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Cablegate: Japanese Morning Press Highlights 01/10/08

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DEPT FOR E, P, EB, EAP/J, EAP/P, EAP/PD, PA;
WHITE HOUSE/NSC/NEC; JUSTICE FOR STU CHEMTOB IN ANTI-TRUST DIVISION;
TREASURY/OASIA/IMI/JAPAN; DEPT PASS USTR/PUBLIC AFFAIRS OFFICE;
SECDEF FOR JCS-J-5/JAPAN,
DASD/ISA/EAPR/JAPAN; DEPT PASS ELECTRONICALLY TO USDA
FAS/ITP FOR SCHROETER; PACOM HONOLULU FOR PUBLIC DIPLOMACY ADVISOR;
CINCPAC FLT/PA/ COMNAVFORJAPAN/PA.

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: OIIP KMDR KPAO PGOV PINR ECON ELAB JA

SUBJECT: JAPANESE MORNING PRESS HIGHLIGHTS 01/10/08

Index:

1) Top headlines
2) Editorials
3) Prime Minister's daily schedule (Nikkei)

4) Prime Minister Fukuda at G8 Summit will pledge 1 trillion yen in
aid over five years to developing countries for measures to counter
global warming (Nikkei)

5) Chief Cabinet Secretary Machimura welcomes possibility of a
female U.S. president (Nikkei)

6) Reciprocal visits between Japan, South Korea confirmed (Nikkei)


Diet agenda:
7) Antiterrorist bill to restart MSDF refueling in Indian Ocean will
be enacted tomorrow by Lower House override of rejection vote by
Upper House (Tokyo Shimbun)
8) Democratic Party of Japan's painful miscalculation: Forced to
reverse decision on antiterrorist bill when other opposition parties
balked at continuing deliberation (Mainichi)
9) DPJ wants resolution to respect views of Upper House in order to
seek to constrain ruling camp's abuse of two-thirds vote (Tokyo
Shimbun)
10) Lower House to charge former Defense Vice Minister Moriya, now
under arrest for receiving bribes, for perjury when he testified as
a sworn witness (Tokyo Shimbun)

11) Fukuda and DPJ head Ozawa engage in first party heads debate in
the Diet but skirt sensitive issue of "grand alliance" discussed in
prior meeting (Tokyo Shimbun)

12) Fukuda tells Ozawa in Diet debate that he does not agree there
was a broken promise to the public on the missing pension account
mess (Mainichi)
13) Exchange between Fukuda, Ozawa on the antiterrorist legislation
(Tokyo Shimbun)

Political agenda:
14) Fukuda favors establishing a "consumer agency" to focus
attention of key issues like food safety (Yomiuri)
15) Fukuda wants to use consumer agency idea to appeal to public but
even his cabinet is not fully on board (Yomiuri)
16) LDP asks well known political scientist Kabashima to run in
Kumamoto gubernatorial race (Asahi)
17) Former Prime Minister Abe wants to make comeback by rallying
together conservative political forces (Nikkei)

Defense and security issues:
18) Local community is not welcoming the possibility of NLP practice
by U.S. jets at Mage Island in Kagoshima (Yomiuri)
19) Government to toughen punitive measures for leaking defense
secrets (Nikkei)

SIPDIS
20) With eye on G8 summit, future Olympics, Tokyo developing
high-tech system to detect presence of terrorists entering Japan
(Tokyo Shimbun)

Articles:

1) TOP HEADLINES

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Asahi, Mainichi, and Tokyo Shimbun:
New antiterrorism law to be enacted tomorrow

Yomiuri:
Prime minister eyes creation of "Consumer Agency" to ensure food
safety

Nikkei:
Prime minister to announce that Japan will extend 1 trillion yen in
aid in five years to developing nations to help cut greenhouse gas
emissions

Sankei:
Government civil servant reform panel to call for compensation
system to pursue retired government officials' responsibility for
irregularities

Akahata:
Upper House committee to take vote on new antiterrorism legislation
today

