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Cablegate: Kabul Governor On Security, Governance, and Ethnic

VZCZCXRO8616
RR RUEHIK RUEHPW RUEHYG
DE RUEHBUL #0112/01 0101042
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 101042Z JAN 08
FM AMEMBASSY KABUL
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 2350
INFO RUCNAFG/AFGHANISTAN COLLECTIVE
RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 4356
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHINGTON DC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/OSD WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUHEHMS/COMUSMARCENT MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 KABUL 000112

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/FO, SCA/A

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV AF

SUBJECT: Kabul Governor on Security, Governance, and Ethnic
Relations

Summary
-------

1. (SBU) According to its governor, Kabul province faces the
challenges of accommodating a rapidly growing and changing
population and uneven development. The Governor highlights subdued
ethnic tensions and the problems created by a lack of clearly
defined responsibilities among line ministries, provincial
authorities, and municipal government. The recent deterioration in
security in provinces around Kabul may be due more to crime than
insurgents.

Growing Pains
-------------

2. (U) On January 6, Kabul Province Governor Din Mohammed met with
the Ambassador to outline the challenges facing Kabul province,
which consists of 15 districts including the city itself. He
estimated the population of the province at over five million (three
to four million of which live in the city proper). While both the
province and city are traditionally Tajik who still constitute more
than half the province's population, an influx of repatriated
refugees has changed demographics. The Pashtun and Hazara
populations, especially in the outlying areas of the city, have
grown. Din Mohammad said he faces finding housing for the 100,000
returnees from Iran and Pakistan who have a UNHCR certificate
stating they are originally from Kabul. There are many others, not
originally from Kabul, who have come to the province in search of
jobs, good security, health and education.

3. (SBU) Din Mohammad acknowledged that provincial ethnic tensions
do exist, but said that discrimination against Pashtuns has
decreased in recent years. Previously, a Pashtun with a beard,
entering the province for the first time, had to fear being arrested
as a suspected terrorist. Uneven development and uneven access to
land and services distribution continues to generate some ethnic
tensions. Din Mohammad said he would like to steer development
towards the underserved southern districts of Surobi, Mussahi, and
Chahar Asyab, but these are predominantly Pashtun and this would
cause resentments elsewhere (including within the similarly
underserved Harzara areas).

Governance
----------

4. (SBU) Overshadowed by Kabul city's mayor, Rohullah Aman - also a
Pashtun - and by the line ministries, Din Mohammad complained he is
not left with enough authority or responsibility to make a
significant difference in the region. He complained of increased
distance from President Karzai.

Security
--------

5. (SBU) Din Mohammad distinguished between security problems in
Kabul and those in outlying provinces. Challenging the popular fear
that insurgents may be trying to encircle Kabul, he describes
security incidents as isolated and often contrived. He claimed that
police in Mussahi district are simply trying to attract attention.
Investigating a rocket attack in Surobi district, he determined that
it was the result of a police corruption scheme aimed at trucks
coming in from Pakistan.

Bio Note
--------

6. (U) Governor Hajji Din Mohammad was born in Nangarhar in 1953 and
has served as governor of Kabul province since July 2005. A Pashtun
from the Gilzai tribe, he is well educated, well traveled, and has a
long history of service to Afghanistan. Both he and his brother,
Hajji Abdul Qadeer, have served as governor of Nangarhar province.
His brother also served as the Minister of Urban Development in the
Afghan Interim Government. During the Emergency Loya Jirga, his
brother was considered for Vice-President and Minister of Public
Works but was assassinated by insurgents shortly thereafter.

7. (U) Din Mohammad has a degree in literature from Kabul
University. In 1974 he emigrated to Pakistan, where he became

KABUL 00000112 002 OF 002


engaged in the jihad against the Soviet occupation. He served as a
deputy to Mohammad Younus Khalis, deceased leader of the
Hezb-I-Islami Afghanistan faction, and was a member of the
Mujahideen Military Council. In this capacity, he was a member of
the Mujahideen delegation to the UN in New York between 1984-1987.
He also served as Minister of National Security during the Afghan
Interim Government in Peshawar. After the collapse of the communist
regime in 1992, Din Mohammad was appointed as the Deputy Prime
Minister and the Minister of Education. Later, Din Mohammad was
also appointed as Minister of Information and Culture.

8. (U) Din Mohammad is pro-government and anti-Taliban. After 9/11
and the collapse of the Taliban regime, Din Mohammad's younger
brother, Commander Abdul Haq and his son Ezatullah Sahil, were
captured and executed by Taliban insurgents in 2001. There is an
ongoing investigation.

Wood

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