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Cablegate: Exbs: Turkey Advisors Monthly Report- (February

VZCZCXYZ0004
RR RUEHWEB

DE RUEHAK #0460/01 0700832
ZNR UUUUU ZZH(CCY ADX6B82D2 UTS0510 - 648)
R 100832Z MAR 08
FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 5525
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC
RULSJGA/COMDT COGUARD WASHDC
RUEAORC/US CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION WASHINGTON DC
INFO RUCNEXC/EXPORT CONTROL AND RELATED BORDER SECURITY
RUEUITH/ODC ANKARA TU
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC
RUEKJCS/JCS WASHDC

UNCLAS ANKARA 000460

SIPDIS

C O R R E C T E D C O P Y -- ADDED CAPTION
SIPDIS
SENSITIVE


DEPT FOR NP/ECC- YWONG, ACHURCH, BGOLDEN
DEPT FOR EUR/SE - BHUNT, PMALIK
DOE/NNSA- TPERRY, LPARKER, EDESCHLER
CBP/INA- BWATTS, BPICKETT
DOC FOR DCREED

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ETTC KNNP KSTC MNUC PARM PREL TU
SUBJECT: EXBS: TURKEY ADVISORS MONTHLY REPORT- (FEBRUARY
2008)


1. Summary: EXBS Advisor attended dedication ceremony in
Izmir for one of five new Customs Enforcement container x-ray
and inspection facilities donated by European Union (EU)
Commission as part of the EU Accession project to provide
border security assistance programs to Turkish Customs at
major Ports of Entry (POE). Post provided MFA with letter
requesting implementation of EXBS agreement with submission
of Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy Agreement to U.S. Congress.
Turkish Customs is ready to move ahead on planning future
professional exchanges and equipment procurements.

2. Completed Actions for the Reporting Period

A. Meetings During Recent Reporting Period

1) EXBS Advisor and Coordinator met with the following
Turkish, European and U.S. officials this period:

a) Feb 5 - 8 - Attended dedication of new warehouse based
mobile x-ray system in Izmir. Turkish Customs Enforcement
provided an extravagant commissioning ceremony for their
newest German built truck and container x-ray facility at
the Port of Izmir. Attendees included EU Ambassador to Turkey
and EU Commission officials, Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey,
senior Customs officials, foreign government and local
industry guests. The Izmir unit is one of five new mobile
x-ray vehicle and container scanning units, with search sheds
(inspection buildings with refrigeration units) at key
land/sea container ports of Izmir, Istanbul/Ambarli, Samsun,
Mersin and Gurbulak. The high quality pictures produced by
this system provide Customs operators with the ability to
identify both organic and mineral materials/goods within the
same scan. Up to 20 trucks/containers per hour can be
scanned.

During this visit, EU Commission representatives Ann Uustalu,
Head of Section for Taxation and Customs Union and her
associate, Mr. Stefano Fantorini, told us the EU was
generally pleased with Turkish Customs commitment to align
and harmonize Turkish Customs practices, procedures,
professional development programs and border security systems
with EU standards as part of Turkey's EU accession process.
The EU has earmarked over 50 Million Euro for Turkish Customs
since 2001. One area which they believe requires additional
GOT support is human resources development, mainly increasing
the size of the Customs force and expanding professional
development. The EU had planned to provide state-of-the art
training and classroom equipment, along with extensive
technical exchanges, for a new Customs academy in Ankara.
After an initial commitment of funds by the EU, Customs was
unable to obtain GOT funding support required for the
acquisition of new, or rehabilitation of existing facilities
for this new academy. Since these funds are due to expire
this year, Customs has submitted a new proposal to reprogram
these funds for procurement of a new railway scanning system
(x-ray) for installation in the city of Van, on the main
Turkish rail line from Iran to Syria, which is sorely needed.
It should be noted that EXBS has provided support through
DHS/CBPs ongoing engagement with Customs for over a year to
revamp current training curriculum. DHS/CBP is scheduled to
the deliver updated curriculum to Customs to use in accession
and specialized training programs at existing Custom training
facilities.

We agreed to work with EU Commission in Ankara to coordinate
future assistance programs to ensure we do not duplicate each
others' efforts.

b. Feb 14 - 15 - DOE/SLD program Manager Eric Deschler
visited Ankara and met with Advisor, Coordinator, and PMA
staff. Deschler provided a thorough briefing on SLD
programs, capacities, and anticipated assistance requirements
of EXBS program in Ankara. Deschler and EXBS team met with
TNP Criminal Police Laboratory Bomb Disposal Unit Head of
Section, Cengiz Ozdemir. We discussed the planned radiation
detection training at Golbasi, which was canceled on Feb 7
due to internal issues between TNP and MFA. Ozdemir noted
that this training was important for the bomb units


throughout Turkey and that his new Deputy General, who was
just appointed within the last few weeks, needed more time to
assess TNP's role for this new requirement before he would
authorize this training. Ozdemir noted that TNP would likely
move ahead with this training in May/June timeframe once the
EXBS agreement is in force and TNP completed its new bomb
disposal academy class. Ozdemir noted his academy would like
to integrate the use of radiation detection equipment into
their academy curriculum, once this course has been completed
by DOE/SLD. We toured the training site and confirmed the
radiation detection equipment that was delivered was safely
stored at this site. It was agreed that TNP would accept the
U.S. radiation sources, shipped by DOE/SLD, for the upcoming
training and store them at the academy.

