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Cablegate: Confirmed Cases of H5n1 Virus On Guangdong Duck Farm, No

VZCZCXRO2119
RR RUEHCN RUEHGH RUEHHM RUEHLN RUEHMA RUEHPB RUEHPOD RUEHVC
DE RUEHGZ #0351/01 1700937
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 180937Z JUN 08
FM AMCONSUL GUANGZHOU
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7331
INFO RUEHOO/CHINA POSTS COLLECTIVE
RUCNARFC/ASEAN REGIONAL FORUM COLLECTIVE
RUEHZN/ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RUEKJCS/DIA WASHDC
RUEAUSA/DEPT OF HHS WASHDC
RUEHPH/CDC ATLANTA GA
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC//USDP/ISA/AP//
RUEKJCS/CJCS WASHINGTON DC//J2/J3/J5//
RHHMUNA/CDR USPACOM HONOLULU HI//J00/J2/J3/J5//
RHEFAFM/DIRAFMIC FT DETRICK MD//MA-1A//
RUEHRC/DEPT OF AGRICULTURE WASHINGTON DC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 GUANGZHOU 000351

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EAP/CM, AIAG, OES/IHA, MED, CA/OCS/ACS/EAP
STATE PASS TO USAID FOR ANE AND GH
HHS FOR OGHA/STEIGER AND PASS TO NIH/FIC
CDC FOR COGH AND DIV-FLU
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR OSD/ISA/AP
USDA PASS TO APHIS, FAS (OSTA AND OCRA), FSIS
BANGKOK FOR RMO, CDC, USAID
BEIJING FOR HHS, CDC, RMO
PHNOM PENH FOR CDC INFLUENZA COORDINATOR
VIENTIANE FOR CDC INFLUENZA COORDINATOR

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: TBIO EAGR PINR KFLU CH
SUBJECT: Confirmed Cases of H5N1 Virus on Guangdong Duck Farm, No
Additional Outbreaks Reported

REF: A) Hong Kong 1034, B)Hong Kong 1061, C) Guangzhou 160

1. (U) Summary: It looks as though authorities in south China
understand the need to move quickly on a potential H5N1 threat. The
National Influenza Reference Laboratory and China's Ministry of
Agriculture reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 Avian
Influenza on a duck farm in Jiangmen City, Guangdong province.
Poultry on the farm began to fall ill June 10, and 3,873 ducks were
dead by June 13. To prevent the spread of the disease, the local
government culled the farm's remaining 17,127 ducks and disposed of
35,000 hatching eggs. No additional cases of H5N1 infection have
been reported in the endemic area or in other parts of Guangdong
province. End Summary.

Local Action Results in Quick Response
--------------------------------------

2. (SBU) On June 17, the Ministry of Agriculture and the National
Avian Influenza Laboratory confirmed an outbreak of highly
pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza at a duck farm in the Xinhui
District of Jiangmen City in Guangdong province. (Note: Jiangmen is
located in the western Pearl River Delta approximately 100 KM
southwest of Guangzhou. End note.) The farm's poultry began falling
ill on June 10, and 3,873 ducks were dead by June 13. The Jiangmen
Agricultural Bureau was notified on June 13, and preliminary tests
indicated the presence of highly pathogenic Avian Influenza, leading
to the local veterinary bureau culling the farm's remaining 17,127
ducks and disposing of 35,000 hatching eggs. After confirming the
outbreak on June 17, the Guangdong Agricultural Department
dispatched a taskforce of experts to assess the situation and
respond to the emergency. Three tons of disinfectants were sent to
the site, and the Xinhui District government blockaded the
surrounding area. Additional measures included culling and disposal
of local poultry that was raised in backyards or had not developed
adequate antibody levels to resist possible infection. In addition,
all live poultry markets in the area have been closed.

Initial Investigation Suggests An Isolated Outbreak
--------------------------------------------

3. (U) On June 17, the provincial veterinary station and local
disease prevention and control center began testing antibody levels
of poultry located within a 3 KM radius of the Jiangmen outbreak.
Random tests of 425 poultry serums in 28 large-scale poultry farms
showed that 96% of tested samples contained the required antibody
levels to help resist infection. Conditions in the affected area
are still being investigated, but initial reports suggest that the
outbreak has not spread to additional areas.

Local Official Provides Further Insights
----------------------------------------

4. (SBU) Yu Yedong, deputy director general of the Guangdong Bureau
of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, said the duck farmer
came from Zhejiang province and his farm is relatively small, with a
total of only 21,000 ducks. This outbreak was isolated to mostly
full-grown ducks and previous outbreaks among ducks did not tend to
spread beyond the immediate duck population. Following the
outbreak, questioning of the duck farmer revealed inconsistent and
contradictory answers. The investigation team suspects this farmer
had not taken required vaccination measures, and then tried to cover
up this fact for fear of punishment. Mr. Yu also said the
investigation is on-going, with all surrounding poultry farms
showing satisfactory antibody levels at this time. As an added
precaution, authorities have proceeded with vaccinations for all
susceptible fowl within a 5 kilometer radius of the farm.

7. (U) Beijing Embassy ESTH has cleared this cable.


GUANGZHOU 00000351 002 OF 002


GOLDBERG

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