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Cablegate: Cndp Concept of Military Technical Commission

VZCZCXRO9661
RR RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0124 0361024
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 051024Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7473
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC

UNCLAS KINSHASA 000124

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV CG
SUBJECT: CNDP Concept of Military Technical Commission


1. (SBU) Summary: CNDP's concept of the Kivus military commission,
presented to MONUC and FARDC February 3, differs markedly from the
government's concept, which CNDP purported to have accepted on
January 31. The principal difference is CNDP's insistence that
"armed groups" (Mai Mai) be relegated to a separate sub-commission
and that CNDP have nearly half the positions in the Technical
Commission structure. End Summary.

2. (SBU) CNDP's Captain B. Masuzera, who attended the three meetings
of North Kivu armed groups led by Vice-Admiral Didier Etumba January
28-31, presented SRSG Doss's Chief of Staff John Almstrom February 4
an "organigram" for the military Technical Commission and a list of
participants for its sub-commissions. This structure differs
fundamentally from the one presented by Etumba and supposedly
accepted by all parties January 31. (CNDP had been persuaded to
return to the third and final of Etumba's meetings, after walking
out of the second, and had appeared to accept, if tacitly, Etumba's
proposed organigram, on the condition that eight persons, said to be
CNDP, arrested in Uganda and transferred to DRC, be released.)

3. (SBU) Etumba's organigram envisions North and South Kivu
"sections" of a Mixed Military Sub-Commission under a commission
co-presidency. His structure calls for four "cells" within each
"section" to handle (1) cessation of hostilities and disengagement,
(2) DDR and DDRRR, (3) brassage, and (4) "restoration of the
authority of the state."

4. (SBU) CNDP's more elaborate organigram calls for parallel
structures at the inter-provincial (both Kivus) and provincial
levels, with a logistical unit attached at the inter-provincial
level. At both levels, in CNDP's concept, there would be units to
deal with (1) cessation of hostilities, (2) DDR and DDRRR, (3)
political and administrative affairs, (4) security and justice, and
(5) armed groups. The most striking difference is No. (5) -- armed
groups. Masuzera explained to Almstrom that CNDP did not accept
being lumped together with the Mai Mai, which were, in CNDP's view,
a fabrication of the government working in collaboration with the
FARDC.

5. (SBU) The package presented by Masuzera included a description of
tasks of some of the units. The logistical unit handles lodging,
transport, food, "functioning," and communications. The
political-administrative unit handles reestablishment of the
authority of the state (police, administration, and justice),
deployment of police units, and free circulation of goods and
persons. The security-judicial unit handles liberation of persons
detained or taken hostage on account of opinions or belonging to
insurrectional organizations, putting in place a commission to
supervise return of IDPS, assuring respect for engagements
undertaken, and dealing with on-going disputes. (In Etumba's
organigram, political-administrative-judicial issues, including
return of IDPs, were viewed as being not military but humanitarian,
to be handled in a separate sub-commission.)

6. (SBU) The package further elaborated CNDP's concept of personnel
to serve on these units -- with CNDP taking almost half the
positions. For example, the "Inter-Provincial Coordination" would
be presided by the FARDC at the level of lieutenant or major
general, with a CNDP brigadier general serving as adjutant
coordinator for DDR, while the "Provincial Coordination" would be
presided by a CNDP brigadier general or colonel, with a CNDP colonel
as adjutant coordinator for disengagement. At the inter-provincial
level, CNDP would preside over the logistical,
disengagement/cessation, DDR, and pol-admin-judicial cells. At the
provincial level, CNDP would preside over the secretariat and unit
on restoration of state authority, while participating in the other
units.

7. (SBU) Masuzera told Almstrom that he had presented this package
also to 8th Military Region deputy commander Col. Delphin Kahimbi.
When Almstrom met Etumba February 4, Etumba had also received the
package. He said that it "was to be expected."

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