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Cablegate: Cambodian Anti-Tip Law Passed and Promulgated

VZCZCXRO1188
PP RUEHCHI RUEHDT RUEHHM RUEHNH
DE RUEHPF #0179 0501026
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 191026Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY PHNOM PENH
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
INFO RUCNASE/ASEAN MEMBER COLLECTIVE PRIORITY

UNCLAS PHNOM PENH 000179

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

STATE FOR EAP/MLS, G/TIP, AND EAP/RSP

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PHUM KJUS KWMN CB
SUBJECT: CAMBODIAN ANTI-TIP LAW PASSED AND PROMULGATED

REF: 07 STATE 122413

1. (U) Post is pleased to pass on good news from the Royal
Government of Cambodia: Cambodia's anti-trafficking in
persons law was promulgated on February 15 and went into
effect immediately. Passage of the anti-TIP law was one of
five high-priority measures for Cambodia to move to a more
favorable tier placement according to the Cambodia Tier 2
Watch List Action Plan (reftel). Cambodia was recognized as
making "significant progress" in the recent official interim
assessment for 2007 Tier 2 Watch List countries partly due to
the fact that the law had moved to the Council of Ministers
in August 2007 and to the National Assembly in November 2007.


2. (U) The new anti-TIP law is a comprehensive law
containing provisions criminalizing all forms of trafficking,
including trafficking through debt bondage. Ministry of
Justice Secretary of State Chan Sotheavy held primary
responsibility within the ministry for drafting the law. She
explained punishments proscribed by the law: buying and/or
selling of a human being is punishable by two to five years
in prison; human trafficking with the intent to exploit the
victim is punishable by seven to 15 years; and for crimes
involving aggravating circumstances, such as child victims or
perpetrators who are government officials, 15 to 20 years.

3. (SBU) Chan Sotheavy stated that the MOJ is currently
seeking funds to disseminate the law to judges, prosecutors,
law enforcement officials, and to the general public. The
USAID-supported C-TIP program has plans to work with the
National Task Force to disseminate, and generally provide
exposure to, the law among RGC officials, legal aid
providers, and shelter employees over the coming months. A
local UNICEF representative stated that UNICEF has plans to
support publication of the law for dissemination purposes but
UNICEF has not yet received official word that the law was
promulgated. Promulgation of the law has not yet been widely
publicized.
MUSSOMELI

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