Cablegate: Monuc's Kivus Conference Sitrep Report #8;

DE RUEHKI #0057/01 0211118
O 211118Z JAN 08





E.O. 12958: N/A
SUBJECT: MONUC'S Kivus Conference sitrep report #8;
Day 5 (January 13, 2008)

REF: (A) Kinshasa 0040; (B) Kinshasa 0046

Note: The following report was prepared by MONUC (pls protect) and
was shared with U.S. team in Goma. Reftels are previous
installments in this series. End note.


1. (U) Summary: South Kivu Communities finished their
presentations. North Kivu armed groups starting with CNDP take the
floor in this fifth day of plenary sessions. End summary.

2. (SBU) After the extremist speeches from yesterday, particularly
directed against the Banyamulenge by the Bembe and Fulero, the day
started with the declarations of the remaining communities of South
Kivu, whose delegates, although determined and swift in their
messages, adopted a more moderate tone for their deliberations. The
presentations of the Barundi, Shi, Tembo and Vira communities
however reiterated some of the main points that were made yesterday
by other South Kivu Communities, including the under representation
of their groups in the provincial administration, the insecurity
caused by foreign armed groups and the demand to strengthen
customary rights for the indigenous communities.

3. (SBU) The speech delivered by a female representative of the Shi
Community which represents the ethnic majority in the Bukavu area,
was not only well received, because it was the first declaration
delivered by a woman, but also because it did not target any
specific communities, but addressed all Congolese people. In an
emotional closure, the speaker called upon all communities to ask
their children to follow the path of peace and to be forewarned that
such a peace would not come free and without compromise. Only after
the speech was delivered, did it become clear that it had been
drafted by Vital Kamerhe and Marcelin Chishambo, Special Advisor to
President Kabila, both of them members of the Shi community.

4. (SBU) This reconciliatory tone also marked today's moderation by
Vital Kamerhe. Between the long and eagerly awaited declarations of
the North Kivu armed groups, Kamerhe pointed out aspects of consent
between the groups, rather than elaborating on the many aspects of
dissent. Moreover, he allowed representatives to speak
un-interrupted and to exceed the time limits of 15 minutes as has
been the practice of all moderators since the beginning of the

5. (SBU) Some of the commonalities between the armed groups included
their criticism of the GDRC for various reasons, mostly for not
honoring its responsibilities to protect the Congolese people, its
failure to safeguard national and territorial integrity, its
incapacity to foster an effective and inclusive security sector
reform and its discrimination against one or the other ethnic group.

6. (SBU) The head of the CNDP delegation Kambaru declared his
group's genuine ambition for peace. He claimed that the CNDP is not
a group with only ethnically oriented objectives and that its
members are patriots and nationalists in the "noblest sense of the
words". To make peace sustainable, however, he called upon the
GoDRC to abolish its discrimination of Tutsi, particularly in the
FARDC, and to stop its support for the Mayi-Mayi and PARECO armed
groups. He warned that because of its unwillingness to effectively
deal with the FDLR, the GDRC's popularity is decreasing, and that
legitimacy gained through elections "is not perennial and needs to
be earned in the eyes of citizens on a daily basis".

7. (SBU) The delegate admitted that the CNDP leadership had to make
some controversial decisions in the past such as the taking of
Bukavu in 2004. However, he emphasized that his leadership was not
given a choice, facing the obvious alliance between the FARDC and
the FDLR, insisting that this alliance must have been built with the
consent of the highest authorities.

8. (SBU) The CNDP delegate asked the GDRC to (a) address the
problems of FDLR, LRA, ADF-NALU and FNL; (b) allow for the return of
Jean-Pierre Bemba as the legitimate leader of the opposition; (c)
grant all IDPs and refugees their right to return to their
communities; (d) implement the Nairobi Accords; (e) withdraw all
arrest warrants against CNDP leaders as well as the release of
political prisoners; (f) re-establish a Truth and Reconciliation
Commission with proper resources and (g) not to hand Congolese
citizens over to international courts.

9. (SBU) The delegate of the PARECO armed group picked up the
legitimacy issue raised by the CNDP, declaring that the period of

KINSHASA 00000057 002 OF 002

"1+4" was past -- a hint that might have been directed to Azarias
Ruberwa who was sitting in the front row of the auditorium -- and
that the minority had to accept to be governed by the majority. At
the same time, PARECO urged the GoDRC to effectively eliminate the
FDLR problem and not to longer allow the International Community to
turn a blind eye to massacres committed against Congolese people.
The delegate warned that his group will not cease to exist as long
as the GDRC proves unable to stop Rwandan infiltration across the
border into the DRC. Finally, he called upon the International
Community to denounce the alleged presence of Rwandan troops in
North Kivu and demanded, as previously many of the communities, an
inter-Rwandan dialogue.

10. (SBU) Similar to the communities of North and South Kivu, of
which many had demanded stronger representation in provincial and
national administrative and government institutions, all armed
groups demanded a stronger representation in the FARDC. The CNDP
declared that the brassage was a failure and asked, how a strong
national army can be built if Tutsi are being discriminated at
entering the national forces. The PARECO delegate demanded the
inclusion of Mayi-Mayi and PARECO officers into the higher
leadership of the 8th and 10th Military Region, and criticized the
results of the mixage. Representatives of the three Mayi-Mayi
groups that spoke in today's plenary denounced the group's under
representation in military and civilian institutions, complaining
"that even the Tutsi" were not as marginalized as his group.

11. (SBU) Although the groups had some similar ideas about
potential ways to peace, some aspects evolved which could prove as
serious stumbling blocks. While PARECO called for an international
court to investigate war crimes, the CNDP claimed that international
justice is incompatible with state sovereignty. Moreover, PARECO
and Mayi-Mayi demanded a brassage in which the CNDP would be removed
from North Kivu, a position that the CNDP is unlikely to agree to.
Finally, the call for an inter-Rwandan dialogue by the Mayi-Mayi and
PARECO and the claim that the problems in North Kivu are rooted in
Rwanda, is hardly shared by the CNDP.

12. (SBU) The overall tone of the declarations by the armed groups
was nonetheless conciliatory and, apart from some mostly oblique
verbal attacks on other armed groups, moderate. Although being
enemies on the battle field, the delegate of the Mayi-Mayi and the
delegate of the CNDP shook hands when handing over the podium.
Despite the long presentations -- some of them lasted as long as an
hour instead of the planned 15 minutes -- the auditorium remained
attentive and engaged and actively responded to the delegates'

13. (SBU) At the end of today's proceedings, the Executive
Secretary of the Communaute Economique des Pays des Grands Lacs

(Economic Community of the Great Lakes) spoke to the audience,
offering to the DRC to effectively re-enter the body that is
normally comprised of Rwanda, Burundi and the DRC, which never
joined the body at its re-opening after it had been dislodged in the
early 1990's.


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