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Cablegate: G/Tip Program: First Monitoring Report

VZCZCXRO8063
PP RUEHQU
DE RUEHPU #0430/01 0781237
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 181237Z MAR 08
FM AMEMBASSY PORT AU PRINCE
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7903
INFO RUEHZH/HAITI COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHBR/AMEMBASSY BRASILIA PRIORITY 1845
RUEHSA/AMEMBASSY PRETORIA PRIORITY 1648
RUEHQU/AMCONSUL QUEBEC PRIORITY 1071
RUMIAAA/HQ USSOUTHCOM J2 MIAMI FL PRIORITY
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1463

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 PORT AU PRINCE 000430

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR WHA/EX AND WHA/CAR
G/TIP FOR BJFLECK
S/CRS
SOUTHCOM ALSO FOR POLAD
STATE PASS AID FOR LAC/CAR
INR/IAA
WHA/EX PLEASE PASS USOAS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: BR KCRM KWMN PREL PHUM HA
SUBJECT: G/TIP PROGRAM: FIRST MONITORING REPORT

REF: A. 07 STATE 144596
B. PORT AU PRINCE 336

PORT AU PR 00000430 001.2 OF 003


1. Summary: The Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in
Persons (G/TIP) awarded the Pan-American Development
Foundation (PADF) a USD 250,850 grant to support an
anti-trafficking program in Haiti from September 30, 2007
through October 1, 2008. Due to extensive staff turnover at
PADF's Haiti office, Poloff initiated the mandated six-month
assessment one month early. After a slow start marred by
inadequate staffing, PADF has successfully re-launched the
project. PADF must more effectively support its local GOH
partner, the Office of National Migration (ONM), and also
re-engage the anti-TIP NGO Solidarite Fwontalye (SF), in
order to increase the chances of the project's success. End
summary.

2. The cable follows the reporting guidance as outlined in
reftel.

3. PROJECT ASSESSMENT

A. Poloff held discussions with the following individuals on
March 5:
Noelcin Joseph, Mayor of Ouanaminthe
Jean Claude Jean, Division Inspector, Haitian National
Police (HNP), Ouanaminthe
Elifete Charles, Regional Coordinator, Office of National
Migration (ONM), Ouanaminthe
Perardh Monestine, Director, Solidarite Fwontalye (SF)
Andre Ibreus, Solidarite Fwontalye
Joanis Daniece, Solidarite Fwontalye
Jean Leonard, Solidarite Fwontalye
Kenal Senatus, Solidarite Fwontalye
Jean Winston, Solidarite Fwontalye
Josette Poisson, Director, Radio Massacre, Ouanaminthe
Herve Razafimbahiny, PADF Acting Director for Protecting
Human Rights and Acting Director for G/TIP Project,
Port-au-Prince
Herve Joseph, PADF G/TIP Project Coordinator, Cap Haitien

B. The following benchmark/assessment items are from PADF's
work plan of scheduled activities within the first five
months of the project.

START-UP AND MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES

--Mobilize and hire staff: Accomplished despite office and
project staff turnover.

--Set up coordination and procure equipment: Accomplished.

--Submit work plan: Accomplished.

--Meet with current TIP groups in Ouanaminthe: Accomplished,
but SF claims to not have enough information to submit a
proposed contract for services and service providers.

--Hold regular oversight meetings with U.S. Embassy officer:
Accomplished.

--Submit quarterly evaluation of portfolio and progress to
date: Accomplished.

--Organize local and national databases: NOT Accomplished.
PADF wants to drop this part of the project since SF, the SF
sister organization in the Dominican Republic, and other
human rights organizations along the Haitian-Dominican border
have already developed such a database. PADF believes that
organizing another database would duplicate efforts. Post
recommends that G/TIP wait until this coalition of human
rights organizations releases its report and database before
determining the validity of PADF's assessment.

--Draft/adapt contracts and agreement templates: PARTIALLY
Accomplished. Radio Massacre has a contract for
anti-trafficking service announcements and programming. No
other contracts have been signed.


PORT AU PR 00000430 002.2 OF 003


--Confirm partnership with Solidarite Fwontalye, ONM, and the
Ouanaminthe Mayor's Office: NOT Accomplished. Solidarite
Fwontalye, ONM, and the mayor's office all report inadequate
contact with PADF and with each other. Now that PADF has a
project coordinator in Cap Haitien, PADF must increase
efforts to forge relationships with these entities in
Ouanaminthe, as well as relationships among the entities
themselves.

