Cablegate: Somalia -- Instruction Cable On Amisom Resolution


DE RUEHC #7204 0512041
O P 202037Z FEB 08




E.O. 12958: N/A

1. USUN is instructed to vote in favor of the following
Security Council Resolution on AMISOM slated to be adopted
on February 20:

Begin text

The Security Council,

PP1 Recalling its previous resolutions concerning the
situation in Somalia, in particular resolution 733 (1992),
resolution 1356 (2001), resolution 1425 (2002), resolution
1725 (2006), resolution 1744 (2007) and resolution 1772
(2007), the statements of its President, in particular
those of 13 July 2006 (-S/PRST/2006/31), 22 December 2006
(-S/PRST/2006/59), 30 April 2007 (-S/PRST/2007/13), 14 June
2007 (S/PRST/2007/19) and 19 December 2007
PP2 Reaffirming its respect for the sovereignty,
territorial integrity, political independence and unity of

PP3 Reiterating its commitment to a comprehensive and
lasting settlement of the situation in Somalia through the
Transitional Federal Charter, stressing the importance of
broad-based and representative institutions reached
through a political process ultimately inclusive of all,
as envisaged in the Transitional Federal Charter, and
reiterating its support for Somalia's Transitional Federal

PP4 Welcoming the appointment by President Yusuf of Prime
Minister Nur "Adde" Hassan Hussein, the subsequent
appointment of a new Cabinet under the Transitional
Federal Government, and the relocation of the Transitional
Federal Government to Mogadishu,

PP5 Commending the work of the Special Representative of
the Secretary-General (SRSG), Mr. Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah,
and affirming its strong support for his efforts,

PP6 Underlining the importance of providing and
maintaining stability and security throughout Somalia, and
underscoring the importance of disarmament, demobilization
and reintegration of militia and ex-combatants in Somalia,

PP7 Condemning all acts of violence and extremism inside
Somalia, and expressing its concern regarding the
continued violence inside Somalia,

PP8 Stressing concern at the upsurge in piracy off the
Somali coast described in paragraph 22 of the
Secretary-General's report, and recalling the joint

communiqu, of the International Maritime Organization and
the World Food Programme of 10 July 2007,

PP9 Reiterating its appreciation of the efforts of the
international community, in particular the African Union,
as well as the League of Arab States, the Intergovernmental
Authority on Development and the European Union, to promote
peace, stability and reconciliation in Somalia, and welcoming
their continued engagement,

PP10 Recalling that cooperation between the United Nations
and the regional arrangements in matters relating to the
maintenance of peace and security, as are appropriate for
regional action, is an integral part of collective
security as provided for in the Charter of the United

PP11 Welcoming the communiqu, of the African Union Peace
and Security Council of 18 January 2008, which states that
the African Union will extend the mandate of its mission
to Somalia (AMISOM) for an additional six months,

PP12 Emphasizing the contribution that AMISOM and its
Ugandan and Burundian contingents are making to lasting
peace and stability in Somalia, including the important
work that the Ugandan forces have carried out in providing
medical care for Somali citizens, condemning any hostility
towards them, and urging all parties in Somalia and the
region to support and cooperate with AMISOM,

PP13 Welcoming the sustained commitment of the Government
of Uganda to supporting the efforts of AMISOM over the
last year and to the Government of Burundi for its recent

PP14 Taking note of the Secretary-General's report on
Somalia of 7 November 2007 (S/2007/658), in particular
paragraph 32, and expressing its appreciation for his
support of AMISOM,

PP15 Underlining that the full deployment of AMISOM will
help facilitate the full withdrawal of other foreign
forces from Somalia and help create the conditions for
lasting peace and stability there,

PP16 Noting that the communiqu, of the African Union Peace
and Security Council of 18 January 2008 calls for the
United Nations to deploy a peacekeeping operation to
Somalia that will support the long-term stabilization and
post-conflict restoration in the country,

PP17 Recalling the request in its statement of 19 December
2007 (S/PRST/2007/49) that the Secretary-General report to
the Security Council on the development of contingency
plans for the possible deployment of a United Nations
peacekeeping operation to succeed AMISOM, as set out in
resolution 1772 (2007),

PP18 Determining that the situation in Somalia continues
to constitute a threat to international peace and security
in the region,

