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Cablegate: Foreign Terrorist Organization List: 17n, Rn, And

VZCZCXRO9863
OO RUEHBW
DE RUEHTH #0631 1301523
ZNY SSSSS ZZH
O 091523Z MAY 08
FM AMEMBASSY ATHENS
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 1759
INFO RUEHXD/MOSCOW POLITICAL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE PRIORITY

S E C R E T ATHENS 000631

SIPDIS
NOFORN

S/CT FOR MICHELLE ARIAS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/09/2018
TAGS: PTER ASEC PGOV PREL KCRM KJUS GR
SUBJECT: FOREIGN TERRORIST ORGANIZATION LIST: 17N, RN, AND
REVOLUTIONARY STRUGGLE

REF: SECSTATE 44153

Classified By: AMBASSADOR DANIEL SPECKHARD. REASONS 1.4 (B) AND (D).

1. (S/NF) In response to reftel request seeking information
on the activities of the Greek terrorist groups 17 November
(17N) and Revolutionary Nuclei (RN) since their last
re-designation as Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) in
2003, Embassy Counterterrorism Task Force (CTTF) reviewed all
available information and provides the analysis and
conclusions below. It was Embassy's considered judgment not
to contact host government officials for their input to this
request due the highly sensitive nature of Greek domestic
terrorism issues, particularly those associated with 17N. At
the same time, Embassy CTTF officials have close working
relationships with Greek CT officials in law enforcement and
intelligence, and we have a high degree of confidence that
these officials have already shared with us currently
available information on 17N, RN, and other terrorist groups.

2. (S/NF) The legacy of Greece's most lethal and prolific
terrorist organizations, respectively, 17N and Revolutionary
People's Struggle (ELA), continues to play a significant role
in Greek domestic terrorism. 17N's last claimed terrorist
act was its assassination of British Brigadier General
Stephen Saunders in June 2000; ELA ceased claiming operations
in 1995. Greek CT officials have told us they believe 17N is
moribund as a formal organization. Nevertheless, they
believe 17N lives on through its continued ideological
influence and the contributions of its members and supporters
to current terrorist organizations, including Revolutionary
Struggle (RS). Greek law-enforcement investigations are
predicated on the working assumption that many individuals
who were identified as peripheral, active, or otherwise
sympathetic members of the 17N and/or ELA groups, as well as
militant activists in left-wing and anarchist communities,
are involved in current terrorist activities. Imprisoned 17N
and ELA members, as well as some who have been released,
continue to support their jailed comrades and espouse
revolutionary rhetoric.

3. (S/NF) Moreover, certain imprisoned members and their
confederates likely provide inspiration, expertise, and
personnel to active terrorist groups. The body of all source
reporting suggests that 17N and ELA gave rise to successor
groups, such as RN and others. Similarly, RN has faded from
the operational scene since about 2003, when the group was
implicated in two July incidents targeting Commercial Bank
and Alico Insurance. Those attacks took place subsequent to
RN's last re-designation as an FTO in 2003. The perpetrators
of those and previous attacks by RN remain unknown and
at-large, while the status of the organization itself remains
undetermined.

4. (S/NF) Thus, it is our judgment that while 17N and RN have
not claimed responsibility for terrorist acts since,
respectively, 2000 and 2003, their links to current known
terrorist groups remain sufficiently close to warrant their
remaining on the FTO list.

5. (S/NF) Regardless of the decision whether to re-designate
17N and RN, Embassy's priority is the FTO designation of the
successor organization Revolutionary Struggle (RS)(Ref B).
RS dominates the current Greek domestic terrorist scene and
is responsible for numerous attacks on Greek and foreign
government personnel and institutions, as well as domestic
and international business interests since late 2003. RS
emerged as the pre-eminent domestic terrorist group in Greece
with its first claimed double attack on Greek Court buildings
in September 2003. Since 2003, the group has either claimed
or been implicated in over a dozen attacks. The group was
responsible for the failed attempted assassination of former
Minister of Public Order Georgios Voulgarakis in 2006. RS
also claimed responsibility for the January 2007 RPG assault
on the U.S. Embassy. Most recently, the group conducted an
armed assault and grenade attack at a Police Department in
Nea Ionia in April 2007 using weapons stolen earlier from a
Supreme Court Chairman's police guard.
SPECKHARD

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