c. Feb 21 - MFA Head of Department for Nonproliferation and
Disarmament, Ms. Elif Ulgen. Advisor met with Ulgen to
review status of EXBS initiatives and request MFAs response
to Ambassador's February 15 letter to MFA Undersecretary
Apakan requesting full implementation of the EXBS agreement
as soon as possible, since the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy
(PUNE) Agreement has been sent to Congress. Ulgen confirmed
that her office was working on a response, but reiterated, as
in past meetings, that the EXBS Agreement would not likely be
implemented until the PUNE was ratified by the US. During
this visit, Ulgen confirmed that GOT would provide the names
of one official each from Undersecretariat of Customs,
Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade, and General Directorate of
the Prime Ministry Security Affairs to attend the
EXBS-sponsored Export Control Workshop in Athens, GA in
April. She also confirmed that the property grant language,
now incorporated into the property grant document, and
pending approval by Customs, should be acceptable for the
delivery of the CT-30 Kits and Gerber tool kits.

d. Feb 22 - Undersecretariat of Customs, Director General
for EU and External Relations, Mr. Riza Mehmet Korkmaz and
his staff for Training and EU Accession Harmonization, Ms.
Deniz Atasoy and Ms. Sevil Karaca. We discussed the need to
move ahead with development of a comprehensive plan for
professional development, technical exchanges and the
acquisition of specialized detection and enforcement
equipment for Customs. Advisor provided a broad overview of
local EXBS processes and the need to develop a plan through
information exchanges with Customs and Custom Enforcement
officials. These would include regular border gate visits
and ongoing analysis of Custom processes/procedures to
identify deficiencies or gaps. This would ensure EXBS funds
would have greatest impact on assisting Customs in increasing
their capabilities in WMD-related detection and enforcement.
We provided an initial list of CBP and DOE course offerings
and agreed to meet regularly to develop and implement this
plan.

e. Feb 26 - Participated in Mission Strategic Planning (MSP)
process. Advisor provided initial FY2010 MSP submission for
ongoing EXBS initiatives for $850,000 of NADR-EXBS funds
under the Peace and Security line item. Post anticipates
full implementation of the EXBS agreement this year and will
require at least this level of funds to assist GOT in WMD
detection and enforcement capacity building, commodity
identification training, government to industry outreach
initiatives, and continued support of legal/regulatory
reforms.

f. (SBU) Feb 27 - Turkish Customs Enforcement, Head of
Department for Enforcement, Mr. Ender Gurleyik and his
assistant, Akin Akon. We discussed status of Z-Backscatter
van training and the proposed use of this van as a covert
detection system against smuggling along major transportation
routes and key shipping locations within Turkey. Gurleyik
informed us that they are completing the factory training for
this van and are eager to receive the DHS/CBP operational
training in March/April so that they can begin making
seizures with this new technology. When asked about the
changes occurring within Customs as a result of the new
administration, he noted that many of the new appointees
within Customs are wary of Customs Enforecemnt taking on new

roles or responsibilities for the time being. He indicated
that it may be more difficult for Customs to move ahead with
new U.S. assistance programs, such as acceptance of new
detection equipment, until these new appointees feel
confident in the Customs organization and the EXBS agreement
has been implemented by MFA. We informed him of our
discussions with Customs External Affairs Staff and noted we
would work closely with them during the planning process.

B. Training Conducted During this Reporting Period: - AS&E
completed a one week operator and familiarization training
with Customs Enforcement on the recently delivered AS&E
Z-Backscatter van. This training was well received and
Customs is awaiting DHS/CBP Operational training before
taking the van into the field for operations.

C. Equipment Delivered During this Reporting Period: - None.

D. Imminent Training or Equipment Status Update:

1) Three GOT officials will attend the March 31 - April 11
session of University of Georgia's Export Control Academy in
Athens Georgia as noted in (2.A.1)c) of this cable.

2) A DHS/CBP team from Miami, FL will arrive Ankara on April
6 to provide Customs Enforcement with a 10 day AS&E
Z-Backscatter Van operational training program from April 7 -
8.

E. Significant Developments in Export Controls,
Nonproliferation, or Related Border Security: None for this
period.

3. Future Activities: EXBS Advisor will be on leave and
consultations in U.S. beginning March 12 through April 4 and
will be reachable by office cell at (90) 533-716-4805 during
that period. EXBS coordinator will attend UGA's Export
Control Academy from March 31 - April 4, 2008.

4. Red Flag Issues: None.

5. Contact information for EXBS Program Ankara is: Robert
Cieslinski, EXBS Advisor, Email: CieslinskiRL@state.gov,
Office (90) (312) 457-7210, Cell (90) (533) 716-4808 and
Erhan Mert, EXBS Coordinator, Email: MertE2@state.gov,
Office(90)312 457-7059, Cell (90) (533) 264-8407. EXBS
Program
Office Fax (90) (312) 468-4775

Visit Ankara's Classified Web Site at
http://www.intelink.sgov.gov/wiki/Portal:Turk ey

WILSON

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