2) EDITORIALS

Asahi:
(1) Party-head debate needs more heat
(2) Obama stealing U.S. presidential race

Mainichi:
(1) Fukuda-Ozawa debate failed to touch on grand coalition plan
(2) Organization for revitalizing local economies to be launched

Yomiuri:
(1) Is this all we can expect of debate among leaders?
(2) U.S. presidential race: Future course of "change" needs to be
watched

Nikkei:
(1) Fundamental pension reform must be discussed in party-head
debate
(2) Management of official documents requires solid legal system

Sankei:
(1) Party-head debate: National administration a responsibility for
ruling and opposition camps
(2) Extra nighttime classes must help increase teachers' quality

Tokyo Shimbun:
(1) Lackluster Fukuda-Ozawa debate
(2) U.S presidential face: Will change of tsunami occur?

Akahata:
(1) War-assisting legislation must be scrapped

3) Prime Minister's Official Residence (Kantei)

Prime Minister's schedule, January 9

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
January 10, 2008

09:51

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Arrived at Kantei.

12:04
Met with Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Futahashi.

14:31
Met with Chief Cabinet Secretary Machimura.

15:00
Attended one-on-one debate with DPJ President Ozawa at Diet.

17:24
Met at Kantei with Deputy Foreign Minister Kono.

18:08
Met with Economic and Fiscal Policy Minister Ota.

20:33
Returned to his private residence in Nozawa.

4) Global warming preventive measures: Premier to announce package
of financial assistance worth 1 trillion yen for developing
countries over five years

NIKKEI (Top Play) (Full)
January 10, 2009

A package of financial assistance to developing countries aimed at
preventing global warming, which Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda is
expected to announce shortly, was revealed yesterday. The package
features a total of 10 billion dollars (approximately 1.1 trillion
yen) in the form of grant aid or yen loans according to purposes,
such as emissions cuts and the dissemination of alternative energy
sources. The government wants to consolidate conditions that
developing countries, which are lagging behind in terms of the
implementation of global warming preventive measures, would find
acceptable, in creating a framework replacing the Kyoto Protocol,
which is to end in 2012,

Developing countries to be urged to take part in post-Kyoto
framework talks

Fukuda will announce this policy in a speech to be delivered this
month at the outset of the regular Diet session and in a speech to
be given at the Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum (Davos
Conference), regarding which coordination on his attendance is now
underway.

The Kyoto Protocol only targets industrialized countries. The
challenge is whether it is possible to involve developing countries,
whose greenhouse gas emissions are gradually increasing, in a new
framework starting in 2013. Japan wants to help developing countries
tackle global warming in the form of achieving a good balance
between economic growth and emissions cuts, thereby taking the
initiative in the creation of a new framework.

The package mentions that unlike assistance to developing countries
in the past, the new financial assistance is aimed at proactively
changing recipient countries' policies through consultations with
them. Specifically, the government has prepared three types of
assistance measures: (1) assistance to developing countries
alleviating global warming by reducing greenhouse gas emissions; (2)

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assistance for adaptation to global warming intended to help
developing countries, such as Asian countries, map out a disaster
prevention plan; and (3) the dissemination of alternative energies,
such as solar and geothermal power.

Projects eligible for Japan's assistance will likely include
improving the efficiency of China's outdated coal plants and helping
developing countries map out disaster prevention plans through the
creation and monitoring of meteorological data. For the
dissemination of the use of alternative energies, the government is
considering helping agricultural villages shift to the use of
electricity.

Funds will be provided through the Japan Bank for International
Cooperation (JBIC) and trade insurance, as well as in the form of
grant aid or yen loans. As the first step in that policy agenda,
Japan has started talks with Indonesia. An agreement on specific
measures will likely be reached as early as March. Funds will also
be extended to Tuvalu, which is on the verge of being submerged due
to the rise in sea level caused by global warming.

Britain has announced a plan to set up an environment reform fund to
provide 800 million pounds (approximately 170 billion yen) to
developing countries over three years. Japan's assistance will
exceed that amount.

