO:

Jamal Khashoggi: UK, France, Germany Join Calls For Credible Investigation

Germany, the United Kingdom and France share the grave concern expressed by others including HRVP Mogherini and UNSG Guterres, and are treating this incident with the utmost seriousness. More>>

ALSO:

MSF Not Wanted: Nauru Government Shows Continued Callousness

The Nauruan Government’s decision to ask Doctors Without Borders to immediately leave shows continued callousness towards asylum seekers desperately seeking a safe place to call home, Green MP Golriz Ghahraman said today. More>>

ALSO:

Sulawesi Quake, Tsunami: Aid Response Begins

Oxfam and its local partners are standing by to deploy emergency staff and resources to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, as an estimated 1.5 million people are thought to be affected by the massive earthquake and tsunami that hit on Friday. More>>

ALSO:

Decriminalising Same-Sex Relationships: UN Rights Chief Applauds Indian Decision

“This is a great day for India and for all those who believe in the universality of human rights," Bachelet said. "With this landmark decision, the Indian Supreme Court has taken a big step forward for freedom and equality...” More>>

ALSO:

 
 
 
 
 
 
  • Pacific.Scoop
  • Cafe Pacific
  • PMC