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Cablegate: Country Team Assessment for the Upgrade Of

VZCZCXYZ0000
RR RUEHWEB

DE RUEHEG #0172/01 0340505
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 030505Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8020
INFO RHMFIUU/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RHMFISS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC

UNCLAS CAIRO 000172

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

STATE FOR NEA/ELA (IRWIN) AND PM (ARCHETTO)

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL MASS MARR EG
SUBJECT: COUNTRY TEAM ASSESSMENT FOR THE UPGRADE OF
AN/ANVS-6(V)1 NIGHT VISION GOGGLES (NVG) IAW ASAM#
GEN-07-ASAM-02

REF: A. EGYPTIAN MINISTRY OF DEFENSE LETTER OF REQUEST
07/AF/155 05 SEPT 07
B. U.S. ARMY AVIATION SAFETY ACTION MESSAGE (ASAM)
MAINTENANCE MANDATORY RCS CSGLD-1860
(R1)UPDATED INFORMATION ON NIGHT VISION
DEVICES (NVD) GEN-07-ASAM-02 MSG DTG
041510Z APR 07
C. ADDENDUM TO GEN-07-ASAM-02

1. (SBU) Description: In Ref A (TAB A), the GOE requested
the modification and upgrade of all existing Type 3 NVGs to
type 4 in support of the operational flying requirements of
the Egyptian Air Force (EAF). These upgrades are essential
for the safe execution of night flying operations and must be
completed immediately to remain in compliance with U.S. Army
Safety policy and guidance (Ref B, page 3, para 7.2.1, TAB
B). The Government of Egypt,s (GOEs) stated position
regarding night flight operations is to align with the U.S.
Army,s regulations, policies and procedures. This allows
the GOE to maintain its current readiness level and negates
the necessity of developing a separate Air Worthiness Release
(AWR) in country.

2. (SBU) Reason the customer desires upgrade. The EAF
currently maintains 94 sets of NVGs for night flying
operations and requests to upgrade these systems prior to
October 2008 in accordance with applicable regulations,
policy letters and directives (See references). These
AN/ANVS-6(V)1 NIGHT VISSION GOGGLES (NVGs) will become
obsolete in 2008 and must be upgraded to remain in compliance
with U.S. sustainability requirements defined in ASAM#
GEN-07-ASAM-02 (Ref B). This required upgrade was discussed
in detail at the Chinook PMR #9 (September 2007). The
AN/ANVS-6(V)1 NVG was identified by the U.S. Army and the
Apache Program Manager for upgrade/replacement. This action
will assist in the modernization of the EAF to ensure safe
flight operations, individual aviator proficiency and the
overall readiness of assigned rotary wing squadrons. The
Type 4 NVGs will improve the EAF capability to operate with
U.S. Forces in a coalition environment. These systems are
also more easily sustainable through the U.S. supply system
(Ref C, Pg 2 Table, TAB C).

3. (SBU) How the NVGs will affect Egypt's force structure:
There will be no increase in force structure; however there
will be an increase in EAF capability to operate effectively
at night.

4. (SBU) How the NVGs would contribute to both U.S. and
Egyptian defense/security goals: NVG sales are consistent
with DOD's Security Cooperation Guidance as it enhances the
territorial security of regional states. It also supports
two of CENTCOM's Security Cooperation objectives for Egypt:
(1) enabling allies and partners, and (2) protecting U.S. and
partner interests. This NVG upgrade will also support two of
CENTCOM's Security Cooperation Desired Effects (SCDE) for
Egypt:

-- SCDE 3.2 "Support the defense modernization and
transformation of allies or partners to reduce their
vulnerability to external aggression and coercion"

-- SCDE 4.2 "Improve their capability to operate
independently or as part of a coalition with U.S. Forces"

