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Cablegate: Munich Satellite Navigation Summit: Worldwide Gnss

VZCZCXYZ0289
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHRL #0264/01 0631709
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 031709Z MAR 08
FM AMEMBASSY BERLIN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0586
INFO RUEHZN/ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COLLECTIVE
RUCNFRG/FRG COLLECTIVE
RUEHFR/AMEMBASSY PARIS 9434
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS

UNCLAS BERLIN 000264

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

SIPDIS, STATE FOR EUR/AGS, OES, EUR/ERA AND EB/IFD/OMA

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: EAIR ECON EINV ETRD PGOV PREL TSPA EUN FR GM
SUBJECT: MUNICH SATELLITE NAVIGATION SUMMIT: WORLDWIDE GNSS
UPDATES

REF: A. 07 MUNICH 652
B. BERLIN 142
C. BRUSSELS 310
D. BERLIN 247

-------
SUMMARY
-------

1. (SBU) REPRESENTATIVES FROM RUSSIA, CHINA, JAPAN, INDIA,
AND AUSTRALIA PRESENTED UPDATES ON DEPLOYMENT OF GLOBAL
NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEMS (GNSS) AT THE 6TH ANNUAL MUNICH
SATELLITE AND NAVIGATION SUMMIT HELD FEBRUARY 19-21, 2008.
WITHIN THE NEXT TWO YEARS, RUSSIA'S GLONASS PROGRAM IS
PROJECTED TO REACH FULL OPERATIONAL CAPABILITY (FOC) AND
CHINA'S COMPASS PROGRAM AIMS TO ACHIEVE COMPLETE REGIONAL
COVERAGE. JAPAN AND INDIA CONTINUE TO DEVELOP REGIONAL
SYSTEMS. WHILE INDIA DESIRES A PARTNERSHIP WITH GLONASS,
JAPAN IS FORMING A PARTNERSHIP WITH GPS AND POSSIBLY
INTERESTED IN A FUTURE PARTNERSHIP WITH GALILEO. AUSTRALIA
EXPRESSED NO INTEREST IN DEVELOPING AN INDIGENOUS GNSS AND IS
FOCUSING INSTEAD ON DEVELOPMENT OF GNSS DATA END-USER
APPLICATIONS AND MULTI-GNSS RECEIVER TECHNOLOGY. END SUMMARY.

----------------------
RUSSIA: GLONASS UPDATE
----------------------

2. (U) SERGEY REVNIVYKH, DIRECTOR OF THE SATELLITE
NAVIGATION DEPARTMENT IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERAL SPACE AGENCY'S
MISSION CONTROL CENTER, PROVIDED AN UPDATE ON THE GLONASS
PROGRAM. HE EMPHASIZED THAT GLONASS IS ON SCHEDULE TO ATTAIN
A COMPLETE CONSTELLATION OF 24 SATELLITES (GLONASS-M) BY THE
END OF 2009 AND HAS RECEIVED FUNDING FOR A PROGRAM EXTENSION
TO 2020.

LAUNCH UPDATES

3. (U) REVNIVYKH STATED THAT THERE ARE CURRENTLY 16
SATELLITES IN THE CONSTELLATION (THREE GLONASS AND 13
GLONASS-M, OF WHICH 14 ARE HEALTHY) WITH PLANS TO LAUNCH SIX
MORE GLONASS-M SATELLITES THIS YEAR. THIS YEAR'S LAUNCHES
WILL CONSIST OF TWO BLOCKS OF THREE GLONASS-M SATELLITES
EACH. THE FIRST, BLOCK 38, IS SCHEDULED TO OCCUR IN
SEPTEMBER. BLOCK 39 IS SCHEDULED TO LAUNCH IN NOVEMBER. BY
YEAR'S END, REVNIVYKH EXPECTS 18 HEALTHY
GLONASS-M SATELLITES WILL BE IN GEOSYNCHRONOUS ORBIT.

GLONASS GOALS

4. (SBU) REVNIVYKH STRESSED THE DUAL PURPOSE OF GLONASS ON
THE PROVIDER LEVEL: TO PROTECT NATIONAL SECURITY AND TO
PROMOTE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. HE ADDED THAT GLONASS WILL BE
FREE OF CHARGE AND THAT RUSSIA ENCOURAGES USE-COOPERATION OF
GLONASS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD, WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON THE
MIDDLE EAST, AUSTRALIA, AND LATIN AMERICA.

