Cablegate: Hesse Waits for Hamburg Before Breaking Political Deadlock
OO RUEHAG RUEHDF RUEHLZ
DE RUEHFT #0447/01 0451050
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 141050Z FEB 08
FM AMCONSUL FRANKFURT
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4655
INFO RUCNFRG/FRG COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 FRANKFURT 000447
DEPARTMENT FOR EUR/AGS
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL GM
SUBJECT: Hesse Waits for Hamburg before Breaking Political Deadlock
REF: Frankfurt 0265; Berlin 0137
Sensitive but unclassified; not for internet distribution.
1. SUMMARY: Two weeks after the Hesse state election, the political
parties remain deadlocked on forming a government with few
discernable signs of movement. With state elections in Hamburg
coming up soon, all sides appear to be biding their time for now.
The disastrous CDU campaign in Hesse has already translated into
lower approval ratings for the party and Chancellor Merkel
nationwide. Increasingly, national politicians are weighing in to
break the impasse in Hesse and staking out positions for the 2009
federal election. END SUMMARY.
NO CLEAR WINNER, NO CLEAR WAY FORWARD
2. The January 27 Hesse state election ended in a virtual tie
between the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Social
Democratic Party (SPD), both of whom won forty-two spots in the
110-seat Landtag (state parliament). CDU Minister President Roland
Koch fared far worse than expected, but still claimed victory on
election night, having won 3,535 more votes than his SPD rival
Andrea Ypsilanti. With these results, the CDU cannot form a
government with its preferred partner, the Free Democratic Party
(FDP) which gained eleven seats. Likewise, the SPD cannot form a
government with its partner, the Green Party, which has nine seats.
With many of his opponents immediately calling on Koch to resign
after what they categorized as a defeat, he has since kept a low
profile, going on vacation and making few public appearances.
3. In Hesse, all parties appear to be waiting for the results of
the February 24 election in Hamburg. With the SPD and CDU locked in
a tight race there, neither side wishes to tip the balance by trying
to make a deal in Hesse. The parties have made a few "low-ball
offers" and a few face-to-face meetings have taken place. The SPD
remains adamant that it was the clear victor, having come from far
behind to win nearly as many votes as the CDU, and has called on the
FDP to join it and the Greens in a government. For their part,
however, both Hesse FDP leader Joerg Uwe Hahn and national leader
Guido Westerwelle have maintained that they will only join a
government led by the CDU.
4. The CDU has expressed a preference for a CDU-FDP-Green
coalition, but also could, alternatively, form a CDU-SPD "Grand
Coalition." Both options are difficult to imagine, however, given
the intense animosity the Greens and the SPD have for Koch. Media
sources speculate that Roland Koch will eventually step down,
clearing the way for a CDU-led government. CDU Education Minister
Karin Wolff announced her resignation this week in a small olive
branch to both the SPD and the Greens, who covet the ministry.
Recent Emnid and Forsa polls put the national CDU at 35%, its lowest
number in several months, and Chancellor Angela Merkel's own
popularity is down slightly as well. This decline has been largely
ascribed to the misjudged CDU campaign in Hesse. Reacting
negatively to Koch's anti-foreigner tone, several CDU politicians
across Germany have already attempted to distance themselves from
his right-leaning politics.
ENTER THE NATIONAL PARTIES
5. The only clear winner so far is the newly formed Left Party,
which will enter the parliament for the first time with six seats.
Hesse Left Party leader Willi Van Ooyen has announced that his party
would support, but not necessarily participate in, a SPD-Green
minority government. While such a coalition would be possible, SPD
leader Andrea Ypsilanti has said she would not accept it. The SPD
and the Left party have so far not cooperated outside of the former
eastern German states, and a deal in Hesse could possibly split the
SPD both at the state and national levels. At the same time,
left-leaning national Green Party leaders Juergen Trittin and
Christian Stroebele called last week on their party and the SPD to
consider working with the Left Party, a move that other national
Green Party leaders promptly rejected.
6. The new parliament will be sworn in on April 5. If no deal has
been reached by then, the current Koch-led CDU government will stay
on. While such a government would be largely ineffective without
parliamentary support, Hesse went through this once before for over
a year in the early 1980's. The new parliament can also call for
new elections by a simple majority vote, a decision that would be
risky for all.
7. COMMENT: The deadlock in Hesse is a product both of
intransigence at the local level and of the state's national
importance. With all sides staking out turf for the 2009 federal
election, both Hesse and Hamburg could set a precedent for a future
national government. Hesse politicians will wait for the Hamburg
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results before making any serious moves, but the safest scenario for
the CDU and the SPD would be a Grand Coalition that replicates the
situation on the federal level and breaks no new ground. However,
both the CDU and the SPD still have hopes of leading a government
with support from the FDP and the Greens in Hesse, with the tacit
goal of opening the possibility at the national level as well, as
all sides try to cope with the new five-party landscape in Germany.
7. This cable was coordinated with Embassy Berlin and Consulate