With an eye on the G-8 (Lake Toya Summit) in July, where prevention
of global warming will top the agenda, Fukuda intends to rush to
coordinate domestic and foreign views on the adoption of mid-term
numerical targets for cutting greenhouse gas emissions, following
the announcement of the package of financial assistance.

Main points of new financial assistance

? Extending financial assistance worth 10 billion dollars to
developing countries over five years
? Three forms of assistance measures, including assistance for
alleviating the impact of global warming and assistance for
adaptation to global warming
? Promoting global warming preventive measures through policy talks
with developing countries
? Promoting participation of developing countries in post-Kyoto
Protocol framework talks
? Helping developing countries achieve a good balance between
environmental conservation and economic development, using
energy-conserving technologies.

5) Machimura welcomes possibility of woman president

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
January 10, 2008

In a press conference, Chief Cabinet Secretary Nobutaka Machimura
made the following comment about Senator Hillary Clinton vying for
the U.S. presidency: "The image of the United States is that women
are in a strong position. It would not surprise me if the country
elected a female president. It's up to the American people, and I
don't know their decision."

6) Resumption of Japan-ROK reciprocal visits confirmed

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)

TOKYO 00000068 005 OF 012


January 10, 2008

Vice Foreign Minister Shotaro Yachi held talks in Seoul on Jan. 9
with Lee Gyong Suk, chairman of the preparatory committee for the
new Korean administration to be launched in February. The two
leaders confirmed a policy direction to make efforts to
strengthening bilateral relations by, for instance, resuming annual
reciprocal visits of the top leaders of the two countries. Yachi
also expressed hope for resuming free trade agreement (FTA) talks,
which have been on hold.

They also agreed on working closely in dealing with the North Korean
nuclear issue. Regarding the issue of Japanese abducted by North
Korea in the past, Yachi also asked for cooperation, saying, "We
would like see (South Korea) actively address it from a humanitarian
perspective."

7) New refueling bill to be enacted tomorrow

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Top play) (Excerpts)
January 10, 2008

The Upper House Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defense in its
directors' meeting yesterday decided to take a vote at its meeting
this afternoon on the government-sponsored new antiterrorism special
measures bill (new refueling bill) that would allow the Maritime
Self-Defense Force (MSDF) to resume its mission in the Indian Ocean.
It will also vote on the major opposition Democratic Party of
Japan's (DPJ) counterproposal bill. Both bills are likely to be
rejected by a majority of votes in a committee meeting. It has
become certain that the new refueling bill, after being voted down
in the Upper House plenary session tomorrow, will be put to the
second vote on the same day in the Lower House, where the ruling
bloc holds a two-thirds majority of seats, and enacted the same
day.

The ruling bloc's initial plan was that if the new refueling bill
were not put to the vote in the Upper House plenary session by Jan.
11, the ruling bloc would put the bill to a second vote in
accordance with the Constitution's provision that states the Upper
House's failure to take final action within sixty (60) days after
receipt of a bill passed by the Lower House may be determined by the
Lower House to constitute a rejection of the said bill by the Upper
House. Jan. 12 will mark the 60th day after the Upper House's
receipt of the new refueling bill. The DPJ intended to shelve taking
a vote on the new refueling bill in the Upper House in order to
strongly show its criticism of the ruling bloc's "tyranny of the
majority," but the Japanese Communist Party (JCP), the Social
Democratic Party (SDP), and the People's New Party opposed the move.
As a result, the DPJ's Upper House executives again discussed the
party's previous policy and, switching gears, decided to take a vote
after all on the new refueling bill.

Meeting the press yesterday, the DPJ's Upper House Diet Affairs
Committee Chairman Susumu Yanase explained the reason why the party
had shifted its previous policy: "We did so because leaving the
Upper House's resolution of the issue to history is something the
public can easily understand."

The DPJ does not hold a sole majority in either the Upper House
plenary session or the Upper House Committee on Foreign Affairs and
Defense. If the DPJ is unable to obtain cooperation from the other

TOKYO 00000068 006 OF 012


opposition parties, it cannot carry over the refueling bill to the
next Diet session. Apparently, these circumstances also forced the
DPJ to reverse its previous policy.

