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Cablegate: Unga Second Committee: International Trade,

VZCZCXYZ0000
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUCNDT #1164/01 3472248
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 132248Z DEC 07
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3324
INFO RUEHLB/AMEMBASSY BEIRUT PRIORITY 1223
RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA PRIORITY 1768
RUEHDO/AMEMBASSY DOHA PRIORITY 0229
RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD PRIORITY 1721
RUEHLI/AMEMBASSY LISBON PRIORITY 0550
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 2971
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA PRIORITY 0711

UNCLAS USUN NEW YORK 001164

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: EFIN ECIN EAID AORC KWMN SOCI PREL UNGA LE
SUBJECT: UNGA SECOND COMMITTEE: INTERNATIONAL TRADE,
LEBANON OIL SLICK, FINANCING FOR DEVELOPMENT AND OTHER
ACTIONS

REF: A. STATE 164428
B. STATE 164396
C. STATE 164427
D. STATE 164421
E. STATE 164390

1. Summary. The United Nations General Assembly's Second
Committee adopted fourteen resolutions by consensus during
its December 7 session. In accordance with Ref A and Ref B,
the U.S. called for a vote and gave an Explanation of Vote
(EOV) on the international trade and Lebanon oil slick draft
resolutions. The U.S. joined consensus and delivered
Explanations of Position (EOPs) for draft resolutions on
external debt, financing for development, globalization,
combating corruption, and women in development. The
Committee also adopted by consensus draft resolutions on
sustainable mountain development, science and technology for
development, the UN Conference on the Least Developed
Countries, the UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty,
human resources development, South-South cooperation for
development and the UN Institute for Training and Research.
U.S. statements can be found under the December 7 Press
Releases on the USUN website, http://www.un.int/usa. End
summary.

International Trade and Development
-----------------------------------

2. The Committee first considered draft resolution
A/C.2/62/L.10 entitled "International trade and development,"
submitted under Agenda item 52(a). In accordance with Ref A,
the U.S. called for a vote on the resolution as a whole.
With a vote of 109-47(U.S.)-5, the resolution was adopted.
The U.S. delivered the EOV included in reftel. In a notable
change from previous years, European Union and several other
like-minded states voted no instead of abstaining (last year
the U.S. cast the only "no" vote). On behalf of the EU,
Portugal gave an EOV on its vote against the resolution,
stating that the resolution was imbalanced, did not take into
account recent progress in the Doha round of trade
negotiations, and called for a fresh text to be introduced
next year in order to reach consensus. The EU also expressed
its firm opposition to operative paragraph 25 requesting the
UN Secretary-General to transmit the resolution to the WTO to
be circulated as an official WTO document. Australia echoed
these sentiments in a statement also on behalf of Canada and
New Zealand (CANZ). Switzerland and Japan also called for a
more consensual outcome in the future.

Lebanon Oil Slick
-----------------

3. The Committee then considered draft resolution
A/C.2/62/L.21/Rev.1 entitled "Oil slick on Lebanon shores"
submitted under Agenda item 54 (a). In accordance with Ref
B, the U.S. called for a vote on the resolution, as did
Israel. With a vote of 153-7(U.S.)-2, the resolution was
adopted. In its EOV, Israel noted the disturbing increase in
the politicization of the Committee's work distracts it from
more substantive issues and criticized the resolution's
one-sided nature and "stunning" omission of key aspects of
the issue. In its EOV, Lebanon thanked delegations for their
support, provided a litany of the "catastrophic"
environmental effects of this oil slick, and stated that
Israeli action was a "blatent violation of international
law."

Resolution With U.S. EOPs
-------------------------

4. The Committee adopted by consensus several resolutions
for which the United States joined consensus and delivered an
Explanation of Position (EOP). For draft resolution
A/C.2/62/L.57, "External debt crisis and development,"
submitted under Agenda item 52(c), the U.S. delivered an EOP
per Ref C. For draft resolution A/C.2/62/L.59, "Follow-up to
and implementation of the outcome of the International
Conference on Financing for Development (FFD)," submitted
under Agenda item 53, Pakistan, on behalf of the G-77, stated
in its EOP that the FFD follow-up Conference in Doha in 2008
should be a Summit, attended at the highest possible
political level. On behalf of the EU, Portugal noted in its
EOP that the outcome of the Doha FFD Conference should be a

short, political statement and that each country will take a
sovereign position on how best to represent itself at the
Conference. The U.S. delivered a brief, congratulatory
statement after the vote. (Note. See septel for further
detail on FFD deliberations. End note).

5. For draft resolution A/C.2/62/L.61, "Preventing and
combating corrupt practices and transfer of assets of illicit
origin and returning such assets, in particular to the
countries of origin, consistent with the United Nations
Convention against Corruption," submitted under Agenda item
56(c), the U.S. delivered an EOP per Ref D. Canada delivered
a similar EOP stressing that because the UN Convention
Against Corruption is the most important instrument to fight
corruption, the need for the UNGA to address this topic is
diminishing and therefore the 63rd UNGA session should
biennialize consideration of this Agenda item. For draft
resolution A/C.2/62/L.60, "Globalization and
interdependence," submitted under Agenda item 56(a), the U.S.
delivered an EOP questioning the need for this resolution.
For draft resolution A/C.2/62/L.50, "Women in development,"
submitted under Agenda item 58(b), the U.S. delivered EOP per
Ref E.

Other Action
------------

6. The Committee further adopted by consensus the following
draft resolutions:

--A/C.2/62/L.18/Rev.1 entitled, "Sustainable mountain
development," submitted under Agenda item 54(h).
--A/C.2/62/L.52 entitled, "Science and technology for
development," submitted under Agenda item 56(b).
--A/C.2/62/L.58 entitled, "Third United Nations Conference on
the Least Developed Countries," submitted under Agenda item
57(a).
--A/C.2/62/L.55 entitled, "Implementation of the first United
Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (1997-2006),"
submitted under Agenda item 58(a).
--A/C.2/62/L.51 entitled, "Human resources development"
submitted under Agenda item 58(c).
--A/C.2/62/L.54 entitled, "South-South cooperation for
development" submitted under Agenda item 59(c).
--A/C.2/62/L.53 entitled, "Training and research: United
Nations Institute for Training and Research," submitted under
Agenda item 60.
Khalilzad

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