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Cablegate: Kunduz Provincial Security: Improving Coordination And

VZCZCXRO6284
RR RUEHIK RUEHPW RUEHYG
DE RUEHBUL #0467 0561105
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 251105Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY KABUL
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 2989
INFO RUCNAFG/AFGHANISTAN COLLECTIVE
RHEHAAA/NSC WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RUEKJCS/OSD WASHDC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC//JF/UNMA//
RHMFIUU/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS KABUL 000467

SIPDIS

DEPARTMENT FOR SCA/FO, SCA/A, S/CRS, EUR/RPM
STATE PASS TO USAID FOR AID/ANE, AID/DCHA/DG
NSC FOR WOOD
OSD FOR SHIVERS
CENTCOM FR CG CJTF-82, POLAD

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV AF
SUBJECT: KUNDUZ PROVINCIAL SECURITY: IMPROVING COORDINATION AND
DEVELOPING CAPACITY


1. (SBU) Summary: PRT Kunduz has successfully instituted several
coordination mechanisms for the Afghan National Security Forces
(ANSF) and ISAF in the province. The measures have improved
cooperation within the ANSF, as well as between ANSF and ISAF. The
successful re-launch of Kunduz's Joint Provincial Coordination
Center (JPCC), greater ANSF involvement in operational planning, and
the transition of responsibility for coordination to Afghan actors
will further improve performance on security issues.

Coordination Mechanisms: Police, Provincial and Tri-provincial
--------------------------------------------- -------
2. (SBU) The United States, Germany and the European Union are all
engaged in police assistance in Kunduz. PRT Kunduz instituted a
weekly police coordination meeting in summer 2007 to de-conflict
efforts and ensure that Afghan police receive necessary training,
mentoring and equipment. Participants include German military
police, German Police Project Office, U.S. Army Police Mentoring
Teams (PMT), DynCorp police trainers, EU Police Mission (EUPOL),
United Nations Assistance Mission Afghanistan (UNAMA), U.S. PRTOff,
and Afghan National Police (ANP). The German military police
currently host the weekly meeting, but the German PRT leadership
would like EUPOL to assume responsibility for coordination.

3. (SBU) The Governor, Chief of Police, National Directorate of
Security (NDS) and Commander of the Afghan National Army (ANA) 2nd
Kandak meet with the PRT, U.S. Army PMT and UNAMA every week to
discuss Kunduz's security situation. In addition to a weekly report
of incidents and activities, the meeting is an opportunity to reach
agreement on programs and emphasize the linkages between security,
governance and development. NDS hosts the meeting and the Governor
chairs it, while the PRT sets the date and ensures attendance.

4. (SBU) PRT Kunduz launched a tri-provincial security meeting in
summer 2007 for Kunduz, Takhar and Baghlan provinces to address
cross-border security. Every other month, participants from Takhar
and Baghlan travel to Kunduz for the meeting. The meetings have
addressed issues such as criminal groups in Bangi district (Takhar
province), re-integration of insurgents, and the JPCC. The meeting
gives officials in the three provinces access to ANSF elements, such
as ANA and Afghan Border Police, and international elements, such as
UNAMA, which are not physically located in their provinces.

Goals for 2008: Operational JPCC, Joint Operational
Planning, Afghan Ownership
--------------------------------------------- ------
5. (SBU) During the tri-provincial meeting on January 20, 2008,
participants from all three provinces endorsed the concept of the
JPCC. Kunduz will soon inaugurate a new building built by the
provincial police with assistance from the PMT. The remaining
challenges are to identify ANSF liaison personnel and, with the
assistance of a DynCorp mentor, to develop the Center's operational
capabilities. Takhar and Baghlan have also expressed interest in
having JPCCs.

6. (SBU) Joint operations with ANSF have played a key role in recent
PRT operations. The ANA with the German Operational Mentoring
Liaison Teams (OMLTs) and the ANP with the German military police
have recently operated in Khanabad and Aliabad districts of Kunduz
province. In 2008, the PRT will try to expand participation to
other international actors and involve ANSF even more in the
planning process.

7. (SBU) A third priority is transitioning responsibility for the
security coordination mechanisms from the PRT to the ANSF. This
change will improve the operational capabilities of the ANSF and the
governance capabilities of provincial officials. Through these
security mechanisms, ANSF and ISAF are better able to address
insurgent threats.

WOOD

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