PP19 Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United

1. Decides to renew the authorization of Member States of
the African Union to maintain a mission in Somalia for a
further period of six months, which shall be authorized to
take all necessary measures as appropriate to carry out
the mandate set out in paragraph 9 of resolution 1772
(2007) and underlines, in particular, that AMISOM is
authorized to take all necessary measures as appropriate
to provide security for key infrastructure and to
contribute, as may be requested and within its
capabilities, to the creation of the necessary security
conditions for the provision of humanitarian assistance;

2. Affirms that the provisions set out in paragraphs 11
and 12 of resolution 1772 (2007) shall continue to apply
to the mission referred to in paragraph 1 above;

3. Urges Member States of the African Union to contribute
to AMISOM in order to help facilitate the full withdrawal
of other foreign forces from Somalia and help create the
conditions for lasting peace and stability there;

4. Urges Member States to provide financial resources,
personnel, equipment and services for the full deployment

5. Reaffirms its intention to take measures against those
who seek to prevent or block a peaceful political process,
or those who threaten the Transitional Federal
Institutions or AMISOM by force, or take action that
undermines stability in Somalia or the region;

6. Looks forward to the Secretary-General's forthcoming
report, due on 10 March 2008, including specific options
to strengthen the ability of the United Nations Political
Office for Somalia (UNPOS), support the full deployment of
AMISOM, and to prepare for the possible deployment of a UN
peacekeeping force to succeed AMISOM, and affirms its
intention to meet again promptly following the release of
the report to consider what further action it might take
in light of the options and recommendations contained
within it.

7. Requests the Secretary-General to continue and
intensify his efforts to promote an ongoing political
process which is ultimately inclusive of all, including by
assisting the Transitional Federal Institutions' role in
delivering this and services to the Somali people and by
working together with the international community,
including the African Union, the League of Arab States,
the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, the
European Union, and the International Contact Group on
Somalia and its members;

8. Calls upon all international organisations and Member
States to support the SRSG in his work in order to enhance
security and bring a comprehensive and lasting peace to
Somalia and requests that they work through him at all
times so that a co-ordinated effort can be attained;

9. Urges the Transitional Federal Institutions and all
parties in Somalia to respect the conclusions of the
National Reconciliation Congress (NRC) and to sustain an
equally inclusive ongoing political process thereafter,
ultimately involving all stakeholders including political
leaders, clan leaders, religious leaders, the business
community, and representatives of civil society such as
women's groups and encourages them to unite behind the
efforts to promote such an inclusive dialogue;

10. Welcomes the efforts of the Transitional Federal
Government towards producing a plan for implementing the
NRC conclusions including the completion of the
constitutional process, and reiterates the need for
agreement on a comprehensive and lasting cessation of
hostilities and a roadmap of the critical path for the
remainder of the transitional process, including free and
democratic elections in 2009 as set out in Somalia's
Transitional Federal Charter;

11. Emphasizes the continued contribution made to
Somalia's peace and security by the arms embargo imposed
by resolution 733 (1992), as elaborated and amended by
subsequent resolutions, demands that all Member States, in
particular those of the region, comply fully with it,
reiterates its intention to consider urgently ways to
strengthen its effectiveness;

12. Encourages Member States whose naval vessels and
military aircraft operate in international waters and
airspace adjacent to the coast of Somalia to be vigilant
to any incidents of piracy therein and to take appropriate
action to protect merchant shipping, in particular the
transportation of humanitarian aid, against any such act,
in line with relevant international law, and welcomes the
contribution made by France to protect the World Food
Programme naval convoys and the support now provided by
Denmark to this end;

13. Reaffirms its previous resolutions 1325 (2000) on
women, peace and security, and 1674 (2006) and 1738 (2006)
on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, and
stresses the responsibility of all parties and armed
groups in Somalia to take appropriate steps to protect the
civilian population in the country, consistent with international
humanitarian, human rights and refugee law,
in particular by avoiding any indiscriminate attacks on
populated areas;

14. Strongly supports and encourages the ongoing
humanitarian relief efforts in Somalia, recalls its
resolution 1502 (2003) on the protection of humanitarian
and United Nations personnel, calls on all parties and
armed groups in Somalia to take appropriate steps to
ensure the safety and security of AMISOM and humanitarian
personnel, and grant timely, safe and unhindered access
for the delivery of humanitarian assistance to all those
in need, and urges the countries in the region to
facilitate the provision of humanitarian assistance by
land or via air and sea ports;

15. Reaffirms its previous resolution 1612 (2005) on
children and armed conflict and recalls the subsequent
conclusions of the Security Council Working Group on
Children in Armed Conflict pertaining to parties to the
armed conflict in Somalia (S/AC.51/2007/14);

16. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.


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