GLONASS MODERNIZATION

5. (SBU) REVNIVYKH HIGHLIGHTED KEY ASPECTS OF GLONASS
MODERNIZATION, CITING BETTER POSITIONAL ACCURACY, TIME
REFERENCE ACCURACY, AND COMPATIBILITY AND INTEROPERABILITY
(C&I). THE KEY COMPONENTS OF GLONASS MODERNIZATION ARE
SIGNAL MODERNIZATION AND THE USE OF FREQUENCY DIVISION
MULTIPLE ACCESS (FDMA) AND CODE DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS
(CDMA) SIGNAL TECHNOLOGY. IN RESPONSE TO A QUESTION
REGARDING WHICH SPECIFIC SIGNALS WILL BE USED WITH CDMA,
REVNIVYKH STATED THAT SUCH INFORMATION WOULD BE DISCUSSED AT
THE INTERNATIONAL SATELLITE NAVIGATION FORUM IN MOSCOW,
RUSSIA ON APRIL 7-8, 2008.

POSSIBLE GLONASS COOPERATION WITH INDIA

6. (SBU) AS PART OF RUSSIA'S AGGRESSIVE PLAN TO ACHIEVE FOC
BY THE END OF YEAR 2009, REVNIVYKH SAID, RUSSIA IS
CONSIDERING THE USE OF INDIAN ROCKETS FOR GLONASS-M
DEPLOYMENTS.

--------------------------------------------- ----
CHINA: COMPASS (BEIDOU-2) AND GALILEO COOPERATION
--------------------------------------------- ----

7. (SBU) DR. JING GUIFEI, HEAD OF THE NAVIGATION DIVISION OF
THE NATIONAL REMOTE SENSING CENTER CHINA (NRSCC), PRESENTED
AN UPDATE ON THE CHINESE COMPASS GNSS PROGRAM. GUIFEI STATED
THAT THE COMPASS GOAL IS TO ACHIEVE A COMPLETE GLOBAL
CONSTELLATION OF 35 BEIDOU-2 SATELLITES (30 IN MEDIUM EARTH

ORBIT (MEO) AND 5 IN GEO-STATIONARY ORBIT). GUIFEI ADDED
THAT THE COMPASS REGIONAL PROGRAM IS FULLY FUNDED AND THE
GLOBAL PROGRAM FUNDING IS STILL "UNDER DISCUSSION."

SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT

8. (SBU) GUIFEI BROKE DOWN THE BEIDOU-2 PROGRAM SYSTEM
DEVELOPMENT INTO TWO STEPS. THE FIRST STEP IS AIMED AT
COMPLETING REGIONAL SERVICES (RELATED TO THE FIVE MEO
SATELLITES). THE SECOND WILL FOCUS ON COVERING ASIA "MAYBE
BY THE END OF 2009" AND BEYOND THAT COMPLETE GLOBAL COVERAGE.
GUIFEI PRESENTED NO SPECIFIC INFORMATION REGARDING TIMELINES
OF COMPASS PROGRAMMATIC MILESTONES. GUIFEI SAID THAT COMPASS
WILL PROVIDE TWO SERVICES, AN OPEN SERVICE FREE TO THE PUBLIC
AND AN AUTHORIZED SERVICE FOR USE BY THE CHINESE MILITARY.
GUIFEI EXPLAINED FURTHER THAT THE OPEN SERVICE WILL HAVE A
POSITION ACCURACY OF LESS THAN 20 METERS, A VELOCITY ACCURACY
OF 0.2 METERS PER SECOND AND A TIME ACCURACY OF 50
NANOSECONDS. GUIFEI EMPHASIZED THE AUTHORIZED SERVICE IS
DESIGNED TO BE AVAILABLE IN "COMPLEX SITUATIONS," I.E.,
MILITARY SITUATIONS. GUIFEI ADDED THAT THE AUTHORIZED
SERVICE WILL HAVE AN ENHANCED POSITIONAL ACCURACY OF LESS
THAN 1 METER.

LATEST SATELLITE LAUNCH TO SECURE FREQUENCY FILLINGS

9. (U) GUIFEI SAID THE MOST RECENT COMPASS GEO-STATIONARY
MEO SATELLITE (LAUNCHED IN APRIL 2007) IS THE COMPASS
PROGRAM'S NEWEST SATELLITE. HE ADDED THAT THE INTENDED USE
OF THIS GEO-STATIONARY SATELLITE IS FOR IN-ORBIT-VALIDATION
(IOV) AND TO SECURE FREQUENCY FILLINGS. GUIFEI SAID THE
TECHNOLOGY ON THIS SATELLITE IS ABLE TO ACHIEVE A POSITIONAL
ACCURACY OF LESS THAN 10 METERS.

