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Cablegate: Coespu at the Two-Year Mark: 1,000 Peacekeepers

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PP RUEHFL RUEHNP
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ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 081600Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY ROME
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 9819
INFO RUEHUJA/AMEMBASSY ABUJA PRIORITY 0172
RUEHAM/AMEMBASSY AMMAN PRIORITY 0575
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UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 05 ROME 000178

SIPDIS

SIPDIS
SENSITIVE

DEPT FOR PM/PPA JENNIFER HANLEY

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: KPKO MARR MOPS PGOV PREL IT ID NI UP CM IN
JO, KE, ML, RO, SG, PK, YI, MO
SUBJECT: COESPU AT THE TWO-YEAR MARK: 1,000 PEACEKEEPERS
TRAINED, 2,000 TO GO

1. (SBU) Summary: Two years after its inception, the Center
of Excellence for Stability Police Units (CoESPU) in Vicenza,
Italy, is well on its way to achieving its goal of training
3,000 gendarme/carabinieri-style police officers and trainers
by the end of 2010. Since November 2005, Italian Carabinieri
(National Paramilitary Police) at CoESPU have trained 1,102
officers from 13 countries in stability police peacekeeping
techniques, and the center will soon expand participation to
new countries. CoESPU is a G8 initiative but it depends for
the bulk of its funding, staffing and guidance on Italy and
the U.S. As such, CoESPU represents an important and highly
tangible instance of U.S.-Italian cooperation. The
challenges CoESPU now faces include: measuring the
effectiveness of its graduates, deploying Mobile Training
Teams (MTTs) to countries that have pledged police units for
Darfur, streamlining its human rights vetting procedures, and
developing more secure sources of funding. If approved, the
Italian request for additional U.S. staffing should help the
center meet some of these challenges. End Summary.

Off to an excellent start...
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

2. (U) CoESPU was founded in November 2005 at a Carabinieri
training center in Vicenza, Italy, as a joint contribution by
the U.S. and Italy to the G8 "Action Plan for Expanding
Global Capability for Peace Support Operations" adopted at
the Sea Island Summit in 2004. The plan was developed to
address the need for increased global peacekeeping capacity,
with a particular focus on Africa, and pledged to train, by
2010, 75,000 international peacekeepers, at least 7,500 of
which would be gendarme/carabinieri-type police (Stability
Police Units or SPUs) specializing in managing the transition
from a post-crisis situation to a more stable context for
reconstruction. SPUs (also called FPUs or Formed Police
Units) are highly mobile autonomous units of 140 personnel
each, and are an increasingly important component of UN peace
operations. The UN has expanded FPU operations over the last
several years to over 36 units currently deployed worldwide
-- 21 of which come from CoESPU partner countries -- and has
authorized up to 19 FPUs for UNAMID.

3. (U) CoESPU's goal is to train 3,000 stability police
peacekeepers and trainers by the end of 2010. Since its
founding in November 2005, Italian Carabinieri trainers at
CoESPU have trained 1,102 officers from 13 countries in
stability police techniques using a curriculum developed by
the Carabinieri in collaboration with the UN Department of
Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO). An additional 12 countries
have participated in the command leadership seminars that
DPKO holds at CoESPU for its stability police personnel. The

ROME 00000178 002 OF 005


U.S. pays for about a third of CoESPU's annual budget through
the Global Peace Operations Initiative or GPOI. Of the five
staff positions envisioned for U.S. officers at CoESPU, only
one (the Deputy Director position) has thus far been filled.

4. (U) The Carabinieri, who developed a robust Stability
Police Unit model in Bosnia and Kosovo, are acknowledged by
the UN and other international organizations to be leaders in
the field of developing Stability Police Unit doctrine. The
U.S. and Italy have also sent Mobile Assistance Teams (MATs)
to almost all of the CoESPU participant countries to prepare
contributing police forces for CoESPU training and to monitor
the progress of past graduates.

5. (SBU) The officers trained at CoESPU come from a diverse
group of countries that have agreed to use their graduates to
train and form Stability Police Units that will deploy to
peacekeeping operations under UN or

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