--Confirm partnership with the Migration Action Committee
(MAC): NOT Accomplished. Since there already exists a
coalition of human rights monitoring committees along the
border that focuses on anti-trafficking issues, PADF believes
that forming a MAC would represent a duplication of efforts.

ACTIVITY COMPONENTS

--Public Forums: NOT Accomplished.

--Public Service Announcements on TIP: NOT Accomplished.

--Design and Distribute 2000 pamphlets: NOT Accomplished.

--Renovation of ONM building in Ouanaminthe: NOT
Accomplished, though the ONM facility in Ouanaminthe needs
equipment, supplies, and budgetary support more than building
renovations.

--Training ONM Staff in Cap Haitien and Ouanaminthe:
PARTIALLY Accomplished. PADF conducted a training session in
December, but the session was more geared toward solidifying
how to proceed with the project. Staff turnover at PADF
hindered further collaborative developments. In addition,
the director of the ONM office in Cap Haitien, who has
oversight of the Ouanaminthe office, died suddenly in
January, further impeding PADF's implementation of the
project.

--ONM Capacity Building: NOT Accomplished. See discussion
above. In addition, the ONM office in Ouanaminthe needs
equipment and supplies, which are not slated for delivery
until the seventh month of the project but are urgently
needed now. The ONM office in Ouanaminthe submitted a list of
needed equipment and supplies on March 5. The ONM office in
Ouanaminthe requested budgetary support in order to pay two
years back-rent in arrears in addition to its current rent.
The rent is $2,055 per year, for a total of $6,165 due in
rent. PADF believes that the budgetary support is justified
and crucial to the project. (Note: Many GOH buildings were
destroyed during the political and social instability that
accompanied ex-President Jean Bertrand Aristide's departure
in 2004. The Haitian National Police, housed in a rented
school building, is also in arrears in rent and faces
eviction. End note.)

--Capacity Building for MAC: NOT Accomplished, and perhaps
not applicable.

C. Despite the negative impact on the project schedule of the
staff turnover at PADF's Haiti office, PADF with added effort
should be able to successfully execute all phases of the
project. The current staff in their acting capacities has
successfully revamped project management, despite the need
for permanent replacements for its country and G/TIP project
directors, among other senior staff. PADF is also
instituting new management systems. Both the staff turnover
and new management systems at PADF reflect its efforts to
manage and execute projects in accordance with its growing
portfolio.

D. PADF operates in an environment with insufficient
infrastructure, pervasive poverty, economic stagnation, and
corruption. Ouanaminthe does not have paved roads, landline
telephone service, or electricity. Despite Ouanaminthe's
bustling cross-border trade with Dajabon, Dominican Republic,
the city is engulfed by grinding poverty and offers few
opportunities for economic advancement. Corrupt officials on
both sides of the border benefit from contraband trade and
trafficking-in-persons. Due to habitual neglect by the

PORT AU PR 00000430 003.2 OF 003


Government of Haiti (GOH), public institutions often do not
receive financial, logistical, or technical help from
authorities in Port-au-Prince. This project can effect
long-term change and develop local capacity only if it can
strengthen the operational capacity of local institutions and
secure adequate financing for them.

E. When a new G/TIP project coordinator based in Cap Haitien
(located 1.5 hours west of Ouanaminthe) is hired, PADF's
capacity to execute the project should improve. PADF may
also need to hire a technical assistant for the project to
improve coordination in Ouanaminthe. As mentioned above,
PADF's head office is revamping its financial and personnel
management systems in order to enhance its performance and
capacity to execute projects.

F. G/TIP should consider allowing PADF to reprogram some
funding to support ONM's Ouanaminthe office, since this is
the GOH entity officially tasked with the responsibility to
discourage illegal migration and to assist repatriated
migrants.

G. PADF's project attempts to foster GOH cooperation with
NGOs and social-welfare agencies to improve their ability to
identify, refer, and provide services to restaveks and other
Haitian children exploited as domestic servants. (Note:
"Restavek" is a Creole term derived from the French words
"rester avec," meaning "to stay with." Restavek is a label
for the thousands of children who move from the countryside
into urban areas to work as domestic laborers. The informal
practice has existed in Haiti for decades, and is directly
related to the country's poverty and lack of economic
alternatives (ref B). End note.)

H. Due to events sometimes out of its control, PADF's
execution of the project got off to a rocky start. However,
with the addition of staff and the new staff overcoming the
learning curve, PADF should be able to successfully complete
the project. The major factors that may determine whether
the project is a viable candidate for continued funding are
PADF's success in fostering working relationships between GOH
institutions and human rights NGOs, and whether the ONM
office in Ouanaminthe can secure GOH support.
Ellickson-Brown

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