FREQUENCY PLAN

10. (SBU) GUIFEI SHOWED A CHART LISTING FOUR COMPASS CARRIER
FREQUENCIES (SHOWN BELOW). THE CHART DISPLAYED A FREQUENCY
DOMAIN DIAGRAM INCLUDING GPS, GLONASS, AND GALILEO FREQUENCY
SPECTRUMS. THE CHART SHOWED A STRIKING OVERLAP BETWEEN
COMPASS AND GALILEO FREQUENCIES. WHEN ASKED HOW EXACTLY
CHINA INTENDS TO ASSURE FREQUENCY COMPATIBILITY WITH OTHER
GNSS, GUIFEI GAVE A VERY SHORT RESPONSE SAYING ONLY THAT THIS
IS A "BIG ISSUE" THAT IS STILL "UNDER DISCUSSION.".

-- B1: 1561.098 2.046 MHZ
-- B1-2: 1589.742 12 MHZ
-- B1: 1207.140 12 MHZ
-- B1: 1268.520 12 MHZ

CHINA DESIRES TO STAY ACTIVE WITH GALILEO RESEARCH AND
DEVELOPMENT

11. (SBU) YIN JUN, DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL OF HIGH AND NEW
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENT WITHIN THE
CHINESE MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (MOST), GAVE A
PRESENTATION ON CHINA'S COOPERATION WITH GALILEO. SINCE
2003, JUN SAID, CHINA HAS INVESTED 70 MILLION EURO FOR
GALILEO IOV AND 35 MILLION EURO TO SUPPORT GALILEO
APPLICATIONS. HE MENTIONED "NUMEROUS OTHER CONTRACTS" THE
CHINESE HAVE SIGNED TO SUPPORT GALILEO RESEARCH AND
DEVELOPMENT. ALTHOUGH CHINA IS COMMITTED TO DEVELOPING ITS
OWN INDEPENDENT GNSS, JUN POINTED OUT, CHINA IS -- AND HAS
LONG BEEN -- SUPPORTIVE OF THE GALILEO CONSTRUCTION THROUGH
FOC AND WOULD LIKE TO REMAIN INVOLVED POST 2013. ASKED ABOUT
FREQUENCY OVERLAY ISSUES WITH COMPASS AND GALILEO, JUN
RESPONDED THAT CHINA IS STILL TRYING TO RESOLVE THIS PROBLEM
WITHIN CHINA-EU WORKING GROUPS AND EXPRESSED CONFIDENCE THAT
FURTHER DISCUSSIONS WOULD LEAD TO A RESOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM.


------------------
JAPAN: QZSS UPDATE
------------------

12. (U) SATOSHI KOGURE, AN ASSOCIATE ENGINEER AT THE JAPAN
AEROSPACE EXPLORATION AGENCY (JAXA), PRESENTED AN UPDATE OF
JAPAN'S REGIONAL QUASI ZENITH SATELLITE SYSTEM (QZSS), A
THREE SATELLITE REGIONAL TIME TRANSFER SYSTEM DESIGNED TO
AUGMENT GPS COVERAGE OVER JAPAN. THESE SATELLITES WILL BE
PLACED IN A PERIODIC HIGHLY ELLIPTICAL ORBIT (HEO) TO ALLOW
FOR LONG DWELL TIME OVER THEIR INTENDED REGIONAL AREA OF
COVERAGE.

FREQUENCY PLAN

13. (U) KOGURE LISTED THE FREQUENCY PLAN FOR QZSS AS

FOLLOWS:

-- L1-C/A: 1575.42 MHZ
-- L1C: 1575.42 MHZ
-- L2C: 1227.6 MHZ
-- L5: 1176.45 MHZ
-- L1-SAIF: 1575.42 MHZ
-- LEX: 1278.75 MHZ
NOTE: LEX IS A HIGH DATA RATE EXPERIMENTAL SIGNAL
COMPATIBLE
WITH GALILEO E6

PERFORMANCE AND COVERAGE

14. (U) KOGURE STATED THAT QZSS WILL UTILIZE DATA FROM THE
REGIONAL QZSS AND 23 GPS SATELLITES AND PROVIDE TWO COVERAGE
ZONES (A AND B). ZONE A WILL COVER JAPAN AND AUSTRALIA,
WHILE ZONE B WILL COVER NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA. KOGURE
STATED THAT QZSS IS EXPECTED TO ACHIEVE POSITIONAL ACCURACY
OF LESS THAN 1.6 METERS FOR 95 PERCENT OF THE COVERAGE AREAS.

