Search

 

Cablegate: Peru Energy Update

VZCZCXYZ0013
RR RUEHWEB

DE RUEHPE #0213/01 0362158
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 052158Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY LIMA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7844
INFO RUEHBO/AMEMBASSY BOGOTA 5491
RUEHQT/AMEMBASSY QUITO 1735
RUEHLP/AMEMBASSY LA PAZ FEB SANTIAGO 1734
RUEHBR/AMEMBASSY BRASILIA 7758
RUEHBU/AMEMBASSY BUENOS AIRES 3277
RUEHCV/AMEMBASSY CARACAS 1038
RUEHME/AMEMBASSY MEXICO 3606
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2651
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RUEHC/DEPT OF INTERIOR WASHINGTON DC
RUEHRC/DEPT OF AGRICULTURE WASHINGTON DC
RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC

UNCLAS LIMA 000213

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

COMMERCE FOR 4331/MAC/WH/MCAMERON
TREASURY FOR MMALLOY
USTR FOR BHARMAN AND MCARRILLO
INTERIOR FOR USGS/RESTON DMENZIE AND AGURMENDI
ENERGY FOR GWARD AND SBROWNE
ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION FOR CHARLES ESSER

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ENRG ECON SENV EINV ETRD PE

SUBJECT: PERU ENERGY UPDATE


SUMMARY
-------
1. This is an update on the following energy sector news from Peru:

-- Shell returns to Peru by buying BPZ Energy
-- Japanese interested in Peru explorations
-- Biodiesel and Ethanol projects seek to meet demand
-- Brazilians seek ethanol projects because of PTPA
-- Natural gas displaces diesel for power generation
-- Wind power feasibility concessions
-- Peruvian Navy tanker chartered by BPZ Energy sinks
-- PeruPetro to take Amazon officials to Houston.
End Summary.

SHELL BACK IN PERU?
-------------------
2. Shell Oil will return to Peru and purchase BPZ Energy, according
to Daniel Saba, Chairman of PeruPetro, the government agency in
charge of licensing oil and gas exploration and production. Shell
has neither confirmed nor denied the news. BPZ Energy is a small
Houston-based oil and gas exploration and production company, which
holds four oil and gas exploration and production license contracts
covering approximately 2.4 million acres in northwest Peru. Shell
discovered the world class Camisea gas deposit in the mid-1980s, but
abandoned it in 1988 when no agreement was reached with the GOP for
its development. Shell and ExxonMobil returned to Camisea in 1994,
but they were again unable to agree on terms with the GOP. Shell
left Peru in 1998.

JAPANESE COMPANIES TO EXPLORE
-----------------------------
3. A PeruPetro official reported that Japanese agency JOGMEC (Japan
Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation) is interested in
conducting geologic evaluation studies in Peru intended to support
oil and gas exploration investments that Japanese companies are
planning. The official said that several Japanese companies have
expressed interest in PeruPetro March 2008 international bid of
eleven exploration blocks. In September 2007 Marubeni bought a 10%
stake in the Peru LNG Project from Korea's SK Energy, making
Marubeni the first Japanese company to invest in energy projects in
Peru. Japan's Agency for Natural Resources and Energy reportedly
told the Peruvians that several Japanese companies have also
expressed interest in installing compressed natural gas plants.

BIODIESEL AND ETHANOL SURGE AHEAD
---------------------------------
4. The GOP has mandated that starting January 2009, diesel 2 must
contain 2% biodiesel, rising to 5% in 2011. Similarly, gasolines
must contain 7.8% as of January 2010. Grupo Romero, Peru's largest
domestic business group, inaugurated its first biodiesel plant just
south of Lima at end-January, with a capacity of 3,000 barrels per
day. The plant will use imported soy until plantations in the
southern department of Ica are ready. Grupo Romero plans to have
its second biodiesel plant ready by mid-year, in the jungle
department of San Martin. This plant will be vertically integrated
with its own supply of palm oil, which the company has already begun
planting in San Martin and Loreto. Grupo Romero already has a sugar
cane-based ethanol project in the northern coastal department of
Piura with a capacity of 300,000 liters/day. U.S. firm Maple Energy
has a 30 million gallons of ethanol per year project in the same
area.