Yanase also declared that the DPJ had considered submitting a
censure motion against Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda as a
counteraction to the ruling bloc's move to take the second vote on
the new refueling bill, but that the DPJ would not do so.

8) DPJ decides in reversal to take a vote on new antiterrorism
legislation at Upper House -- miscalculation for the party

MAINICHI (Page 2) (Excerpts)
January 10, 2008

The main opposition Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ or Minshuto)
yesterday, at the last moment, shifted its stance of carrying over
deliberations on a new antiterrorism special measures bill to the
next Diet session after it failed to obtain approval from the
Japanese Communist Party (JCP) and Social Democratic Party (SDP).
The DPJ had calculated that it would be easier for it to justify its
decision to forgo a censure motion against the prime minister if the
bill was not put to a vote at the House of Councillors, but it found
that it had no choice but to show the "will of the Upper House,"
facing opposition from the other parties. The switch shows that the
DPJ does not necessarily absolutely control the upper chamber of the
politically divided Diet. Moreover, the uneasiness created in the
coalition of opposition parties will likely affect their cooperation
as a coalition in the next House of Representatives election.

SDP Chairperson Mizuho Fukushima made an ironical remark at a press
conference: "It is not true that the DPJ alone controls the Upper
House. The DPJ has a misunderstanding about that. It is now in
internal disarray." The number of seats the parliamentary group of
the DPJ and People's New Party occupy in the Upper House falls short
of a majority (122). Therefore, when the JCP (seven seats) and SDP
(five) opposed the DPJ, it proved to be impossible to carry the
deliberations on the bill over to the next session. The PNP also
refused to carry them over.

9) Idea of passing resolution to respect the Upper House being
floated in DPJ in order to seek to constrain ruling camp's abuse of
two-thirds vote

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 2) (Full)
January 10, 2008

The new antiterrorism special measures bill to resume Japan's
refueling mission in the Indian Ocean will be put again to a vote
tomorrow in the House of Representatives. Following this, the main
opposition Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ or Minshuto) has come up
with the idea of adopting on Jan. 15 in the Upper House plenary
session a "resolution to respect the right to deliberate bills in
the House of Councillors."

According to a senior DPJ lawmaker, the party's intent in drafting a
resolution is to constrain the ruling camp from abusing its
two-thirds majority vote in the Lower House.

Since the DPJ has decided to forgo a censure motion against Prime
Minister Yasuo Fukuda, even if the new antiterrorism bill is
readopted in the Lower House, it plans to show its stance of

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criticizing the ruling bloc by approving the resolution at the Upper
House. Prior to the Jan. 18 convocation of the ordinary Diet
session, the DPJ also aims to shore up the coalition of opposition
parties, which fell apart in the second half of the current
session.

The DPJ will carry out coordination with the Japanese Communist
Party, Social Democratic Party, and People's New Party, aiming at
approval of the resolution by all the opposition parties.

10) Lower House committee to charge suspect Moriya with perjury

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 1) (Excerpts)
January 10, 2008

The Lower House Special Committee on Prevention of Terrorism
(chaired by Takashi Fukaya) yesterday decided to charge former
Administrative Vice Defense Minister Takemasa Moriya for violation
of the Diet Testimony Law.

The committee will approve this decision at a meeting today of its
directors. And bringing a charge of perjury against Moriya will be
approved during the current session of the Diet.

The committee summoned suspect Moriya as a sworn witness on Oct. 29
of last year. At the time Moriya was asked whether he paid for day
golf outings offered by the former senior managing director of the
defense contractor Yamada Corp. and testified: "I paid 10,000 yen
(for one round). Moriya also denied providing favors in connection
with procurement of defense equipment.

The committee judged such testimony by Moriya constituted perjury.

