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Cablegate: Indonesian National Police Discipline Finalize Use of Force

VZCZCXRO9938
PP RUEHCHI RUEHCN RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHJA #0472 0700548
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 100548Z MAR 08
FM AMEMBASSY JAKARTA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8259
RUEHZS/ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS PRIORITY
RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA 2139
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1641
RUEHWL/AMEMBASSY WELLINGTON 2404
RUEHBK/AMEMBASSY BANGKOK 8356
RUEHML/AMEMBASSY MANILA 3194
RUEHPT/AMCONSUL PERTH 0623
INFO RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHMCSUU/FBI WASHINGTON DC
RUEAWJB/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHDC//CRIMINAL DIV
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC
RHHJJPI/USPACOM HONOLULU HI

UNCLAS JAKARTA 000472

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

DEPT FOR EAP, EAP/MTS, EAP/MLS, S/CT, DS, INL, OES/ENRC
DOJ FOR CTS THORNTON
INL FOR BOULDIN, DOJ AAG SWARTZ, ICITAP AD ASIA BARR
NSC FOR E. PHU

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL PTER SNAR ID
SUBJECT: Indonesian National Police Discipline Finalize Use of Force
Policy for National Socialization

JAKARTA

1. (U) This message is Sensitive but Unclassified -- Please
handle accordingly.

2. (SBU) SUMMARY: the Indonesian National Police (INP) has
approved their Use of Force Policy (UOF) and Use of Force Continuum
Policy for nationwide socialization. The new policy is inclusive a
UOF Report that requires police supervisors to report use of force
incidents to track data where police officers responded to a threat
using non-lethal or lethal force. END SUMMARY.

3. (SBU) POLICIES AND ACCOUNTABILITY: A central focus of Chief
General Sutanto's vision was to increase organizational
transparency, accountability, and responsiveness of the INP to the
Indonesian public. Human rights violations by police were recognized
as a major issue that had to be immediately addressed. In 2005 the
Indonesian National Police (INP) and DOJ/ICITAP worked
collaboratively to develop a national Use of Force Policy (UOF) for
the police that was signed into decree in September 2005. The
second collaboration involved the development of an accompanying Use
of Force Continuum that articulates the appropriate use of
non-lethal and lethal responses to physical threats presented police
under the color of their authority in the performance of their
official duties. The purpose of the development of the parallel
policies is to establish consistent, actionable, published, and
enforceable regulations, procedures, and training for INP personnel
to reduce human rights violations commensurate with internationally
accepted standards and practices.

4. (SBU) A MAJOR STEP FORWARD -THE INP USE OF FORCE REPORT

The INP and DOJ/ICITAP worked for months through a
cross-representational working group on the acceptance, development
and implementation of a standardized Use of Force Report and policy.
The policy requires that in incidents where an officer has to use
force beyond passive resistance, a report is generated on the nature
of the threat presented and the officer's response to the threat.
The report is evaluated for violations of law and the INP Code of
Ethics and Disciplinary Code. If required an internal investigation
into the officers conduct is initiated. In all cases the UOF Report
data will be collated in a central repository.

5. (SBU) NATIONAL UOF POLICY SOCIALIZATION: The INP and DOJ ICITAP
developed a scenario-based VDC, student manual, student tests, and
instructor workbook to socialize the parallel policies to be
delivered by an instructor cadre to train police throughout
Indonesia. The national socialization is expected to take
approximately six (6) months.

6. (SBU) A NEW LEVEL OF TRANSFORMATION: The development and
implementation of a UOF Policy and UOF Report is foundational to
building a responsive, accountable, and transparent law enforcement
organization. Human rights violations will not be significantly
impacted without the institutionalization of these polices,
regulations and training that govern the behavior and response of
police officers facing threatening situations and reacting
appropriately. General Sutanto's INP has reached a new level of
democratization with few peers in Asia.


HUME

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