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Cablegate: Another Katangan Academic Takes Over As Presidential

VZCZCXRO2119
RR RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0177 0510635
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 200635Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7558
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK

UNCLAS KINSHASA 000177

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PHUM PINR SOCI KDEM CG
SUBJECT: Another Katangan academic takes over as presidential
security adviser

Ref: 07 Kinshasa 926

1. (SBU) Summary. President Kabila named fellow Kantangan Kaumba
Lufunda as special counselor for security matters February 4. A
criminologist by training, Kaumba was a bete noire of Congolese
human rights groups during his tenure as rector of the University of
Lubumbashi. It is too early to say if he will achieve the status of
his predecessor, Samba Kaputo, one of the most influential figures
of the Joseph Kabila presidency. End summary.

2. (U) President Kabila appointed Prince Kaumba Lufunda Samajiku,
rector of the University of Lubumbashi, special counselor for
security in a decree signed February 4 and announced over the
state-owned broadcaster RTNC that evening. Kaumba will also head
the National Security Council (CNS). The post has been vacant since
September 2006.

3. (U) Kaumba, like his predecessor Guillaume Samba Kaputo, is a
Katangan academic; he is a criminologist by training. Samba
resigned in September 2006 following his election to the National
Assembly, leaving the post vacant. However, Kabila did not appoint
a successor, and Samba continued to exercise many of his previous
functions informally until his sudden death in August 2007 (reftel).


4. (SBU) Begin biographical summary:

Kaumba was born in Luabo, Katanga July 15, 1955. He is a member of
the Ndembo tribe, closely allied with the Lunda people; both are
settled in Congo and Angola. His given name, Prince, is not
indicative of any royal status.

Kaumba graduated in criminology, then earned a doctorate in
philosophy from the University of Louvain-la-Neuve in Belgium. As a
professor of criminology, he has authored many publications,
participated in numerous conferences and roundtables and led
seminars on security sector reform.

Kaumba entered public life late in the Mobutu era as counselor to
his older brother, Maximilien Sampasa Kawete Milombe, director
general of the paramilitary Civil Guard. He also served as
counselor at the National Police and a judge of the Military Court.

Following Mobutu's overthrow in 1997, Laurent Kabila named Kaumba
deputy chief of staff to the inspector general of the police, where
he acted as chief press officer.

In 1998, Kabila named him director of the police's Central
Criminology Service. The presidential security force (GSSP)
arrested Kaumba in April 1999 after the Kinshasa human rights group
La Voix des sans Voix (VSV) invited him to a press conference. A
military court ordered him released a month later for lack of
evidence.

Kaumba also served as a counselor on the technical secretariat of
the National Security Council.

In 2002, Kaumba was named rector of the University of Lubumbashi,
where he was professor of criminology at the College of Humanities.
Human rights organizations cited him for numerous actions against
faculty, students and human rights investigators during his tenure
as rector.

Joseph Kabila appointed Kaumba special counselor for security
matters February 4, 2008. In that position, he also chairs the
National Security Council.

End biographical summary.

5. (SBU) Comment: Samba was one of the most influential figures of
the Joseph Kabila era, and had access to the president at all times.
Whether Kaumba, with his history as a security official under both
Kabilas, will be able to replicate this status remains at this point
an open question. End comment.

GARVELINK

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