11) Prime Minister Fukuda's first party-heads debate in Diet with
DPJ President Ozawa: Both skirt issue of forming "grand coalition"

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 1) (Slightly abridged)
January 10, 2008

Prime Minister Fukuda (president of the ruling Liberal Democratic
Party (LDP)) held the first party-head debate yesterday in the Diet
since taking office as prime minister with the major opposition
Democratic Party of Japan's (DPJ) President Ichiro Ozawa. On the
problem of the 50 million missing pension premium payment records,
Fukuda said: "We must revamp the (pension) system into a reliable
one that can convince the public. A swift resolution of this problem
would lead to restoring the public's confidence." He emphasized his
intention to devote every effort to resolve the problem. A
party-heads debate between the LDP and the DPJ had not been held
since last May, when former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Ozawa
sparred.

On the pension mess, Ozawa argued, "The public has paid pension
premiums from money he or she sweated and slaved for. The problem
must be resolved at any cost." In response, Fukuda again offered an
apology: "The Social Insurance Agency has kept pension records in a
sloppy manner over 40 years. All I can do now for that is to offer
an apology."

Meanwhile, referring to the new antiterrorism special measures bill
(new refueling bill), Fukuda noted, "The (previous) antiterrorism
special measures law was enacted in 2001. At the time, the DPJ gave

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support to the law," and sought the DPJ's understanding about the
new refueling bill.

Neither Fukuda nor Ozawa touched on their meeting last fall, in
which they discussed the idea of forming a grand coalition between
their parties.

The party-head debate between Fukuda and Ozawa was initially planned
for the end of last October, but it was not realized because the two
held their own dialogue ahead of the planned official debate. Since
then the party-heads debate was repeatedly deferred. One reason was
the confusion in the DPJ caused by Ozawa when he announced his
intention to resign as president of the party.

12) Prime minister does not acknowledge breach of campaign pledge on
pension problem in first debate with Ozawa

MAINICHI (Page 1) (Excerpts)
January 10, 2008

Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda and Democratic Party of Japan President
Ichiro Ozawa held their first Diet debate yesterday. On the pension
record-keeping fiasco, Ozawa pointed out that the Liberal Democratic
Party violated its campaign pledge in the House of Councillors
election to complete the identification process of all unidentified
pension accounts by the end of March. He then said: "The problem
will not be resolved only with (the prime minister's) apology." The
prime minister offered an apology, remarking: "Considering what
happened in the past, I must apologize to the people." But on the
problem of a breach of the election promise, the prime minister just
said: "(Whether the promise was broken or not) depends on how the
public takes it. I have no intention of making any excuses."

13) Main points from Fukuda-Ozawa debate

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 7) (Abridged)
January 10, 2008

The following is a gist of yesterday's parliamentary one-on-one
debate between Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda and Democratic Party of
Japan (Minshuto) President Ichiro Ozawa.

New antiterror legislation

Ozawa: What is the government's principle, including constitutional
interpretation, to send the Self-Defense Forces overseas?

Fukuda: The Maritime Self-Defense Force's refueling mission in the
Indian Ocean does not correspond to the use of armed force. It is
for international peace activities. We don't have to bring up the
Constitution. The Diet will close soon. I hope the House of
Councillors will reach a conclusion.

Ozawa: You say we don't have to bring up the Constitution? That's a
serious statement. That means the government can send the SDF
whenever the government thinks it's intended for international
contributions. We can't say this does not conflict with Article 9 of
the Constitution. How do you interpret the Constitution to say this
does not conflict with the Constitution?

Fukuda: Under Japan's contributions to the international community,
this one does not fall under the (constitutionally prohibited) use

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of armed force. If Japan stops its activities, it will likely give
terrorists a chance. In 2001, the Antiterrorism Special Measures Law
was enacted. Since then, we have sufficiently explained our
constitutional interpretation. At that time, the DPJ also gave its
approval regarding that legal thinking.

