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Cablegate: Goma Notes 03/18-20/08 - Waiting for Malumalu

VZCZCXRO1316
OO RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0283 0811134
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 211134Z MAR 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7709
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC

UNCLAS KINSHASA 000283

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV MOPS KPKO CG UN
SUBJECT: GOMA NOTES 03/18-20/08 - WAITING FOR MALUMALU

1. (SBU) Summary: National Coordinator Abbe Malumalu is expected
back in Goma March 22 prior to the hoped-for inaugural meeting the
following week of the Joint Commission (JC) to implement the Goma
accords. The list of pending JC business continues to grow in
anticipation of a decree establishing its structure and membership.
FARDC tanks are en route from Beni, apparently to Bukavu, in
technical violation of the accords. The JC will probably require
$50-70,000 in monthly operational financing, including building
rental, honorariums and other costs. End summary.

Pending business
----------------

2. (SBU) Amani Program National Coordinator Abbe Muholongu Malumalu
is expected to return to Goma March 22 after a short visit to
Belgium to receive an honorary doctorate in Liege. Before leaving,
he told international facilitators he planned to convene the initial
meeting of the Joint Technical Commission on Peace and Security (JC)
called for by the Goma Acte d'Engagement Tuesday March 25.

3. (SBU) Pending JC business continues to multiply. MONUC's North
Kivu Brigade has a list of deployments for discussion. FARDC is
seeking to redeploy, in technical violation of the Goma agreements.
CNDP insists its "help" in going after FDLR is both necessary and
desirable. Mayimayi groups, PARECO and CNDP regularly accuse one
another of cease-fire or other violations of the Acte.

FARDC tanks
-----------

4. (SBU) Repots that FARDC had moved tanks from Beni to Goma in the
pre-dawn hours of March 18 turned out to be a bit jumbled. In fact,
the tanks did leave Beni -- despite a formal request from MONUC not
to do so -- but as of the evening of March 20 they were at
Kanyabayonga. These are the newly-purchased tanks that were
supposed to be part of the independence day celebrations in
Kisangani last year, but didn't make it in
time. They are supposedly en route to Bukavu to join the 2nd
Integrated Brigade, which has been deployed there from Beni.
MONUC's North Kivu Brigade sees tanks as useless in any conceivable
operations against FDLR or other armed groups.

5. (SBU) MONUC unofficially considers this movement of armor a
potential cease-fire violation. It was not vetted or coordinated
with MONUC, as would normally be the case with operations under the
Nairobi declaration. MONUC is trying to get them to stay in
Kanyabayonga and not transit through the sensitive Virunga
Park-Rutshuru sector. Earlier inquiries were rebuffed as none of
its business. We understand Acting Force Commander General Bikram
Singh has informed FARDC that MONUC is suspending all operational
cooperation until FARDC resumes a decent level of coordination.

Finances
--------

6. (SBU) The JC will probably require something on the order of
$50,000-$70,000 per month to fund operations. This estimate does
not include the cost of the national coordination or of other pieces
of the program. National Coordinator Abbe Muholongu Malumalu has
signed a lease on a building to house its Goma offices; it is
unlikely to cost less than $4,000 per month. The program will
require something similar in Bukavu.

7. (SBU) Abbe Malumalu has suggested that senior-level JC members
and various role-players (permanent secretary, members of the
technical harmonization bureau, &c.) would be paid an honorarium of
$500 per month. Since there are something like 36 slots in this
category, this would come to around $18,000 per month. He will, as
always, want to have his close-support staff at hand, and there will
probably be a number of other inner-circle expenses in addition to
JC funding costs.

Comment
-------

8. (SBU) All this presumes that the decree establishing a structure
for the Commission and formalizing nominations for key slots under
those structures will be issued by the weekend at the latest and
reflect the terms negotiated by Abbe Malumalu with the various armed
groups. Acting MONUC political affairs director Christian Manahl
told us March 20 in Kinshasa that President Kabila had signed the
decree, and it had been transmitted to the prime minister's office
for similar approval, but had no information regarding its content.
End comment.

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