5. (SBU) Justification for the type and quantity of NVDs
requested: 94 sets of AN/ANVS-6(V)1 NIGHT VISSION GOGGLES
(NVGs) are consistent with the quantity of systems NVDs
required within the U.S. Army based on the number of assigned
aircraft and rotary-wing aircrews within the EAF. This
quantity would allow the EAF to equip each aircrew (AH-64 x
34, UH-60 x 8 and CH-47 x 18) with minimum night vision
capability and provide sufficient spares for night aviation
operations. In addition, a recent CTA was approved (November
07) for the procurement sixty-six (66) Night Ranger Viewers
(AN/PVS-7B NVG) and associated spare parts to support two (2)
ex-Knox Class Frigates and four (4) ex-Oliver Hazard Perry
Class Frigates. The AN/PVS-7B NVGs provide the Egyptian Naval
Forces with a NVG capability that is equal to or greater than
the requested upgrade for the EAF.

6. (SBU) Combatant Commander's concurrence to the
introduction of a new war fighting capability to the nation
or region: Combatant Commander's concurrence will be
provided separately.


7. (SBU) Anticipated reactions of the neighboring nations:
The upgrade of these NVGs should not impact the regional
balance of power or cause negative reactions from any of
Egypt's neighbors. This upgrade does not introduce new
technology to Egypt (or the region) and will not impact
Israel's qualitative military edge.

8. (SBU) Assessment of the nation's ability to account for,
safeguard, operate, maintain, and support the articles: The
Egyptians have demonstrated the intent and ability to protect
sensitive, classified military technology over an extended
period. Egypt signed a General Security of Information
Agreement with the U.S. and, as a customer, has purchased and
protected the sensitive technology of other U.S. weapons
systems. Egypt has procured night vision technology in the
past to include the AN/ANVS-6(V)1 and has met all previous
security and End Use Monitoring (EUM) requirements.

9. (SBU) Training required either in-country or in the U.S.
and anticipated reactions resulting from the presence of U.S.
trainer,s in-country: No additional Mobile Training Teams
will be required for the upgrade of these NVGs. There is no
additional presence that will be required beyond normal U.S.
interaction and training (TAFTs) with the individual EAF
aircrews.

10. (SBU) Source of financing and the economic impact of the
proposed acquisition: Egypt plans to upgrade NVDs utilizing
Foreign Military Financing and has already allocated
sufficient funds within their FY08/09 funding priority
listing to finance this upgrade requirement. In addition,
the EAF requests approval to purchase Type 4 NVGs as
necessary when individual systems are no longer serviceable
or no longer cost effective to maintain. The end-state is
that the EAF modernizes its existing NVG inventory to Type 4,
AN/ANVS-6(V)1 for sustainability and compliance.

11. (SBU) Human rights considerations relevant to the
proposed acquisition: None.

12. (SBU) Plan for end-use monitoring and plan for
compliance verification: The Office of Military Cooperation
(OMC) Egypt has a robust Golden Sentry Program. The Golden
Sentry point of contact, working in close coordination with
the security assistance program officer, will review and
maintain copies of the customer,s physical security and
accountability control plan. All parties will maintain a
serial number list of all NVGs within the inventory or
transferred, and will conduct the mandated and inspections as
required. The Egyptian military currently has over 2500
Night Vision Devices of various configurations in-country and
has maintained accountability and security of those devices
without unauthorized loss, theft, or access to date.

13. (SBU) Operational Plan and specific end-users: The
operational plan for the NVGs states that the devices will be
issued to applicable flying squadrons conducting night
rotary-wing operations. The EAF will increase its
interoperability with U.S. Forces as demonstrated by combined
training exercises Bright Star. The extent of aviation
operations and anti-terrorism missions may include countering
border intrusions by a conventional threat or asymmetrical
terrorist threat through territorial waters (the Suez Canal).
In addition, these systems will significantly enhance the
EAFs ability to respond to regional humanitarian relief
efforts and the Egypt,s National Search and Rescue (SAR)
capability. The GOE has indicated a willingness to meet U.S.
guidelines for accountability and security of NVGs, and the
Office of Military Cooperation will conduct EUM of the
devices if the upgrade is approved.

14. (SBU) Recommendation whether the USG should approve the
transfer of NVGs: The country team recommends USG approval
for transfer of the NVGs. This is a coordinated mission
position.
JONES

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