COMPATIBILITY AND INTEROPERABILITY

15. (SBU) KOGURE STATED THAT ALTHOUGH QZSS ENJOYS A VERY
CLOSE RELATIONSHIP WITH GPS IN REGARDS TO C&I, JAPAN IS ALSO
COORDINATING C&I WITH GALILEO AND HOPES TO DO THE SAME WITH
COMPASS. (NOTE: NO MENTION WAS MADE OF C&I COORDINATION
WITH GLONASS. END NOTE)

--------------------------------------------- --------------
INDIA: DEVELOPING REGIONAL GNSS IN PARTNERSHIP WITH GLONASS
--------------------------------------------- --------------

16. (SBU) ALTHOUGH INDIAN PARTICIPANTS DID NOT MAKE A
PRESENTATION, BAL KRISHNA, THE EDITOR OF "COORDINATES", A NEW
DELHI BASED MAGAZINE ON POSITIONING NAVIGATION, TOLD GLOBAL
AFFAIRS OFFICER THAT INDIA IS CURRENTLY DEVELOPING A REGIONAL
SYSTEM IN PARTNERSHIP WITH GLONASS. KRISHNA EXPLAINED THAT
THE DRIVING FORCE FOR INDIA IS TO ATTAIN GNSS INDEPENDENCE,
WHICH IS ALSO WHY SO MANY COUNTRIES ARE DEVELOPING THEIR OWN
GNSS. KRISHNA MENTIONED THAT THE PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN INDIA
AND GLONASS IS NOT ABOUT ACQUIRING TECHNOLOGY FROM RUSSIA,
BUT ABOUT HELPING THE RUSSIANS SPEED UP GLONASS DEPLOYMENT
AND FACILITATING INDIAN ACCESS TO GLONASS. (NOTE: KRISHNA
STRONGLY HINTED THAT THIS MEANS ACCESS TO THE GLONASS
MILITARY SIGNAL. END NOTE). KRISHNA STATED THAT FOR NOW
INDIA IS FOCUSED ON A REGIONAL SYSTEM, BUT THE FUTURE GOAL IS
TO DEVELOP A GLOBAL SYSTEM.

ORIGINALLY INDIA DESIRED A PARTNERSHIP WITH GALILEO

17. (SBU) KRISHNA STATED THAT INDIA MOVED AWAY FROM ITS
ORIGINAL PARTNERSHIP WITH GALILEO BECAUSE OF DELAYS
ASSOCIATED WITH THE GALILEO PROGRAM. GLONASS, HE ADDED, IS
SIMPLY A MORE REALISTIC OPTION FOR MEETING INDIA'S GNSS NEEDS.

--------------------------------------------- --------
AUSTRALIA: NO AMBITIONS TO DEVELOP AN INDIGENOUS GNSS
--------------------------------------------- --------

18. (U) CHRIS RIZOS, THE HEAD OF THE SCHOOL OF SURVEYING AND
SPATIAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTH
WALES (UNSW), AND MATT HIGGINS, A PRINCIPLE SURVEY ADVISOR
WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND WATER IN
QUEENSLAND AUSTRALIA DELIVERED PRESENTATIONS FOCUSED ON THE
APPLICATION OF GNSS DATA TO AID AUSTRALIAN INFRASTRUCTURE
PROJECTS. RIZOS, WHO EMPHASIZED THAT HE IS NOT SPEAKING ON
BEHALF OF THE AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT, SAID THE UNSW AIMS TO
FOCUS ITS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS ON DEVELOPING
MULTI-CONSTELLATION GNSS RECEIVER TECHNOLOGY.

AUSTRALIA IS WELL POSITIONED FOR VISIBILITY TO WORLDWIDE GNSS
DATA

19. (U) RIZOS SAID AUSTRALIA IS WELL-POSITIONED DUE TO ITS
VISIBILITY TO ALL CURRENT GLOBAL SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS
AND TO DEVELOPING REGIONAL SYSTEMS IN INDIA AND JAPAN. HE
ADDED AUSTRALIA WOULD LIKELY NOT HAVE AN INTEREST IN
DEVELOPING EVEN A REGIONAL SYSTEM DUE THE REQUIRED FINANCIAL
INVESTMENT THAT WOULD NEED TO BE SHOULDERED OVER A RELATIVELY
SMALL TAX BASE. RIZOS SUMMARIZED AUSTRALIA IS SIMPLY FOCUSED
ON BUILDING INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION WITH OTHER GNSS
PROVIDERS, EXPLORING NEW GNSS DATA AIDED INFRASTRUCTURE
APPLICATIONS AND DEVELOPING GNSS RECEIVER TECHNOLOGY.

KOENIG

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