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Cablegate: Joint Workshop Focuses On Nuclear Export Controls

VZCZCXRO5116
OO RUEHCHI RUEHCN RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHJA #0887/01 1260745
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 050745Z MAY 08
FM AMEMBASSY JAKARTA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8913
INFO RHMFIUU/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEHZS/ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS
RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA 2448
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1926
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 5009
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 4566
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 1807
RUEHHK/AMCONSUL HONG KONG 2653
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHHJJPI/USPACOM HONOLULU HI
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 JAKARTA 000887

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR EAP, EAP/MTS, EAP/MLS, T, PM, PM/EXBS, ISN/CPI
NSC FOR E.PHU

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL ETTC ENRG KNNP ID
SUBJECT: JOINT WORKSHOP FOCUSES ON NUCLEAR EXPORT CONTROLS

REF: 07 JAKARTA 3090

1. (U) SUMMARY: In opening remarks to a USG-sponsored
training workshop on nuclear export controls, Pol/C
underscored the importance of effective export controls in
halting the proliferation of goods and technology that could
be used to develop Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). The
April 28-30 workshop--which was run by a USG inter-agency
team--included officials from several GOI agencies, including
nuclear energy, nuclear regulatory, and customs. The
workshop included various instructional modules. GOI
participants said they appreciated the workshop and
Indonesia's involvement in the EXBS program. END SUMMARY.

WORKSHOP IN JAKARTA

2. (U) An inter-agency team from the U.S. Departments of
Energy and State conducted a workshop on WMD-related
commodity identification training in Jakarta April 28-30.
The workshop, a sequel to the one held in November 2007 in
Jakarta (reftel), was supported by Mission and by the
regional representative for the Department's Office the
Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS).

WELCOMING REMARKS

3. (U) In welcoming remarks, Pol/C underscored the strong
and growing relationship between the U.S. and Indonesia
centered on the need to cooperate on ways to counter
proliferation. Globalization of trade has made proliferation
a truly international problem. Ever expanding global trade
markets and technological advances have made it significantly
more difficult to prevent the proliferation of WMD and the
materials used to produce them. Through our ongoing
cooperation under the EXBS program we seek to collaborate and
work with countries to develop strong strategic trade-control
policies and to strengthen national strategic trade systems
consistent with international standards, regimes and
policies. We look forward to further cooperation with
Indonesia in this area and stand ready to offer further
assistance.

INDONESIAN COMMENTS

4. (U) On the GOI side, Dr. As Natio Lasman, Chairman of the
Indonesian Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency (BAPETEN),
reviewed Indonesia's ongoing process of compliance with the
international WMD agreements that it had signed, including:

-- the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT);
-- the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC);
-- the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC);
-- the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT); and,
-- the Southeast Asian Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (SEANWFZ).

5. (U) M. Wahyu Purnomo, Director of International Affairs
in the Directorate General of Customs and Excise, observed
that globalization abetted transnational crime and made
international cooperation and increased national vigilance in
this area essential. Adiwardojo (one name only), Deputy
Chairman for Development of Nuclear Technology and Energy at
the Indonesian National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN), noted
that Indonesia was a state party to the Nuclear Safeguards
Agreement and the Additional Protocol of the NPT, and had
participated in several recent conferences on nuclear safety
and on early notification. The GOI also participated in the
Asian Security Network and had completed a program of
technical cooperation with DOE.

INSTRUCTIONAL MODULES

6. (U) The workshop included instructional modules, which
included discussion of:

-- controlled items relating to nuclear weapons;
-- controlled items relating to missile delivery systems;
-- controlled items relating to chemical weapons development;

JAKARTA 00000887 002 OF 002


-- controlled items relating to biological weapons
development; and,
-- issues involving related industrial equipment.

The Indonesian Directorate General of Customs and Excise also
presented an overview of the Directorate and its
responsibilities.

POSITIVE COLLABORATION

7. (U) Indonesian participants expressed appreciation for
the opportunity to discuss nuclear export controls in an
informal workshop setting. They were well aware of the
dangers of proliferation and appreciated learning about
methods to counter proliferation, though they admitted that
their technological expertise was low. This
workshop--coupled with the one held last November and others
before that--set a solid basis for additional USG cooperation
with Indonesia in this area.

HUME

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