14) Prime minister eyes creation of consumer agency to place
importance on such daily-life issues as food safety

YOMIURI (Top Play) (Excerpts)
January 10, 2008

Prime Minister Fukuda decided yesterday to study the possibility of
creating a "consumer agency," with the aim of tightening regulations
to protect consumers and unifying the administration of the tasks
now being carried out by various relevant ministries. Given recent
incidents undermining the credibility of products and services, such
as the mislabeling scandals, the prime minister wants to drastically
reform consumer affairs administration in order to ensure the safety
and security of the people's daily lives. He is placing
"administration that gives priority to ordinary citizens and
consumers" at the front of his policy agenda. Based on this stance
and also with an eye on the next House of Representatives election,
he intends to launch a discussion shortly on specifics of his plan
in the government and the ruling camp, with the goal of creating the
new agency in 2009.

Fukuda indicated a willingness to establish a consumer policy agency
last night for the first time. Speaking before reporters at the
Prime Minister's Official Residence, he said: "It might be desirable
to set up a unified agency that serves as a liaison center for
consumers."

The prime minister emphasized the need to reform the current
administrative organization, remarking: "Setting aside whether the
envisioned entity will be called the 'consumer agency,' we must
rectify the current situation in which people point out that the
administration (of consumer affairs) is difficult to grasp."

On Jan. 4, the prime minister indicated his plan to push ahead with
the unification of the authorities responsible for consumer
administration, including food safety. The creation of a consumer
agency will be a key measure to promote this plan.

The envisioned new agency will be tasked with monitoring wrongdoings
by producers and clamping down on fraudulent business practices. By
establishing a unified body that will liaison with consumers, the
government aims to enable relevant problems to be smoothly
resolved.

15) Prime minister proposes creating consumer policy agency with
viewpoint of people in mind, but some cabinet members remain
cautious

YOMIURI (Page 2) (Full)
January 10, 2008

(Commentary)

Prime Minister Fukuda has decided to discuss a plan to create a
consumer policy agency. He aims to make this concept a symbol of his
policy of pursuing people-centered politics.

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After he assumed office in late September, when public support for
his cabinet was considerably high, the prime minister told his
aides, keeping in mind a series of scandals involving such problems
as falsified quake-resistance standards for housing, food
mislabeling, and deaths caused by gas heaters: "The current politics
and administration must be changed into consumer-friendly ones." He
has been looking for specific measures. Early this year, Fukuda also
said: "The reliability of the consumer administration has been
undermined so seriously that even the National Consumer Affairs
Center of Japan has been listed as an object of reform."

The prime minister now finds it difficult to demonstrate his own
policy imprint because government-sponsored bills have not been
easily enacted given the opposition's control of the Upper House,
and also because a cabinet reshuffle has been delayed. Given the
situation, Fukuda apparently expects that the concept of creating a
consumer policy agency will be favorably accepted by the people,
with an eye on the next House of Representatives election. This
concept was initially discussed at the Liberal Democratic Party's
council on consumer issues, chaired by Seiko Noda.

However, some cabinet members remain cautious about this concept.
Chief Cabinet Secretary Machimura expresses his skepticism about the
idea, remarking: "Even if all authorities concerned are unified, all
problems will not necessary be settled." Since the concept will lead
to reducing the authority of government agencies concerned, such
authorities will inevitably put up resistance. To translate this
concept into action, the prime minister's powerful leadership will
be required.

16) LDP to ask Tokyo University Prof. Kabashima to run in Kumamoto
gubernatorial race

ASAHI (Page 4) (Full)
January 10, 2008

The ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Kumamoto prefectural
chapter decided yesterday in a board meeting to ask Ikuo Kabashima,
60, professor at the University of Tokyo, to run in the May
gubernatorial election of Kumamoto Prefecture. Kabashima is positive
about his candidacy for the race, saying, "I take the decision
seriously as the LDP's formal request." But he has yet to make a
formal decision, noting: "I need support from many political
parties, including the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ or
Minshuto)."

Kabashima was born in Yamaga City, Kumamoto. He became a political
scientist after studying in the United States. Before studying
abroad, he worked at an agricultural cooperative in Kumamoto. LDP
Kumamoto chapter head Hidehisa Yamamoto said: "Mr. Kabashima
underwent hardships. He is well versed in agricultural affairs,
which is a qualification for assuming the governorship. He is a
person who represents Kumamoto." Since there is not much time until
the election, the LDP will move its campaign into full gear before
Kabashima announces his candidacy.

