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Cablegate: Promising Signs for a Renewed Ddr Program in the Dr Congo

VZCZCXRO2656
RR RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0183 0511519
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 201519Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7568
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK
RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7569
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RUEATRS/TREASURY WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC

UNCLAS KINSHASA 000183

SIPDIS

AIDAC

SENSITIVE

SIPDIS

AID/W FOR AFR/EA, AFR/SD, AA/DCHA, DCHA/OFDA, DCHA/CMM

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: MOPS PGOV MARR KPKO CG

SUBJECT: Promising Signs for a Renewed DDR Program in the DR Congo


1. SUMMARY: A critical component of international support for the
peace process in Eastern Congo is support for Disarmament,
Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) of combatants. There are
promising signs that the GDRC and World Bank are close to resolving
long outstanding issues and nearing agreement on a $72.5 million
package that will advance the DDR process in the DRC. Given the
enormity of the needs, additional resources will likely be required
for DDR and related activities. End summary.

2. BACKGROUND: Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)
activities in the DRC have been in a state of institutional flux.
The Multi-Country Demobilization Program (MDRP) was launched in
2002, following the Sun City accords and the establishment of the
National Program for DDR (PNDDR) that same year. The PNDDR was
funded by a $107 million IDA grant, and parallel $100 million MDRP
Trust fund grant. To date, 102,181 adult ex-combatants have been
demobilized under the program, but 40,000 have yet to receive
reintegration services: 9,000 in North Kivu, and 8,000 in South
Kivu. The original MDRP funding has run out and discussions between
the GDRC and the World Bank for a new phase of the program have been
stalled for several months over issues of financial and
administrative management.

3. According to the World Bank Task Manager for the MDRP,
negotiations for a new phase of the MDRP are set to resume in the
coming days. World Bank concerns over the process of selecting the
National Director of the new DDR implementing agency (UEPN-DDR) will
be addressed by the GDRC's commitment to select a chief operating
officer following World Bank recruitment standards. It is this chief
operating officer who will share signature authority with the Bank.
Once this is agreed by the GDRC, the World Bank is prepared to
accept as adequate the GDRC's progress to date in reimbursing funds
that were not adequately accounted for under the earlier phase of
the MDRP. Successful negotiations will likely lead to World Bank
Board approval for phase 2 of the MDRP at their March 19 meeting.
The program includes $50 million in World Bank funding and $22.5
million from the African Development Bank. This phase could be
operational as soon as April.

4. The GDRC, World Bank and other donors have agreed to a mapping
exercise to validate the targeting of MDRP resources. Originally,
the MDRP was designed to address the DDR requirements for groups
that were signatories to the Sun City Accords. Already, there is a
significant caseload of program participants throughout the Congo,
many of whom have not received all of the benefits to which they
were entitled. With the anticipated increase in caseload resulting
from the Kivus Conference agreements, it is likely that additional
resources will be needed for reinsertion activities. This will
become clearer in the coming weeks, based on the mapping exercise.
In addition, sustainable reintegration of ex-combatants, as well as
returning IDPs and refugees, will require programming that goes
beyond the scope of the MDRP and the PNDDR.

5. USAID has reserved limited resources for reinsertion and
reintegration activities in North and South Kivu. Post will monitor
developments with the PNDDR and MDRP and consult with other donors
to leverage support for these programs.

6. (SBU) Comment: It now looks as though the MDRP will come back on
line in time to address pressing DDR requirements, though additional
resources may be required over time to respond fully to the
reinsertion and reintegration requirements emanating from the Kivus
peace agreements. Assuming that the GDRC-World Bank negotiations are
successful, Post recommends unequivocal support for the extension of
the MDRP, with encouragement to the World Bank to resume activities
as soon as possible. End comment.

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