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Cablegate: 30,000 New North Kivu Idps Following Fardc Clashes

VZCZCXRO9997
OO RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0382 1191715
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 281715Z APR 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7929
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC

UNCLAS KINSHASA 000382

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREF MOPS PREL KPKO CG UN
SUBJECT: 30,000 NEW NORTH KIVU IDPS FOLLOWING FARDC CLASHES
WITH FDLR AND PARECO


1. (SBU) Summary: Reports indicate that recent skirmishing
in North Kivu between the FARDC and FDLR and PARECO forces
are responsible for 30,000 new internally displaced persons
(IDPs). UNHCR confirmed a halt in distribution of aid to the
Kinyandoni I, Kinyandoni II, and Kiwanja camps near Rutshuru
April 24. Public awareness of increasing FARDC pressure on
the FDLR is a principal source of these displacements. End
summary

2. (SBU) Armed confrontations pitting the FARDC against the
FDLR and PARECO over the last week-and-a-half have been
accompanied by 30,000 new IDPs in North Kivu's Rutshuru and
Lubero territories. According to MONUC:

-- On April 19, the FARDC took several FDLR/FOCA positions
in Mirangi, approximately 120 km northwest of Goma. Some
houses were burned and civilians displaced.

-- On April 21, the FARDC 63rd Integrated Battalion attacked
FDLR/RUD positions around Kisegura, near Rutshuru town.

3. (SBU) PARECO elements reportedly fought alongside the FDLR
during these clashes. However, PARECO and FDLR/RUD have an
antagonistic relationship, and it would be unusual for them
to make common cause in the second case.

4. (SBU) On April 25, PARECO forces entered Kamandi in
southern Lubero territory, local residents told EmbOffs, and
briefly occupied it after a confrontation with the FARDC.
The PARECO fighters left after a few hours and the FARDC,
reportedly supported by MONUC, reasserted control of the
town. Residents claimed that the town was totally destroyed,
with all houses burned and animals and belongings taken by
the FARDC, not PARECO. On April 27, elements of the 15th
Integrated Brigade attacked other PARECO positions near the
town.

5. (SBU) A UNHCR representative told us April 28 that
distribution of aid to the Kinyandoni I, Kinyandoni II, and
Kiwanja IDP camps near Rutshuru was halted April 24 due to
FARDC-FDLR skirmishing. UNHCR is working with MONUC and the
commander of the FARDC 6th Integrated Brigade to open a
humanitarian corridor.

6. (SBU) Comment: MONUC does not view the number of recent
confrontations as inordinately or comparatively high. The
large displacements accompanying them appear principally due
to public awareness that the FARDC is putting increasing
pressure on the FDLR. End comment
GARVELINK

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