The DPJ Kumamoto chapter also had looked into the possibility of
backing Kabashima, but it will find ways to support another
candidate or to allow its members to vote on their own decision.

17) Former Prime Minister Abe eager to rally conservative forces

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together

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
January 10, 2008

Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of the Liberal Democratic Party has
contributed an essay to the monthly magazine Bungei Shunju that will
go on sale today expressing strong eagerness for bringing
conservative forces together.

The essay says about his future political activities: "In order to
enroot full-fledged conservative politics in Japan, I will give my
all and sacrifice myself." It also gives a positive assessment of a
study group launched by Shoichi Nakagawa and others, saying that it
is significant to establish a variety of study groups as venues for
conservative forces to rely on.

18) Locals reconfirm opposition to U.S. military facility
construction on Magejima

YOMIURI (Page 2) (Full)
January 10, 2008

The government has now selected Magejima, an island belonging to the
city of Nishinoomote, Kagoshima Prefecture, as the most likely
candidate site for the construction of a permanent facility for U.S.
carrier-borne aircraft's night landing practice (NLP) along with the
realignment of U.S. forces in Japan. On this issue, a consultative
council consisting of municipal heads from the neighboring islands
of Tanegashima and Yakushima reconfirmed their intention to oppose
the construction of an NLP facility on the island of Magejima. They
will send in a petition tomorrow to Kagoshima Gov. Yuichiro Ito
against it.

In February last year, Magejima was reported to be on the list of
NLP candidate locations. In March last year, one city and three
towns set up the consultative council. This is the second time for
the local communities to send in a petition to the Kagoshima
prefectural government.

19) Stricter punishments for defense secret leaks called for

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
January 10, 2008

The government's Defense Ministry Reform Council, an experts' panel
chaired by Tokyo Electric Power Co. advisor Nobuya Minami, met
yesterday at the Prime Minister's Official Residence (Kantei) to
discuss the Defense Ministry and the Self-Defense Forces. Currently,
anyone who leaks "special defense secrets," "defense secrets," or
"ministry secrets" faces prison terms of ten, five, and one years,
respectively. Based on a leak of pivotal data on the Maritime
Self-Defense Force's Aegis vessels, some panel members called for
harsher penalties. One also said, "There are too many ministry
secrets. They must be selected strictly in view of the need of

SIPDIS
information disclosure."

20) Security cameras to pick out terrorists in town

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 26) (Full)
January 10, 2008


TOKYO 00000068 012 OF 012


With its bid to host the 2016 Olympics, Tokyo will beef up its
countermeasures to crack down on terrorists. The Tokyo metropolitan
government decided yesterday to develop a "face check system" that
can identify terrorists from security camera footage on the spot.
The Metropolitan Police Department will start joint research with a
university and a private business in the new fiscal year for test
operation in three years.

The Tokyo metropolitan government is earmarking a total of 500
million yen in its new fiscal year budget for advanced systems to
crack down on terrorists and provide for major disasters, using
state-of-the-art technologies. In response to a gunman's shootout in
the city of Machida, the MPD will introduce radar that can detect
indoor human motion from an outdoor location.

The face check system changes the mug shots of terrorists and wanted
criminals into 3-D images, which will be registered with the MPD's
server. The MPD will check its face data with images from security
cameras in town and identify them in 0.01 second.

Tokyo will start research in the new fiscal year to change face
photos into 3-D images and check them in a shorter time. The
metropolitan government plans to start model area test operation in
fiscal 2010.

In July this year, Japan will host the G-8 summit at Toyako (Lake
Toya) in Hokkaido. Tokyo is the venue for a cabinet ministerial
meeting to be held before the Toyako summit. The metropolitan
government will also introduce hi-tech equipment, including a
terahertz wave detector for the MPD that can check hidden weapons.

DONOVAN

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