PTPA ATTRACTS BRAZILIAN ETHANOL
-------------------------------
5. Over ten Brazilian companies are negotiating deals with Peruvian
sugar producers to jointly develop ethanol projects, according to
the president of the Peruvian-Brazilian Chamber, Miguel Vega. Vega
says the Brazilians are attracted by the terms of the

recently-signed U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA), under
which Peruvian ethanol will enter the U.S. duty-free. Brazilian
ethanol pays a 16% duty in the U.S.

ELECTRICITY FROM NATURAL GAS
----------------------------
6. With water from the high Andes and insufficient domestic oil,
Peru had relied on hydro (68%) and thermal (32%, mainly diesel)
power generation. The Camisea project began bringing natural gas to
Lima in 2004, allowing natural gas to largely displace the more
contaminating diesel. Three natural gas-fired power plants were
commissioned between December 2006 and July 2007, helping natural
gas account for 26% power generation in 2007. Approximately 78% of
Peruvians have electricity in their homes, compared with 53% in
1990. The 22% of Peruvians without electricity are in jungle and
rural areas, and the GOP's rural electrification program aims to
increase electrification to 83% by end 2008. Four power
transmission projects will be concessioned through international bid
in the first half of 2008.

NATURAL GAS FOR VEHICLES, INDUSTRY, HOMES, PETROCHEMICALS
--------------------------- -----------------------------

WIND POWER FEASIBILITY
----------------------
7. The Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) has thus far granted six
temporary concessions for feasibility studies of wind power
generation projects, and five more projects have filed applications.
Three of the temporary concessions are in the northern department
of Piura. The state-owned power distribution company ADINELSA is
reported to have determined that probable wind generation potential
in the Peruvian coast is about 65,152 megawatts (MW). Peru's total
installed energy capacity at the end of 2007 was about 5,900 MW.

TANKER SUNK AT BLOCK Z-1
------------------------
8. On January 30, the 7,500 barrel capacity tanker "Supe,"
chartered by BPZ Energy from the Peruvian Navy, caught fire and sank
near a platform. Thirteen Peruvian Navy sailors working aboard the
Supe were injured by the fire, one of whom subsequently died. The
tanker was being used to store oil produced at two wells of BPZ's
offshore Block Z-1 in northwest Peru. The regional government of
Tumbes reported that the tanker sank with 260 barrels of oil, 20% of
the 1,300 barrels it had at the time. Press reports said BPZ sent
two experts from the U.S. to evaluate the environmental impact, and
the Peruvian Navy said that it sent special spill control equipment
and personnel to the area.

OFFICIALS TAKE AMAZON TO HOUSTON
--------------------------------
9. Perupetro officials will peddle their upcoming international bid
of eleven exploration blocks in Houston on February 8, taking
advantage of NAPE (formerly North American Prospect Expo) 2008.
Perupetro will be joined by indigenous leader Cesar Sarasara,
president of the Confederation of Amazon Nationalities of Peru
(CONAP). Perupetro officials are hoping to blunt criticism from
environmental groups.
NEALON

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
World Headlines

 

Werewolf: Gordon Campbell On North Korea, Neo-Nazism, And Milo

With a bit of luck the planet won’t be devastated by nuclear war in the next few days. US President Donald Trump will have begun to fixate on some other way to gratify his self-esteem – maybe by invading Venezuela or starting a war with Iran. More>>

Victory Declared: New Stabilisation Funding From NZ As Mosul Is Retaken

New Zealand has congratulated the Iraqi government on the successful liberation of Mosul from ISIS after a long and hard-fought campaign. More>>

Gordon Campbell: On The Current US Moves Against North Korea

If Martians visited early last week, they’d probably be scratching their heads as to why North Korea was being treated as a potential trigger for global conflict... More>>

ALSO:

Gordon Campbell: On The Lessons From Corbyn’s Campaign

Leaving partisan politics aside – and ignoring Jeremy Corbyn’s sensational election campaign for a moment – it has to be said that Britain is now really up shit creek... More>>

ALSO:

Another US Court: Fourth Circuit Rules Muslim Ban Discriminatory

ACLU: Step by step, point by point, the court laid out what has been clear from the start: The president promised to ban Muslims from the United States, and his executive orders are an attempt to do just that. More>>

ALSO: