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Cablegate: Turkey Shares Usg Concerns About Oslo Process

VZCZCXYZ0011
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHAK #0265 0431611
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 121611Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5209
INFO RUEHXP/ALL NATO POST COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 6242

C O N F I D E N T I A L ANKARA 000265

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

PM/WRA FOR BAKER

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/12/2018
TAGS: PARM PREL NATO TU
SUBJECT: TURKEY SHARES USG CONCERNS ABOUT OSLO PROCESS

REF: STATE 13607

Classified By: Pol-Mil Counselor Carl Siebentritt, Reasons 1.4 (b) and
(d)

1. (C) We delivered reftel demarche on February 11 to MFA
Department Head for Arms Control and Disarmament Elif Ulgen,
who is coordinating Turkey's interagency position on cluster
munitions and was a member of the Turkish delegation to the
Oslo Process meeting in Vienna on 5-7 December. Ulgen said
that Turkey shares many of our concerns about the draft
declaration. Turkey continues to view the Convention on
Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) as the most appropriate
framework to conduct negotiations on cluster munitions and to
strike a balance between humanitarian concerns and military
requirements. In particular, Turkey is concerned about the
impact that the proposed convention would have on NATO
interoperability. Ulgen further stated that although there
exists a de facto moratorium on the use of cluster munitions
by the Turkish armed forces, Turkey's military doctrine
continues to call for the use of cluster munitions in the
event of an "all out war."

2. (C) Despite having strong reservations about the draft
declaration, Turkey will send a delegation to the Wellington
meeting. Ulgen expected the Turkish delegation only to play
an observer's role in Wellington, and stressed that Turkey's
goal in participating in the meetings is to avoid being
blindsided by the process.

3. (C) Ulgen noted that Turkey has been participating in a
series of informal meetings taking place in Geneva (separate
from but possibly related to the CCW negotiations chaired by
Danish Ambassador Witgoski) among like-minded countries
participating in the Oslo Process (including the UK, Germany,
the Netherlands, Finland, Japan, and Australia). According
to Ulgen, during the last Geneva meeting in January,
participants were in wide agreement that the provision for a
total ban on cluster munitions must be removed from the final
declaration. Ulgen made clear that Turkey has no intention
of signing the declaration as it currently stands.

Visit Ankara's Classified Web Site at
http://www.intelink.sgov.gov/wiki/Portal:Turk ey

WILSON

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