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Cablegate: Nicaraguan Mfa Outlines D'escoto's Plan for Unga

VZCZCXRO7514
PP RUEHLMC RUEHROV
DE RUEHMU #0500/01 1152306
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 242306Z APR 08
FM AMEMBASSY MANAGUA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2491
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY
INFO RUEHMU/WESTERN HEMISPHERIC AFFAIRS DIPL POSTS PRIORITY
RUEHROV/AMEMBASSY VATICAN PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC PRIORITY
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEHLMC/MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORP WASHDC PRIORITY
RUMIAAA/CDR USSOUTHCOM MIAMI FL//J2\J3\J5// PRIORITY

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 MANAGUA 000500

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR IO/MPR/SC BRIAN HACKETT
DEPT FOR IO/UNP - JOHN MARIZ AND ROBIN
DEPT FOR WHA/FO AND WHA/CEN
USUN FOR RON GODARD

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/22/2018
TAGS: PREL AORC UN UNGA UNGA NU
SUBJECT: NICARAGUAN MFA OUTLINES D'ESCOTO'S PLAN FOR UNGA
PRESIDENCY

REF: MANAGUA 451 AND PREVIOUS

Classified By: Ambassador Paul A. Trivelli for reasons 1.4(b,d)

1. (C) In an April 18 meeting with us, Magda Enriquez
Beitler, Director for International Organizations at the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), discussed Miguel d'Escoto
Brockman's potential presidency of the 63rd UN General
Assembly (UNGA). Before outlining his priority issues,
Enriquez acknowledged USG concerns about D'Escoto's past and
recent outspoken criticism of the U.S., but insisted that
d'Escoto "will not take personal positions" and "he
understands that he represents all nations" in the UN system.
Further, she said D'Escoto's "cabinet" would include
"representatives from around the world" in order to
"represent the UN's membership diversity."

2. (C) According to Enriquez, d'Escoto's priority issues for
his presidency include: Disarmament, hunger and poverty
alleviation, terrorism and human rights, climate change,
women and children's issues, and democratization of the UN.
(NOTE: These priorities are largely consistent with those
outlined in an April 4 letter (reftel) to Secretary Rice from
FM Samuel Santos soliciting support for d'Escoto's candidacy.
END NOTE) Enriquez, who will join d'Escoto's New York team
in a yet-to-be-determined role, was careful to stress that
d'Escoto is "not placing any one issue above the other."
Prior to assuming the presidency, d'Escoto and his advisors
are planning to "meet with experts from all over the world in
these priority areas" over the next two months "to gain a
better understanding."

3. (C) On the issue of "democratization of the UN," Enriquez
quoted d'Escoto as likening the UNGA to a "parliament" and
the Security Council to an "Executive Committee" within the
"framework of globalization." She indicated d'Escoto would
start by "strengthening the General Assembly," but did not
offer specific details. Enriquez mentioned that d'Escoto
will push to expand the membership of the Security Council to
include an additional four permanent and four or five
non-permanent positions. d'Escoto would like to see
permanent council seats for Germany, India, Brazil, and
Japan. Enriquez emphasized that d'Escoto "doesn't want
revolution within the UN structure," stating that "he
believes in multilateral relationships and sees them as the
basis of power for small countries."

4. (C) Separately, but on this theme, on April 16 the
Colombian Ambassador in Managua recounted to us details of a
recent session here between d'Escoto and local GRULAC Chiefs
of Mission that he described as "just plain frightening." He
said d'Escoto launched into a barrage of anti-U.S. rhetoric
and claimed that his mandate would be to remove the UN system
from the thrall of the imperialist U.S. d'Escoto reportedly
said he hopes to "completely re-order and reform" the UN and
the way it treats the developing world. d'Escoto also
reportedly said that he planned to assemble a staff of "25 of
the brightest minds in the world" who will assist him in his
task.

5. (C) COMMENT: The Ortega Administration appears to have
put a great deal of planning and effort into d'Escoto's UNGA
presidency campaign. Begun nearly one year ago, the GON
successfully lobbied for support within the NAM and exploited
the main vulnerability of their own GRULAC regional grouping
-- its pathological need for consensus -- to outflank any
potential challengers. However, all this careful spadework
may be for naught given that the GON (and apparently d'Escoto
himself) does not appear to truly understand the complexity
of the UN, especially the sensitive topic of UN reform and
the negative reaction likely to follow his first outrageous
anti-U.S. screed. Ultimately, d'Escoto himself may be his
worst enemy. The combination of his deep loathing of the
U.S., his impatience for those who can't grasp the grandeur
of his "unity" vision, and his generally unpleasant personal
demeanor suggest an administration of conflict, ill will and
squandered opportunities.

MANAGUA 00000500 002 OF 002

TRIVELLI

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